History from Day to Day The Philippines
Nov. 19—U. S. High Commissioner F. B. Sayre states in Philippines Herald “Yearbook,” published today, that Filipino people “face monumental undertaking” and “this is not time for defeatism”.
USS Houston, 10,000-ton cruiser, arrives in Manila to relieve USS Augusta as flagship of U. S. Asiatic Fleet.
Export and Import magazine states United States this year will absorb 85% of Philippine exports as against 69% last year.
Nov. 20.—Reported that Albay political leaders have been summoned to Manila in connection with candidacy of Pio Duran, pro-Japanese lawyer, for Albay seat in National Assembly.
Mgr. Santiago A. Fonacier is installed Supreme Bishop of Philippine Independent (Aglipayan) Church (1,573,608 members), with many notables present, including President Manuel L. Quezon. Vice-President Sergio Osmeña, and other prominent figures; sponsors included Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, Floor Leader Quintin Paredes, Mayor Bulogio Rodriguez, and number of provincial governors.
Nov. 22.—President Quezon by executive order sets aside 50,000 hectares of potential coal lands in Mindanao and Antique for development by National Development Company. President visits Olongapo on yacht Casiana.
Nov. 23.—Augusta sails for United States for overhauling; was flagship for 6 years.
SS Washington arrives in Manila carrying 440 passengers on way to United States and 177 U. S. Army aviators who will disembark here; in Manila ship will take some 900 more passengers for United States, mostly wives and children of U. S. Navy personnel.
Nov. 25.—Capt. R. C. Romero. 14th Engineers. Philippine Scouts, is sentenced to 15 years hard labor by general court martial which found him guilty of violating 96th Article of War under 4 specific charges.
Washington leaves Manila with 1352 American evacuees aboard, including 912 from Philippines.
Nov. 30.—As result of political shootings at Nagbukel and Narvacan, Ilocos Sur is placed under Constabulary control.
Dec. 2.—Commenting on approval of amendments to Commonwealth Constitution by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, President Quezon states: “There should never have been any doubts in our minds as to what action the President would take. Under Independence Act, President of United States may only disapprove proposed amendments to Constitution of Philippines if they do not conform with provisions of said Act; on no other ground may President disapprove such amendments”.
Sir John Latham passes through Manila on way to Japan as first Australian Minister there; tells press relations between Australia and Japan have always been friendly and that it is his object to develop and extend those relations.
Dec. 3.—High Commissioner Sayre states, “I feel happy that at least in this part of world, constitutional changes are wrought by orderly procedure and by popular vote. The President’s approval consistently continues the American policy of giving Filipino people largest measure possible of self-determination in their own affairs”.
Dec. 4.—President Quezon proclaims approval by President of United States of amendments to Philippine Constitution.
Teodoro M. Kalaw, former Secretary of Interior and more recently Director of Philippine National Library, prominent lawyer, writer, and Mason, dies, aged 57.
Dec. 5.—President Quezon is reported in message to Resident Commissioner J. M. Elizalde to have proposed Philippines offer to erect mausoleum to late Senator Key Pittman; Philippines also built mausoleum to memory of W. Atkinson Jones.
Philippine Supreme Court reverses resolution of Commission on Elections which denied representation to Popular Front in election boards in towns where it did not present candidates in preceding election.
17th Pursuit Squadron from Michigan, composed of 25 officers and 330 enlisted men, arrives in Manila on transport Etolin.
Dec. 6.—High Commissioner Sayre states in press conference, “there is nothing in Tydings-McDuffie Act which restricts power of President of United States to approve or disapprove any amendments to Philippine Constitution as he sees fit”. Commenting on recent address by H. B. Pond, (see editorial, December Philippine Magazine) he states he agrees this is no time to determine what Philippine-American trade relations after independence shall be; he adds he thinks Filipinos would do well to proceed with their preparations under 1946 independence program—”I don’t think we ought to do anything now to divert them from it”.
Later reports show that typhoon striking Catanduanes today resulted in at least 80 deaths and destruction of thousands of homes.
Dec. 9.—President Quezon states in press conference that High Commissioner Sayre’s remarks as to power of President of United States to approve or disapprove amendments to the Philippine Constitution duly made and within limitations of the Independence Act were a shock to him and show that High Commissioner has failed to grasp true philosophy of Law, which is culmination of long-established policy. He states that while government of United States has power to do anything it likes with Philippines, and could even sell country to Japan, it is insult to President of United States to think he might have acted arbitrarily.
Gov. Buenaventura Rodriguez of Cebu, who was seeking re-election, dies on eve of elections; Assemblyman Hilario Abellana will become substitute candidate.
Dec. 10—More than 1.500,000 of the 2,000,000 registered voters (of whom 300,000 to 400,000 arc women), are expected to go to the polls today to elect provincial and municipal officials. Later reports show that Democratas wrested control of Manila Municipal Board from Nacionalistas, elected 6 of 10 members, re-electing Miss Carmen Pianos (Democrata) and electing another woman candidate, Miss Piedad Montenegro, a Nacionalista. Popular Front candidate, Jose Robles, won governorship of Nueva Ecija; Sotero Baluyot won over Pedro Abad Santos in Pampanga (vote 39,063 to 32,990). Young Philippines candidate Wenceslao Vinzons won governorship of Camarines Norte. Gen. Juan Cailles was defeated for governorship of Laguna by Jesus Bautista: Duran was defeated by O. Rañola and Jose Ma. Veloso by A. R. Cinco in Leyte in special elections for seats in Assembly.
Dec. 15.—Twelve latest-type Consolidated patrol bombers arrive at Cavite bringing total of long-range navy bombers in Philippines to 26.
Governor Francisco Nisce of La Union, dies.
Source: University of Michigan
Hartendorp, A. V. H. (Ed.). (1904). History from day to day : The Philippines. Philippine Magazine, 38(1), 4. Retrieved from https://archive.org/stream/acd5869.0038.001.umich.edu#page/n5/mode/2up.