Official Week in Review: June 16 — June 30, 1966

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June 16.—AFTER considering “the overwhelming reasons of national security, as well as existing government policies in relation to freedom of communications and dissemination of information,” the President decides to place under full government control the operations of the Philippine station of the global satellite communications system.

The President communicates this decision to the Secretary of Foreign Affairs, advising him at the same time to call off all the bids on the project, which was tentatively proposed for private construction and operation.

In taking over the Comsat (Communication Satellite) project, the President specifies that the government will pay the fee of $750,000 for membership in the International Consortium for Satellite Telecommunications (INTELSTAT).

He proposes that this sum be collected from contributions of entities who would use the facilities provided by Comsat.

The President also indicates that he might utilize the reparations for establishing the ground facilities of the project, which he states will “ultimately be paid for by the persons and entities” benefiting from the system.

He directs Secretary of Foreign Affairs Narciso Ramos to ask the committee which he heads, named earlier by the President to take charge of the project, to proceed with the preparations for establishing the Comsat station here in accordance with his decision. The members of the committee are Secretary of Finance Eduardo Romualdez and Chairman Filemon Rodriguez of the National Economic Council.

The President had initiated action on Comsat as early as January this year, stressing the advantages of the communications system which will link the Philippines with 48 countries.

At the same time, the President orders the outright deportation of two Chinese nationals, Chua Liam alias Johnny Chua and Johnny Chua, Jr., who had been found guilty of smuggling activities by the deportation board.

The President direct Brig. Gen. Segundo Velasco, chief of the Philippine Constabulary, and the bureau of immigration to immediately implement his order to expel the two men as undesirable aliens.

Chief Prosecutor Florentino Flor had charged the two Chinese nationals before the deportation board with illegal possession of some 275 cases of untaxed Union cigarettes valued at P137,500, which the government asserted were smuggled into the country. The blue seal cigarettes were found by elements of the Philippine Constabulary in a bodega owned by the Chuas located in barrio Parobatia, Libmanan, Camarines Sur.

President Marcos also directs Executive Secretary Rafael M. Salas to investigate the smuggling of foreign-bred race horses into the country, and to take drastic administrative action against officials and employees of the Games and Amusement Board responsible.

In his directives to Secretary Salas, the President deplores the smuggling of Australian race horses, made possible by connivance of customs and bureau of animal industry personnel, and passed off as native horses in local races.

The President stresses that the practice has succeeded because of the toleration by the Games and Amusement Board.

Under the law, only the native horses are authorized to run in the races. The harm in this racket, the President states, is that the imported horses are consistent winners and the horse racing fans therefore are victimized. It has likewise resulted in the decline of the once thriving horse-breeding industry in Batangas.

In the morning, the President meets with Chinese rice experts who arrived recently to conduct demonstrations on improved rice production to farmers in Central Luzon.

The seven-man Chinese team, led by Dr. T. H. Shen, chairman of the Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction in Taipeh, are here under the technical assistance program between the Philippines and Nationalist China. Vice President Fernando Lopez, who visited Taipeh recently, paved the way for early arrival of the Chinese rice production experts.

In the afternoon, the President confers with RCA Chairman Osmundo Mondoñedo and Undersecretary of Foreign Affairs Manuel Collantes in connection with the administration plan to import rice and corn.

Meanwhile, the President takes time out to swear in Senior Board Member Verulo Boiser as acting vice-governor of Davao to take the place of former Vice-Governor Paciano Bangoy. Bangoy became governor following the appointment of former Gov. Vicente Duterte as Secretary of General Services.

To succeed Boiser, Mayor Ramon de los Cientos of Bansalan, Davao, is also sworn in by the President.

June 17.—IN a conference with top military officials, President Marcos receives documented confirmation of the Huk affiliations of the five persons killed by operatives of the Philippine Constabulary in Tarlac last June 13.

Undersecretary of National Defense Alfonso Arellano tells the President that the armed forces of the Philippine Constabulary have “overwhelming evidence” showing that the five men whom the PC patrol fought were Huks or Huk sympathizers.

The conference is called by the President to discuss by the dissident problem and to receive the report on skirmish which Tarlac officials sought to be investigated.

During the meeting, the President direct the armed forces and to put into effect and intensify the civic action program which is an integral part of the anti-dissident campaign. The President specially directs the military authorities to coordinate this phase of their campaign with PACD chief Ernesto Maceda, who has been designated as coordinator of the drive, dubbed “Operations Central Luzon.”

The President orders the creation of civilian advisory boards, which are expected to fill a key role of the anti-huk campaign in Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, and Bulacan.

At the same time, the President receives a report from the National Bureau of Investigation of the apprehension in Zamboanga City last night of two persons in possession of prohibited narcotics.

The drug consist of two bottles of morphine containing 250 grams each and could be sold for P500, 000. Arrested by NBI and Air Force Agents, according to Acting NBI Director Serafino Fausto, were Mrs. Charito Santos y Sanchez and Narciso Apostol y Patriarca.

The Chief Executive also directs two Mt. Province officials and three bureau directors to explain within two weeks the reasons for their failure to move aliens out of public lands within the Mt. Data National Park and Central Cordillera Forest reservations.

The President, in his directive, states that Executive Order No. 180 issued by the late President Magsaysay in 1956 gave aliens up to June 30 of that year to vacate or move out of the park and forest reservations in Mt. Province.

The order likewise establishes conditions for the release of some of these areas to actual occupants who are Filipino nationals.

He orders the Chairman of the Mt. Province Development Authority, the provincial fiscal of Mt. Province and the directors of the bureau of lands, forestry and soils to immediately take steps for the ejection of aliens who have managed to occupy public lands 10 years after they had been ordered to vacate the areas.

In the afternoon, the President receive L. H. Markuson, resident representative of the UNICEF and Oliver B. Johnston, executive vice-president of the Walt Disney, Co.

Markuson discusses with the Chief Executive the progress of UNICEF activities here. While Johnston who is visiting Walt Disney offices in Asia and Europe, called to pay his respects. With him is George R. Sherman.

Then, the President administers the oath of office to Chief Justice Roberto Concepcion, whose appointment was confirmed by the Commission on Appointments two days ago.

Justice Concepcion was nominated Chief Justice by President Marcos June 4 to succeed former Chief Justice Cesar Bengzon who retired May 29.

June 18.—DEVOTING most of the day to working on bills, President Marcos meets the midnight deadline set by law for him to act on some 250 measures passed by the Sixth Congress during its first regular session.

The 30-day statutory period which started upon the adjournment of the regular session last month ends this day.

The President is assisted by a committee headed by Executive Secretary Rafael M. Salas with department undersecretaries as members.

At the same time, the President names Senate President Arturo M. Tolentino adviser to the Philippine panel to the joint Philippine United-States Commission to discuss pending claims of Filipino veterans against the United States.

He also designates Sen. Alejandro Almendras member of the panel, headed by former Senator Eulogio Balao, one-time secretary of national defense. The talks on the pending claims are slated to start in Manila on July 5. Members of the American panel headed by Gen. George H. Decker, are expected here July 4.

Sen. Tolentino will serve as adviser to the panel, together with Speaker Cornelio T. Villareal.

The first meeting of the commission will be held in Manila upon the request of the President, who had underscored the difficulty of transporting documents supporting the claims of Washington.

The Filipino war veterans’ claim represents the unpaid balances the US still owes them by virtue of laws and proclamation promulgated and issued by the US government relative to compensations and benefits for Filipino soldiers who fought with the US troops during the last world war.

At 11 a.m., the President takes time out from his work to confer with several senators who called at the Palace to consult him on bills pending in Congress during the special session.

Among the legislators received separately by the President are Senators Rodolfo Ganzon and Gaudencio Antonino and Reps. Floro S. Crisologo of Ilocos Sur and Antonio V. Raquiza of Ilocos Norte.

The President likewise had consultations over the telephone with other solons including Senators Jose Roy and Manuel P. Manahan.

Meantime, the President Marcos calls upon the people to “keep faith with the great men of our land” in a message issued on the eve of the birth anniversary of Dr. Jose Rizal.

The President points out the decline in the morality of the people as evidence by the upsurge of criminality in the country and graft and corruption in public and private sectors.

“We may not find the true path again to unity, strength and virtue if we fail to keep faith with the great men of our land, men like Dr. Rizal whose birth more than a hundred years ago gave to our race the finest example of a patriot and hero,” he warns.

The President’s message for the occasion follows:

The birthday today of Dr. Jose Rizal will possibly pass quietly, as t had done in years past, for we no longer really feel very deeply for our heroes, not even our national hero. If we did, we will be more dedicated people, more conscious of our responsibilities, and altogether prepared to meet the challenge of our times, even if it meant great personal sacrifice.

“The decline in the morals of our people, the upsurge of crime in our country, the apathy and fear that grip us, so much so that many of us will not even seek justice against criminals, and the graft and corruption in public and private sectors, all underline the moral crisis of our times.

“We may not find the true path again to unity, strength, and virtue of we fail to keep faith with the great men of our land, men like Dr. Rizal, whose birth more than a hundred years ago gave to our race the finest example of a patriot and hero.”

June 19.—LEAVING Malacañang at 5:15 a.m. for the Philippine Air force Base operations at Nichols Airbase where he took off for Poro Point, San Fernando, La Union, the President returns to historic Bessang Pass to unveil a memorial set up by a grateful nation for the fallen soldiers of the famous USAFIP-NL, and to pay tribute to his comrades in arms.

From Poro Point, the President together with the First Lady, Mrs. Imelda R. Marcos, and their children, Imee, Irene, and Bongbong, and some cabinet officials motor to Bessang Pass, east of Cervantes along the Ilocos Sur-Mountain Province boundary. Also with the President in the long and tortuous trip to the historic mountain trail 5,000 feet above sea level are members of the USAFIP-NL.

Bessang Pass is a narrow breach in the Cordillera Mountain Range where the Filipino guerillas of World War II turned the tide of war against the Japanese Imperial Forces. The decisive battle eventually led to the defeat of Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita and the surrender of the Japanese occupation forces.

President Marcos was one of the men who fought in the now famous battle. He held the rank of major at the time his heroic participation in the battle won him his second Silver Medal.

During the brief ceremony atop the Cordillera Mountain, President Marcos likewise confers decorations on 13 heroes of the Bessang Pass campaign.

Among the awardees are three newsmen, namely: Amante E. Bigornia of the Daily Bulletin and David Borje of the Evening News, who were decorated with Gold Cross Medals, and Manuel Abad Gaerlan of the Philippines Herald who was conferred the Military Merit Medal.

The President arrives at Bessang Pass 12:30 p.m., after a three-hour trip from Tagudin, to unveil the maker of the fallen heroes of Bessang Pass.

On the memorial were inscribed the following words:

“The battle of Bessang Pass began with the assault on the Japanese line at Bitalag, Tagudin, Ilocos Sur, by the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines, Northern Luzon USAFIP 8 January 1945, followed by the seizure of the enemy stronghold along Highway 4 and the Japanese defenders of the province 14 June 1945.”

On the steel marker are listed the names of the casualties of the hard-fought battle which led to the liberation of Central Luzon and the end of the Japanese occupation.

In his brief remarks, the President states that Bessang Pass was a battle similar to Bataan, but in reverse.

He obviously refers to the fact that while the Filipino soldiers in Bataan put up a valiant defense, particularly in their last stand on Mt. Samat, the Filipino soldiers at Bessang Pass made a bold assault on the Japanese Imperial forces holding out there, and won.

The President stresses proudly the fast that it was the Filipino soldiers themselves who liberated Northern Luzon. He states that Northern Luzon was the only Filipino territory freed from Japanese occupations by Filipino troops.

From Bessang Pass, the President motors back to Tagudin, arriving there at 3 p.m. The President takes his lunch at the residence of Capt. Emilio Narcisi, now PC provincial commander of Ilocos Sur.

After meeting a large delegation which greeted him at the provincial commander’s residence, the President motors to the USAFIP-NL base hospital site in Tagudin where he paid further honors to the heroes of Bessang Pass.

The President lays a wreath at site of the wartime base hospital and addresses the crowd which had gathered there.

Later in the afternoon, the President proceeds to Camp Spencer, in Darigayos Point, where he also offers similar tribute to his comrades in arms.

With the First Lady, Mrs. Imelda R. Marcos, the President unveils a plaque at the camp.

From there, the President motors back to Poro Point, San Fernando, La Union, arriving there late in the evening.

June 20.—FROM San Fernando, La Union, the President boards the “Queen Air,” a private plane, for Basa Airbase in Pampanga where he formally accepts 17 aircrafts given to the Philippines by the United States under the military assistance pact.

The President, who was returning from the commemorative ceremonies held the other day at Bessang Pass, arrives at Basa Airbase at 10 a.m.

Although Basa airbase is a major command of the Philippine Air Force, this is the time in 17 years that a visit was made by the President of the Republic to the base. The last President to visit this airbase was President Quirino, in 1949.

The aircraft turned in include nine F-5 jet fighters, two UH-34D helicopters and six U-17A light planes. US Ambassador William McCormick Blair, Jr. makes the presentation, while the First Lady, Mrs. Imelda R. Marcos, christens the aircraft.

In his extemporaneous acceptance speech, the President declares that the turnover of the planes was symbolic of the strengthened partnership between the Philippines and the United States, “based on freedom, aimed at freedom, and utilizing the weapons of freedom.” He adds that it was a replenishment of the reservoir of goodwill between the two countries.

The aircraft represent the determination of the Philippines to remain free, Ambassador Blair states in his presentation speech, and the “continuing commitment of the United states to guarantee that the Philippines, like the United States, be allowed to live in freedom.”

The nine F-5’s have brought the 6th Fighter Squadron of the PAF to full strength. The UH-34D is described as versatile aircraft, which will give the PAF increased capability for airlift missions of personnel or supplies, during times of disaster or other emergencies. It can be used to reach remote areas with no means of transportation.

The U-17A is a light plane type, designed to give more mobility to the country’s ground foces and naval arm, in surveillance missions or actual operations needing the services of these planes.

After the rites, the President takes off for Manila, arriving at the Nichols Airbase at 12:30 p.m.

In the evening, the President receives Ambassador Harumi Takeuchi of Japan who makes a courtesy call.

Following the courtesy call, the President confers with Reparations Commissioner Gregorio Abad, Chairman Filemon Rodriguez of the National Economic Council and Public Works Undersecretary Marciano Bautista on the procurement of heavy equipment through reparations, badly needed for road construction projects.

June 21.—THIS day being one of his busiest day, President Marcos nevertheless finds time for a farewell chat with some key Filipino Ambassadors who called at Malacañang before leaving for their posts abroad.

Among the envoys are Ambassador Romeo Busuego who was assigned to Kuala Lumpur, Ambassador Juan Dionisio who is relieving Ambassador Busuego in Karachi, Ambassador Mauro Calingo for Bangkok and Ambassador Benito Bautista.

The President likewise receives Ambassador Trinidad Legarda who reported on her trip to Saigon where she turned over to the South Vietnamese government Philippine donations raised from private contributions under “Operation Pakikisama” of the President.

Mrs. Legarda informs the President that the Philippine donations had bolstered the morale of the Vietnamese people and at the same time enhanced prestige of this country. According to her, the donations also created the impression that the Philippine is not satellite of any nation.

Following the call of Mrs. Legarda, the President meets with Congressional leaders with whom he discusses the necessity of calling Congress to another special session.

Then, the President receives Sir Malcolm Frazer, Australian Minister of the army, who called to pay his respects. He is accompanied by Ambassador Francis H. Stuart.

At noon, the President motors to Manila Hotel where he addresses the 12th annual convention of the Bus Operators Association of the Philippines (BOAP).

In his extemporaneous speech before the BOAP, the President reveals the massive road construction program of the administration, totaling P600 million worth of concrete roads and highways.

He reveals the plan to give the transportation men a “bird’s eye-view” of the public works program of his administration.

The intention of the government to sell the Philippine National Railways is also brought out, when the President invited the transport tycoons to buy the rail lines, by way of answering the complaints against the stiff competition offered by the PNR bus lines against private land transport.

As outlined by the President, the road building crash program, to be undertaken in the next three years, will cement 2,667 kilometers of major trunk roads, pave 1,600 kilometers of secondary roads with high-type asphalt, replace 60,000 lineal meters of temporary bridges with permanent concrete-and-steel spans, and construct 1,500 kilometers of development roads for virgin areas relative to the intensified agricultural production.

The President declares that the P600-million has already been set aside, and has been allocated to underwrite the three phases of the program.

He states that the first year will have and P118-million allocation, P58-million of which will come from the special highways fund. He says that the government cannot allocate more because of the restrictions imposed by law, which requires that only 50 per cent of the total fund available be spent on road building and the other half to finance the maintenance of the roads.

Talking about the special highway funds, the President tells the bus operators that the amount collected from them and oil companies which make up this fund has reached P200-million a year for some years now. He adds that funds from the special fund could have cemented all of the country’s main trunk roads long ago, but in the past four years only 70 kilometers of these roads have been cemented.

That is why, he states, the administration is trying to make up for lost time. He declares that this program benefits not only the bus companies but also farmers, industrialists and the public at large.

The Chief Executive likewise bares that he is reorganizing the Public Works Department to cope with the program, which in its first phase has 700 kilometers of roads to be built more than 17,000 lineal meters of bridges.

The target for the second year is 967 kilometers of concrete roads and 22, 359 lineal meters of permanent bridges. The sum set aside for this phase is P166-million. The third year will aim for 1,000 kilometers of concrete road and 20,000 lineal meters of permanent bridges, with a total of P162-million set aside for it.

In offering the sale of the government railway firm, the President explains that he was dissatisfied with the present condition of the company, and points to the high cost of overhead, particularly in salaries which he said exceeded the usual 35 per cent dictated by sound business practices.

On the problem of crowding in the land transportation field, the President says that he has been assured by the Public Service Commission that it will issue no more certificates to applicants in these saturated areas.

Back in Malacañang, the President receives Arnold Wychodil, managing director of Mercedes Benz, who arrived recently in the course of an inspection of Mercedes Benz subsdiaries in Asian countries.

Following the call, the President inducts into office Filomeno Kintanar as associate public service commissioner and Gaudencio Beduya as member of the board of governors of the Development Bank of the Philippines.

June 22.—TO break the long-standing mail jam in Manila post office, President Marcos strongly urges the outright up-grading of postal service in a directive to the Executive Secretary and the Commissioner of the Budget to study reorganization of the bureau.

The Chief Executive’s directive is triggered off by the still unremedied mail backlog despite several injection of funds into the service, precisely to bolster service personnel needed to cope with the tide of mail coming to Manila.

He instructs Executive Secretary Rafael M. Salas and Budget Commissioner Faustino Sy-Changco to conduct a management survey of the bureau of posts to determine the causes of the mail jam and to pinpoint responsibility for the delayed delivery of mail.

The President declares, “notwithstanding our repeated releases of funds for additional clerical assistance in the bureau of posts, a serious mail jam continues, resulting in numerous complaints from the public.”

Besides the survey, the President asks the two officials to recommend “specific and workable remedies” to the problem, and to make a report to him in one month.

Aside from the regular budget of the Bureau of Posts amounting to more than P23.5 million for the current fiscal year, it is reported, the Budget Commission has released since January several sums for the wages of “casuals” and for payment of overtime services, as follows:

Feb. 2, 1966  Wages of casuals  P200,000.00
 Overtime Services 50,000.00
Mar. 25, 1966  Wages of casuals 300,000.00
 Supplies 100,000.00
May 23, 1966  Wages of casuals 275,000.00

A total of P295,000 was released in three months since the beginning of the year aimed at breaking the mail jam, but so far no results have been seen, it is declared, causing the issuance of the President’s orders for what might be described as a move toward a shake-up of the postal bureau. These sums are in addition to the regular outlays of the bureau.

At the same time, President Marcos orders the immediate cancellation of permits to timber concessionaires operating in Cordon, Isabela to prevent the possible destruction of important watersheds in the area.

The President issues the order to the director of forestry after receiving report of wanton logging in the area, which has threatened the watersheds there.

Included in the order is the cancellation of the permits of four sawmills in the adjacent town of Diffun, Nueva Vizcaya, if it is established that these mills have received most of their logs from the said watersheds.

The watersheds specified shore up the Ilot, Kama and Lucban rivers, which the President described as “all important,” but the continued logging operations in the area might result in the possible destruction of these forest stands, as the President points out.

The administration has previously launched a program to preserve the country’s forests, including national parks and watersheds which are deemed essential to agriculture and in preventing floods.

In this connection the President had in the past ordered the cancellation of other logging permits, which had been abused by operators in that they had indiscriminately thinned out forests or encroached into forest reservations.

He further asks the director of forestry to submit a report within one month on the implementation of the Malacañang directives.

The Chief Executive also proclaims Friday, June 24, as “Araw ng Maynila” in commemoration of the 395th anniversary of the founding of the city.

In proclaiming the day, the President declares “it is fitting that the people of Manila be given ample opportunity to commemorate the occasion with appropriate ceremonies.”

In the morning, the President receives the officials of the Social Security System with whom he discusses the System’s capability to grant educational loans to SSS members.

At the meeting, the President directs the SSS to speed up approval of educational loans to make sure that the members of the System could make use of them when schools open in July.

The SSS had earmarked P30-million for educational loans. Under the arrangement a member of the system could borrow the equivalent of his one-month salary. The loan will be payable in one year without interest.

He calls the SSS officials to a conference in Malacañang to discuss this loan and other matters.

The processing of the loans , on a stepped-up basis, was started the other day at the SSS offices with Assistant Executive Secretary Flores Bayot representing the President.

The mass processing of the loans in undertaken in consonance with the desire of President Marcos to extend immediate assistance to SSS members for present needs. Some 1.5 million private workers are members of the system.

Acting SSS administrator Reynaldo Gregorio informs the President that about 10,000 applications for educational loans have already been received at the SSS as of yesterday. The bulk of applications consists of amounts ranging between P150 and P250.

In the afternoon, the President confers the award of the Philippine Legion of Honor, rank of commander, on Rear Admiral Jack L. Monroe, years of tour of duty in this country.

Following the award ceremonies, the President administers the oaths.

Among those inducted are:

1. Atilano R. Cinco, former governor of Leyte as administrator of the Philippine Veterans Administration and member of the board of directors of the Philippine Veterans Bank;

2. Mariano Noriel as first deputy administrator of the PVA;

3. Jose Cadiao of Antique as associate public service commissioner;

4. Dr. Godofredo Reyes, former governor of Ilocos Sur, as member of the board for medical examiners;

5. Jose M.Rodrigo as third assistant provincial fiscal, Cresencio Navi Busto as municipal judge of Baco and Cesario M. Cueto as municipal judge of Naujan, all of Mindoro Oriental; and

6. Miss Leonor E. Pablo as acting chairman, and Miss Evelina Pangalangan, Miss Petra R. de Joya and Mrs. Leonora S. de Guzman as members of the board of examiners for social workers.

In the evening, the President presides over an emergency meeting of members of the Peace and Order Council, the mayors and chiefs of police and intelligence agencies to assess the peace and order situation in the Greater Manila area.

At the meeting the President directs the Secretary of Justice to inquire deeper into financial standing of bonding firms which provide bail for persons arrested by the police, in other move to strengthen the anti-crime drive.

Following the conference of police and other officials, the President seeks to seal off another breach in the operation of law enforcement by hardening the base for the grant of bail, which today professional criminals find very easy to secure through fly-by-night bonding companies.

In his directive to the department of justice, the President points out that certain insurance firms backing up the bonding companies have been found to have questionable financial resources.

The President acts after being informed by police agencies that hardened criminals find it too easy to procure bail, and when these same felons are freed they often merely disappear and have to be re-arrested. Meanwhile, the bonding companies concerned fail to pay the forfeited bond because of non-existent funds.

Not so long ago, the President had ordered a similar inquiry into certain insurance firms dealing in surety bonds, in the light of the experience of the customs service, wherein forfeited bonds warehoused imports were not paid, also due to the inadequate finances of the surety companies.

June 23.—THE Chief Executive directs Ernesto Maceda, chief of the Presidential Arm on Community Development and chairman of Operations Central Luzon, to report on the specific roles of the various agencies participating in the program to better the social and economic conditions in the areas concerned.

In his directive to Maceda, the President asks him to specify the activities of each agency over a three-month period, a six-month period, and a full year.

He also tells Maceda and all the heads of the participating agencies “to make their presence felt in the area and to deploy all available personnel and funds in the project area so that the people could feel the immediate impact of the operations.”

Specific towns pinpointed as target areas are San Luis, Arayat and Magalang and city of Angeles in Pampanga, Bamban, Capas and Concepcion in Tarlac, and Talavera Aliaga, Zaragoza and Gapan in Nueva Ecija.

Meanwhile, the President issues a proclamation declaring Friday, June 24, a special holiday in Manila.

The President earlier had proclaimed the day as “Araw ng Maynila” in commemoration of the 359th anniversary of the City’s founding.

In the morning, the President meets with the Philippine panel which will discuss with its American counterpart the pending claims of Filipino veterans of World War II against the United States government.

In the afternoon, the President receives a 600-man delegation from the Philippine Public School Teachers. Association headed by its president, Florencio Barrera, division superintendent of Davao City.

During their call, members of the PPSTA delegation whose four-day 23rd annual representative assembly opened at Quezon City this morning, witnessed the re-enactment by the President of the signing into law of Senate Bill No. 65 (H. B. No. 6801) otherwise known as the Magna Charta for public school teachers.

The bill is one of some 200 bills signed by the President the other week.

As a token of their appreciation and gratitude for the approval of the bill, the teachers had resolved to voluntarily waive in the meantime some of the rights granted them under the new law.

Among the provisions of the measure, which the teachers waived for the meantime are:

1. Their right to a one-year study leave with pay equivalent to 60 per cent of their salary after seven years of service.

This privilege is granted in addition to the existing leave privileges, and once implemented would mean an additional outlay of at least P200 million annually.

The teachers agree with the President that because of the huge expenses that would go into other essential services and the rural development program the government can afford these additional expenditures at this time.

2. Their right to automatic civil service eligibility after ten years of continuous service.

3. Their right to additional compensation for services in excess of six hours of actual classroom teaching, hardship allowances, cost of living allowances and automatic retirement promotion.

Under Section 14 of the bill of the teachers shall not be required to render more than five hours of actual classroom teaching a day and when required to render more than five hours of service they shall be paid additional compensation equivalent to their regular pay plus 25 per cent.

The teachers are also granted for a living allowance, a special hardship allowance of at least 25 per cent of their monthly salary and a one-range salary increase upon retirement.

4. Their right to be credited with services rendered in private teaching institutions for purposes of promotion and retirement.

5. Their right against transfer without their consent from one station to another.

June 24.—In a more determined effort to remove possible causes of criminality, President Marcos turns his attention on mass communications and entertainment media by ordering the board of censors to be “more judicious and rigid” in screening movies and depicting crime and glorifying sex.

The Chief Executive likewise wants the censors board to check on the quality of radio and television program.

“In view of the resurgence criminality, which may due to the improper influence of motion pictures and other media of entertainment and communication, you are hereby directed to be more judicious and rigid in the appreciation of moving pictures depicting crimes and glorifying sex,” the President orders.

In another memorandum to the Peace and Order Council, the President asks that the problem posed by the comic magazines, which had also been severely criticized for their tendency to play up crime and sex stories, be studied.

He requests the Council to set up a study group for this purpose, and to conduct continuous studies on the crime problem. The President asks that these studies, with the recommendations of the Council, be submitted to him periodically.

At the same time, the President orders and investigation of certain members of the armed forces in Cotabato who allegedly failed to assist farmers pleading for their assistance in the face of threats to their lives from lawless elements in the province.

Irked by the reports of the farmers, the President orders:

1. The arrest and prosecution of all persons, who allegedly fired at the members of the Golden Plains Farmers Association occupying disputed lands in Rajah Buayan City. These persons were identified as followers of Conrado Alcantara, a prominent businessman and landowner in Cotabato.

2. The arrest of Alcantara, himself, if it could be established that he had ordered the firing at the members of the farmers’ association.

3. The confiscation of the arms of the persons who had fired at the farmers. The orders of the President are immediately delayed to Col. Wilfrido Estrada, P.C. provincial commander; and Col. Wenceslao Elloso, BCT commander.

According to reports received by the President from the leaders of the farmers, the armed forces men, “refused them assistance” when men, identified to be followers of Alcantara, are firing at them.

The report also states that the farmers’ houses are being demolished or burned by the followers of Alcantara.

In the morning, the President boards an air force helicopter and inspects a number of government projects and checks on their progress.

He visits the Armed Forces pre-fabricated school-building plant in Montalban, Rizal, the Pulong Duhatand the Tabang portions of the 29-kilometer long Manila North diversion road in Bulacan. He views the extent of construction being undertaken at the Guadalupe Bridge, which is being widened to accommodate the heavier flow of traffic along the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue.

President Marcos is cited for his services to the Filipino people, his dedication to the cause of freedom, for his courage in war, and for his vigorous support of legislation to promote the economic and social well-being of the people.

Director Jesus Perpiñan of the Bureau of Private Schools, KR Supreme Commander, presents the decoration of the Chief Executive.

In his speech before the Knights of Rizal, the President declares that the present generation of Filipinos had the capacity and capability to live up to the tradition of greatness set by the national hero, Dr. Jose Rizal.

The President dismisses criticisms that the present generation of Filipinos was a “lost generation and a generation that did not respect its noble tradition.”

“I am confident that these critics are wrong, that this generation of Filipinos can be trusted, that whatever failures we have had in the past can be regained.”

He explains that Rizal remained a symbol that unites the Filipinos and like the national hero, some young men, when the necessity arises, would be willing to offer their lives and honor.

The President calls for vigilance in guarding the freedom enjoyed by Filipinos, saying it was the dream of Rizal. He warns that freedom must be won every day.

“Freedom is never a gift, freedom is not a legacy transmitted to every succeeding generation. Rather it could be lost by indifference,” he states.

He adds: Freedom is a trust fund which must be replenished in every undertaking if it should be handed over to the following generations.”

The Chief Executive explains that the self-denial of Rizal was one source of his greatness. The self-denial according to the President, was best exemplified by the national hero’s forsaking of a good life to protect a great cause – the freedom of the Filipinos.

“Every ideal he has taught the Filipino people must strike everyone because Rizal is not only a hero of the revolution but a hero of all time,” the President avers.

“Let us analyze his ideals and seek to determine in our own time if we could approximate the standard he had set for himself,” the President says.

June 25.—PRESIDENT Marcos orders the cancellation of the contract for the construction of the Guadalupe Bridge, and instructs Undersecretary of Public Works Marciano Bautista to take over the project within 24-hours and finish it in sixty days.

The President issues the directives following a helicopter survey of the highways complex in the Greater Manila Area. The President is accompanied by Rep. Antonio Raquiza and Undersecretary Bautista of Public Works, and Defense Undersecretary Manuel B. Syquio.

He notes the heavy traffic jam along Epifanio de los Santos Highway caused by the bottleneck of the unfinished Guadalupe Bridge.

Under the contract, the private contractor is supposed to complete the bridge last June 19, but to date only 60% has been finished, allegedly because of lack of men and equipment.

The President also deplores the slow pace of the work on the Nagtahan bridge and the Manila City Hall underpass along Taft Avenue. He directs Secretary Bautista to also study the possibility of cancelling the covering contract of these projects and take over the job.

To further ease the flow of traffic in Manila, the President likewise directs Secretary Bautista, Chairman Filemon Rodriguez of the National Economic Council, and Reparations Commissioner Gregorio Abad to undertake the construction of the following projects, with reparations financing:

1.) Two elevated express highways crossing the Pasig from South Manila to Quezon and Caloocan Cities.

2.) Conversion of esteros into streets, instead of utilizing them only for parking space.

3.) Clover leaf interchanges on vital intersections on E. de los Santos from the Balintawak Monument in Caloocan to Pasay in the South.

These three projects are proposed by Secretary designate Raquiza to the President.

The President observes that no amount of fancy street devices or traffic juggling would solve the traffic problem in the area, because Manila, unlike most modern cities in the world which are served by a network of wide boulevards, has scarcity of broad thoroughfares.

He observes further that Manila is one of the big cities of the world saddled with too many cars which has further compounded the traffic problem.

At the same time, the President extends formal recognition to the Republic of Singapore in a message sent to President Yusuf Bin Ishak of Singapore.

The recognition of Singapore completes normalization of Philippine relations with Southeast Asia’s newest states, Malaysia and Singapore, which the President had sought from the start of his administration in an effort to stabilize this country’s ties with other free nations in this part of the world.

In his message to the Singapore chief executive, the President hopes for the continued “cordial and friendly relationship” between two countries, and conveyed the Filipino people’s gratification over the establishment of the new republic.

It may be recalled that President Marcos had vigorously pursued efforts to restore amity between Malaysia and Indonesia, now a reality, while expediting Philippine reestablishment of diplomatic ties with Malaysia which was formally restored last June.

It remained for the Philippines to recognize Singapore to completely normalize relations with Southeast Asian countries who hold common cause with this country.

Singapore was originally a semi-autonomous state by virtue of an Act of the British Parliament passed in 1958. She had full powers to manage her internal affairs but external affairs and defense remained in the hands of the British government. On Sept. 16, 1963, the Federation of Malaysia was formed with Singapore as one of the member states.

However, on August 9, 1965, Singapore, led by Premier Lee Kuan Yew, seceded from the Federation and became a Republic, with Yew as prime minister. From that time on to the formal recognition today, the Philippines and Singapore had no diplomatic ties.

In the morning, the President confers with Col. Osmondo Mondoñedo, RCA administrator, who had just returned from Thailand.

Mondoñedo reports on the results of his mission. He was sent to Thailand in connection with the Philippines’ plan to import rice.

The Chief Executive devotes the rest of the day and evening working on official state papers in the seclusion of his study.

June 26.—PRESIDENT Marcos directs the immediate implementation of a deportation order against two aliens for having extorted money from Chinese businessmen in different parts of the country.

The President issues the directive upon representations made by Ambassador Han Lih-wu, envoy of the Republic of China to the Philippines, and officials of the Federation of Chinese Chambers of Commerce.

Ordered deported are Lu Ka Ik alias Felix Lu and Cheng Tian Lin alias Thomas Cheng Tian Lin. They were found to have extorted from Chinese businessmen a total of P240,000 in Davao City, P16,000 in Zamboanga City and P18,000 in Jolo, Sulu.

The President orders Commissioner of Immigration Samuel F. Reyes to deport the aliens on th first available plane to Taiwan or China.

In the morning, the President boards a helicopter to Camp Olivas, San Fernando, Pampanga where he discusses with provincial and municipal executives, military zone and provincial commanders the Huk problem and the various programs of the administration designed to check the resurgence of activities of dissidents in Central Luzon.

The President leaves Malacañang 8:30 a.m. accompanied by Defense Undersecretaries Alfonso Arellano and Manuel B. Syquio, Ernesto Maceda, presidential assistant on community development, Health Secretary Paulino Garcia and Brig. Gen. Segundo Velasco, and arrives 30 minutes later in San Fernando.

Right after receiving the honors, the President is closeted with top defense officials, who gives him a briefing on the extent of Huk activity and the over-all peace and order situation in Central Luzon.

The President spends three hours in frank discussions with governor, other provincial other provincial officials and municipal mayors from Tarlac, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga and Bulacan, on the Huk activities as well as the problem of cattle rusting.

Following the discussion, the President inducts the offers of the Pampanga Mayors’ League.

Then after the induction rites, the President returns to Malacañang arriving there at 3:30 p.m.

In the evening, the President hears mass with members of his family at the Palace chapel.

June 27.—THE President suspends the issuance of licenses to new insurance companies as he ordered tighter control of insurance operations in the face of irregularities in bail bonds which have contributed to the encouragement of crime.

The directives are relayed to the insurance commissioner, who was also required to investigate the bail bonding operations of insurance firms, with a view to cancelling the licenses of those firms unable to meet their obligations.

The President takes this step in an attempt to stop the malpractice of insurance companies with scarce financial resources who indiscriminately put up bail for large sums, then fail to settle up when those bailed out disappear. The practice has been extremely costly to the government in defaulted payments.

His attention is called to this laxity in government supervision of insurance companies, during the recent anti-crime conference in Malacañang. This revelation followed closely the reports that millions of pesos were lost to the government in customs surety bonds, when insurance companies guaranteeing the bonds pleaded insolvency.

A parallel is pointed out in the bail bond operations for persons charged with felonies, where insurance companies are quick to put up bail, thus liberating criminals from police custody. Then when the bail is forfeited by the disappearance of the persons charged, or because of violations of the bail regulations, the insurance companies involved cannot make good the bonds.

He instructs the insurance commissioner that he should supervise more strictly the operations of insurance companies, with emphasis on curbing shady bail bond practices.

At the same time, the President orders armed forces authorities to immediately implement his order to screen the personnel of the Philippine Constabulary to improve the quality of the force.

The President directs that the screening of the PC soldiers in the Central Luzon area be given top priority, pointing out that any abuses or misconduct on their part would adversely affect the civic action programs of the administration for the region.

The Chief Executive’s order for the screening of the constabulary soldiers is a reiteration of a directive, issued earlier by him for the weeding out of undesirable elements in police agencies, both national and local, to bolster the peace and order drive.

In reiterating the order, the President states:

“Any injustice committed now by any soldier can be blown up into a big cause for lack of confidence, not only in the armed forces, but in the government.”

“Hence, the armed forces should screen its personnel immediately and remove those who should be removed,” the President says.

With barely two weeks before the opening of school, the President reviews the progress made so far in the prefabricated school building program.

He confers with Budget Commissioner Faustino Sy-Changco on the matter of finacing the program. After meeting the budget commissioner this morning the President orders the release of P1.5 million to hasten the construction of the units earmarked or distribution this school year.

In the afternoon, the President receives another honorary doctorate degree this time from the Philippine Women’s University.

He is likewise the principal speaker at the rites inaugurating Helen Z. Benitez as President of the Philippine Women’s University.

In his extemporaneous speech, the President calls on the centers off thought, the universities, to help bring to fulfillment the revolution of great expectation which he said is manifested in the nation today.

“It is only in the universities,” the President avers, “that there can be an objective appraisal of the problems of the nation,” and it is only through scholarship that there can be a serious study made of these problems free of partisan influence.

He declares that the PWU is in a position of leadership, because it is a center of learning for Filipino women, and “women are soul and heart of a nation.”

The nation, therefore, he stresses, looks to the PWU for the soul of the Filipino race, not only because it is a Women’s university but because of its achievements in molding Filipino women and its tradition of leadership in national affairs.

“We are determined as a nation,” the Chief Executive points out, “to correct the mistakes and abuses of the part,” and to prove true to the expectations to the leaders who went before, “those who had hoped that the generations following them will seek to attain national objectives with the power of God had given them.”

On the challenge of the PWU president for the nation to create an academic consortium, the President states that such a movement is now shaping up with a base of 300 men and women from the academic community, at the University of the Philippines.

June 28.—TAKING note of continuing reports of overloading – and in consideration of numerous incidents in the past where overloaded vessels floundered or sank causing the death of passengers and crewmen, President Marcos takes a crackdown on overloading of passengers by interisland vessels with a strong directive to the commissioner of customs and the Philippine Navy command to prosecute government personnel involved in this irregularity and to cancel the licenses of overloaded vessels.

Long considered as one of the black marks against local shipping, the overloading of coastwise vessels has been the target of public criticism over the years. But the connivance between customs personnel and shipping operators has made possible the continuance of the practice.

In his directive, the President mentions the fact that his collusion has become so brazen that it is often conducted openly. Such an incident, in the port of Catbalogan City is pointed out by the President, wherein many people witnessed customs officials bargaining with shippers on the amount of the bribe.

In view of this, the President instructs the customs commissioner to “exercise the strictest supervision to prevent the overloading of interisland vessels.” He requires the customs chief to “insure that customs employees involved in this venality are immediately suspended and administratively or criminally charged.”

His instructions to the navy is to make a headcount of passengers leaving or entering ports, in Manila and elsewhere, and recommend the cancellation of licenses of vessels violating the regulations against overloading.

At the same time, the President gives the go-signal for the department of national defense to proceed with the recruitment of additional men for the Philippine Constabulary and the armed Forces Engineer Corps.

Under the plan, the present strength of the PC, about 16,000 men and officers, will be increased by some 1,000 men. According to military estimates, the constabulary command has to have at least 25,000 men to effectively cope with its mission of maintaining peace and order.

The President spends the whole day and night working on state papers in the seclusion of his study.

June 29.—DECLARING that “deportees must be made to feel that they cannot defy Philippine laws at will,” President Marcos orders the detention of Ang Cho Kio and directs the Department of Justice to look into the possibility of making the alien deportee serve the mandatory portion of his prison term, after which he should be immediately deported.

Ang Cho Kio was sentenced to life imprisonment for the slaying of the co-pilot and purser of a Philippine Air Lines plane which he hijacked and tried to bring to Red China in 1952, arrive in Manila last Sunday under the assumed name of Ang Ming Huy.

The Chinese was pardoned by the then President Garcia in 1959 on the condition that he should never return to the Philippines. His presence here broke such condition. He was nabbed by immigration authorities in a hotel in Parañaque, Rizal and is now under detention by the bureau of immigration on Engineer Island.

Ang claimed another identity, saying he was a businessman on his way to the United States. He was scheduled to leave by plane this morning but had stayed over following up a petition for the extention on his stay to 14 days.

He made headlines in 1952 when he shot and killed Capt. Pedro Perlas and Eduardo Diego, co-pilot and purser, respectively, of the PAL plane. The plane was intercepted by Nationalist planes and forced to land on Quemoy where Ang was nabbed and turned over to the Philippine Government. He was tried for murder, attempted homicide, coercion and illegal possession of firearms and sentenced to life imprisonment.

However, in 1959, after serving over six years of his term, he was granted by then President Garcia on condition that he be deported to China and that he was never to return to the Philippines.

The President flies in the morning to Tacloban City to join the First Lady, Mrs. Imelda R. Marcos, who went to that city as guest of honor at the provincial kick-off ceremony for the “Alay Kay Magsaysay.”

He leaves Manila at 8:30 a.m. and arrives there at 10:15, or 15 minutes after the arrival of the First Lady. He is met at the airport by the First Lady at the head of large welcoming delegation of her province mates.

At 11:30 a.m., the President officiates at the inauguration of the House of Refreshments at the city’s children’s playground. Then he addresses the executive seminar for barrio captains which were being held at Tacloban.

In his brief remarks to the barrio captains the President appeals for their support in the tremendous job of nation building. He states the help of the rural leaders was essential, pointing out that nation building must draw support from the rural community and leadership.

“Without your support and cooperation,” he says, “the national leadership cannot hope to succeed.”

He concludes that it is necessary for the nation to remember the greatness of its heroes.

From there, he motors to Tolosa, Leyte, the hometown of the First Lady. He arrives there after a 45-minutes motor ride.

June 30.—IN Tolosa, Leyte, the President focuses his attention on the problems of the fishing industry and in the process orders the National Bureau of Investigation to probe the illegal sale of chloride to dynamite fishermen.

The Chief Executive directs the NBI to ascertain the extent of the illegal trade in the chemical, the quantity of the supply, and its uses.

He likewise orders Justice Undersecretary Claudio Teehankee to prepare an order to be issued by the President regulating the possession and the sale of the chemical to fishermen who can convert it into explosive for dynamite fishing purposes.

In his directive, the President orders Col. Vicente Raval, Third PC zone commander, to hold the chemical which was earlier impounded, although Cebu City Judge Maambun had ordered its release. He says the government will appeal the decision of the city court.

Raval is also ordered by the President to hold the release of 325 big barrels of potassium chloride belonging to a Chinese businessman identified as Joaquin Ventura, pending verification of the ownership and the case of the chemicals.

At the same time, the President issues a proclamation declaring Friday, July 1, as a special public holiday in the provinces of Cotabato, Lanao del Sur, Lanao del Norte and Sulu, and the cities of Basilan, Cotabato, Ilagan and Marawi.

The Chief Executive proclaims the special holiday in connection with the Muslim feast of Mauleed-en-Nabi, an important Muslim feast.

He states he would like to give Muslim Filipinos ample opportunity to observe the feast day with appropriate ceremonies.

Muslim officials and employees, both of the national and local governments, stationed in provinces other than those mentioned in the proclamation will be exempted from their duties this feast day which will be considered a holiday insofar as they are concerned.

Source: Supreme Court Library

Office of the President of the Philippines. (1966). Official Week in Review. Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines, 62(31), cclxi-cclxxvii.