PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. 1530
INSTITUTING A SYSTEM OF VOLUNTARY CONTRIBUTIONS FOR HOUSING PURPOSES
WHEREAS, a prime concern of the New Society is the quality of human life, which cannot be improved without providing the citizens with sufficient human shelters and structures;
WHEREAS, the Constitution of the Philippines, in its Article II, Section 7, mandates that: “The State shall establish, maintain, and ensure adequate social services in the field of . . . housing . . . to guarantee the enjoyment by the people of a decent standard of living;”
WHEREAS, the government has concentrated its efforts in establishing decent human settlements and in uplifting the conditions in our communities;
WHEREAS, up to this time there exist an acute housing shortage which has remained a persistent problem due to the burgeoning population, the absence of adequate house financing, and increasing construction costs, which place satisfactory housing beyond the reach of the masses;
WHEREAS, there is an urgent need to provide massive financing to help solve the housing problem that impedes national development; and
WHEREAS, the difficulties in house financing may be greatly alleviated by establishing a system of voluntary contributions from government and private employees.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Republic of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution, do hereby order and decree the following:
Section 1. There are hereby created the Home Development Mutual Funds, one for the government employees and the other for private employees.
Section 2. The Fund for government employees shall be established and maintained by the contributions of government employees and the National Government to be administered by the Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) separately from all its other funds.
The Home Development Mutual Fund for private employees shall be established and maintained by the contributions of private employees and their respective employers, to be administered by the Social Security System (SSS). With respect to the government and private employees, their contributions shall be on a voluntary basis, based on three per cent (3%) of their basic salaries. The National Government and the employer concerned shall give a counterpart contribution equivalent to the amount collected from their employees.
Section 3. An employee who contributes to the Fund in accordance with the rules and regulations to be adopted by the GSIS or the SSS, shall be considered a member thereof. He shall be a member of good standing if he is up to date in his monthly contributions. The employee’s contributions shall earn interest annually at such rate as shall be provided in the implementing rules and regulations of this Decree. In case the financial condition of the Fund warrants, as determined by the GSIS or the SSS, dividends from the surplus profits of the Fund may be distributed annually to members of good standing.
Section 4. An employee who is a member of good standing shall be eligible to apply with the Fund for a housing loan, subject to the rules and regulations to be adopted by the GSIS or the SSS.
Section 5. The loan shall be secured by a real estate mortgage. The amount of the loan shall be equivalent to eighty per cent (80%) of the appraised value of the collateral, but not to exceed P80,000.00, subject to the applicant’s paying capacity and such other requirements which may be imposed by the GSIS or the SSS.
Section 6. All moneys of the Fund, as are not needed to meet current administrative and operational requirements, shall be invested with due and prudent regard for the liquidity need of the Fund.
Section 7. The GSIS or the SSS may contribute to the Fund its lands and the housing units thereon, if any at their appraised values for developmental purposes for resale to qualified employees. All contributions of the GSIS or the SSS shall earn interest on a yearly basis as shall be provided in their respective implementing rules and regulations of this Decree.
Section 8. Notwithstanding any provision of existing law, decree executive or administrative order, rule or regulation to the contrary, the Fund, as well as the interests and dividends received by the members thereof, shall be exempt from the payment of any and all forms of taxes, tariffs and duties, fees, imposts and assessments, and other charges, and no law hereafter enacted shall repeal this provision unless it is provided therein that the same is applicable to the Fund by specifically stating its name.
Section 9. The GSIS or the SSS shall advance such amounts necessary for the initial operation of the Fund it respectively administers, which shall also earn interest as provided in Section 7 hereof.
Section 10. In case a member of the Fund is separated from the service by reason of retirement, death, disability, resignation or dismissal, he shall cease to be a member of the Fund, provided, however, that he may continue at the option of the GSIS or the SSS to be a member of the Fund, and provided, further, that in any event, if the separated employee has an existing real estate mortgage loan with the Fund at the time of his separation, the real estate mortgage shall continue to be valid and subsisting until fully liquidated but the member-mortgagor must continue paying monthly contributions based on his last salary received prior to separation.
Section 11. In case an employee ceases to be a member of the Fund due to retirement, death, disability and separation from the service, he shall be entitled to a return of his contributions in accordance with the implementing rules and regulations.
Section 12. The GSIS or the SSS shall respectively promulgate the necessary rules and regulations to implement this Decree.
Section 13. The GSIS or the SSS is hereby authorized to employ such executives and workers as may be necessary for the administration of the Fund and/or for the implementation of the objectives of this Decree. Such executives and workers shall not be subject to the Civil Service Law and the rules and regulations of the Wage and Position Classification Office and Section two hundred fifty-nine of the Revised Administrative Code.
Section 14. Any provision of law, decree, executive order, rule or regulation in conflict with, or contrary to this Decree or its purposes, is hereby repealed or modified accordingly.
Section 15. This Decree shall take effect upon its approval.
Done in the City of Manila, this 11th day of June, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and seventy-eight.
(Sgd.) FERDINAND E. MARCOS
Republic of the Philippines
By the President:
(Sgd.) JACOBO CLAVE
Presidential Executive Assistant
Source: Malacañang Records Office