SECTION 11. Submission of the Budget.—The President shall, in accordance with Section 22(1), article VII of the Constitution, submit within thirty (30) days from the opening of each regular session of the Congress as the basis for the preparation of the General Appropriations Act, a national government budget estimated receipts based on existing and proposed revenue measures, and of estimated expenditures.
The President shall include in the budget submission the proposed expenditure level of the Legislative and Judicial Branches and of Constitutional bodies, which shall have undergone the same process of evaluation and which shall have been subject to the same budgetary policies and standards applicable to agencies in the Executive Branch.
The President may transmit to the Congress from time to time, such proposed supplemental or deficiency appropriations as are, in his judgment, (1) necessary on account of laws enacted after the transmission of the Budget, or (2) otherwise needed in the public interest.
SECTION 12. Form and Content of the Budget.—The budget proposal of the President shall include current operating expenditures and capital outlays. It shall comprise such funds as may be necessary for the operation of the programs, projects and activities of the various departments and agencies. The proposed General Appropriations Act and other Appropriations Acts necessary to cover the budget proposals shall be submitted to the Congress to accompany the President’s budget submission.
The budget shall be presented to the Congress in such form and content as may be approved by the President and may include the following:
(1) A budget message setting forth in brief the government’s budgetary thrusts for the budget year, including their impact on development goals, monetary and fiscal objectives, and generally on the implications of the revenue, expenditure and debt proposals; and
(2) Summary financial statements setting forth:
(a) Estimated expenditures and proposed appropriations necessary for the support of the Government for the ensuing fiscal year, including those financed from operating revenues and from domestic and foreign borrowings;
(b) Estimated receipts during the ensuing fiscal year under laws existing at the time the budget is transmitted and under the revenue proposals, if any, forming part of the year’s financing program;
(c) Actual appropriations, expenditures, and receipts during the last completed fiscal year;
(d) Estimated expenditures and receipts and actual or proposed appropriations during the fiscal year in progress;
(e) Statements of the condition of the National Treasury at the end of the last completed fiscal year, the estimated condition of the Treasury at the end of the fiscal year in progress and the estimated condition of the Treasury at the end of the ensuing fiscal year, taking into account the adoption of financial proposals contained in the budget and showing, at the same time, the unencumbered and unobligated cash resources;
(f) Essential facts regarding the bonded and other long-term obligations and indebtedness of the Government, both domestic and foreign, including identification of recipients of loan proceeds; and
(g) Such other financial statements and data as are deemed necessary or desirable in order to make known in reasonable detail the financial condition of the government.
SECTION 13. Budget Levels.—The ordinary income of government shall be used primarily to provide appropriations for current operations, except in case of a national emergency or serious financial stress, the existence of which has been duly proclaimed by the President.
The level of aggregate revenue expenditure and debt shall be jointly recommended to the President by the Department of Budget and Management, the Department of Finance, the National Economic and Development Authority and the Central Bank of the Philippines, acting within the Development Budget Coordination Committee of the National Economic and Development Authority.
No appropriations for current operations and capital outlays of the Government shall be proposed unless the amount involved is covered by the ordinary income, or unless it is supported by a proposal creating additional sources of funds or revenue, including those generated from domestic and foreign borrowings, sufficient to cover the same. Likewise, no appropriation for any expenditure, the amount of which is not covered by the estimated income from the existing sources of revenue or available current surplus, may be proposed, unless it is supported by a proposal creating an additional source of funds sufficient to cover the same.
Proposals creating additional sources of funds shall be prepared in the form of revenue bills.
The provisions of this section shall not be construed as impairing in any way the power of the Congress to enact revenue and appropriation bills, nor the authority of the President to propose special revenue and appropriation bills after the submission of the budget.
SECTION 14. Budget Estimates.—Each head of department, office or agency of the National Government, including the Legislative and Judicial Branches, and including government owned or controlled corporations, shall submit his request for appropriations to the Department of Budget in accordance with the budget calendar, format, and such rules and regulations as may be issued in implementation of this Decree.
The budget estimates of agencies include the following information:
(1) Objectives, functions, activities, programs and projects showing the general character and relative importance of the work to be accomplished or the services to be rendered, and the principal elements of cost involved;
(2) Linkage of the work and financial proposals to approved development plans;
(3) Estimated current operating expenditures and capital outlays, with comparative data for the preceding and current budget years;
(4) Identification by region, pursuant to policies on the regionalization of government operations;
(5) Financial sources, reflecting all revenues, proceeds of foreign and domestic borrowings, and other sources, particularly those which accrue to the General Fund;
(6) Contingent liabilities, including national government guarantees of obligations of government-owned or controlled corporations and their subsidiaries;
(7) Brief description of the major thrusts and priority programs and projects for the budget year, results expected for each budgetary program and project, the nature of work to be performed, estimated costs per unit of work measurement, including the various objects of expenditure for each project;
(8) Organization charts and staffing patterns indicating the list of existing and proposed positions with corresponding salaries, and proposals for position classification and salary changes, duly supported by adequate justification.
SECTION 15. Regional Budget.—The Budgets of national government agencies shall be prepared taking into full and careful consideration the opportunities and requirements specific to the various regions of the country. Where they are organized, regional offices shall originate agency budget proposals, in accordance with approved priorities and guidelines.
Agencies which are not regionalized shall nonetheless estimate the amounts planned to be spent for each region of the country.
The Secretary shall identify by region the expenditure programs of the national government agencies in the national government budget, and release funds to national government agencies in accordance with the approved regional distribution of expenditures, specifying the region of destination.
Departments and agencies shall sub-allot in full and without the imposition of reserves, the approved budget allocation of their various regional offices, except as may be authorized by the Secretary, in case realignment of expenditures prove to be necessary in the course of budget execution. The Secretary shall issue the rules and regulations needed to implement the provisions of this section.
SECTION 16. Budget Evaluation.—Agency proposals shall be reviewed on the basis of their own merits and not on the basis of a given percentage or peso increase or decrease from a prior year’s budget level, or other similar rule of thumb that is not based on specific justification. Proposed activities, whether new or ongoing, shall be evaluated using a zero-base approach and on the basis of (1) relationship with the approved development plan, (2) agency capability as demonstrated by past performance, (3) complemental role with related activities of other agencies, and (4) other similar criteria. The realization of savings in a given budget year and the consequent non-utilization of funds appropriated or released to a given agency shall not be a negative factor in the budget evaluation for a subsequent year.
SECTION 17. Foreign-Assisted Projects.—The budgetary implications of foreign-assisted projects shall be explicitly considered at the time of project design and financing negotiation. The project study shall specify the cash flow requirements of the project, among others, for (1) payment of principal and interest, (2) peso component of capital costs and project preparation, (3) infrastructure and support facilities needed to be directly financed by government, (4) operating and other expenditures which will be ultimately required for General Fund support when the project is implemented, and (5) peso requirements needed as counterpart. The concurrence of the Department of Budget and Management shall be obtained with respect to peso requirements and implication on expenditure ceilings.
SECTION 18. Coordinating Bodies.—The budgets of coordinating agencies, councils, task forces, authorities, committees, or other similar bodies shall be limited to and used to fund only such planning, coordinating and monitoring functions as are assigned to it. Funds for implementation shall be budgeted and released to the line implementing agencies concerned: provided, that the budgets of coordinating bodies may include a lump-sum for purposes related to their assigned functions, which lump-sum shall be sub-allotted to implementing agencies and not used by the agency for its own operations: provided, further, that funds budgeted for a given agency falling within the jurisdiction of a coordinating body, may be subject to release upon approval by the coordinating agency of such release or of the agency’s work program.
SECTION 19. Budgetary Requirements of Government-Owned or Controlled Corporations.—The internal operating budgets of government-owned or controlled corporations and of chartered institutions shall be approved by their respective governing boards in accordance with a budget calendar and format as may be approved by the President: Provided, that such budgets shall be subject to review and approval as part of the budget process in cases where national government budgetary support is needed, in terms of (a) capital or equity inputs, (b) operating contributions to support specific activities undertaken by the institution as part of its regular functions, and (c) guarantee of the national government for obligations or contracts entered into by the corporations: provided, further, that the submission of interim financial statements may be required by the Secretary.
SECTION 20. Tax and Duty Exemption.—All units of government, including government-owned or controlled corporations, shall pay income taxes, customs duties and other taxes and fees as are imposed under revenue law: provided, that organizations otherwise exempted by law for the payment of such taxes/duties may ask for a subsidy from the General Fund in the exact amount of taxes/duties due: Provided, further, that a procedure shall be established by the Secretary of Finance and the Secretary of the Budget, whereby such subsidies shall automatically be considered as both revenue and expenditure of the General Fund.
SECTION 21. Appropriation for Personal Services.—Appropriations for personal services shall be considered as included in the amount specified for each budgetary program and project of each department, bureau, office or agency, and shall not be itemized. The itemization of personal services shall be prepared by the Secretary for consideration and approval of the President as provided in Section 23 hereof: Provided, That the itemization of personal services shall be prepared for all agencies of the Legislative, Executive and Judicial Branches and the Constitutional bodies, except as may be otherwise approved by the President for positions concerned with national security matters.
SECTION 22. Department Approval of Proposed Appropriations.—No legislative proposal which, if enacted, would authorize subsequent appropriations, shall be transmitted to the President by any bureau or agency, without the prior approval of the Head of the Department concerned or by the Chairman or Chief Executive Officer of a Cabinet level body which coordinates the multi-sectoral formulation and implementation of a particular program of expenditure involving one or more departments. No legislative proposal involving the appropriation of funds shall be transmitted to the Congress without the approval of the President.