70th Anniversary of the End of the Second World War

“With the formal surrender of the Japanese Empire today, September 2, 1945, the long and terrible war is at an end. President Truman, speaking on behalf of all the United Nations, has proclaimed this day as V-J Day. The surrender of Japan marks the turning point for us and for the peoples of all the United Nations.”

Message of President Sergio Osmeña to the Filipino people on V-J Day, September 2, 1945

TIMELINE

Key events during the World War II in the Philippines

PHOTO GALLERY

Original scans of historical photographs taken during the Second World War

ARCHIVAL VIDEOS

View footage of some scenes of World War II in the Philippines

COMMONWEALTH

On November 15, 1935, the Filipino people took the penultimate step to independence with the inauguration of the Commonwealth of the Philippines

FALL OF BATAAN

On April 9, 1942, officials in command of Bataan—where Filipino and American forces maintained the main resistance in the war against the Japanese—formally surrendered

FALL OF CORREGIDOR

On May 6, 1942, Corregidor Island, the island fortress at the entrance of Manila Bay, fell to the Japanese Imperial Army

SECOND REPUBLIC

The Second Philippine Republic was established on October 14, 1943 with Jose P. Laurel as President

LEYTE LANDING

On October 20, 1944, American forces landed on Red Beach in the municipality of Palo, roughly 14 kilometers from Tacloban

BATTLE OF LEYTE GULF

The Battle of Leyte Gulf is the largest naval battle in the Pacific, and the largest naval battle in recorded history

BATTLE OF MANILA

The battle for the liberation of Manila—waged from February 3 to March 3, 1945, between Philippine and American forces, and the Imperial Japanese forces

REPUBLIC DAY

Every year, on July 4, we commemorate the foundation of the Republic of the Philippines

RESOURCES

Statements by President Osmeña on the end of the Second World War

Acknowledgments

The Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office and the Presidential Museum and Library would like to thank the following for their invaluable help and assistance in this project: Mr. Jose Custodio, Dr. Benito J. Legarda Jr., Dr. Ricardo T. Jose, Mr. Paulo Alcazaren, Mr. Robert Hudson, Ambassador Juan Jose Rocha, Mrs. Sylvia Lichauco de Leon, Mr. John Tewell, Mr. Lou Gopal, Mr. Jun Dagmang, Mr. Manuel Angelo Carreon II, Mr. Daniel Enrique Ladioray, Mr. Ted Estacio, Ms. Lorelei Stewart Mayer, Javier Family, ITS Seattle Pacific Flickr, StudioBob Flickr, British Pathé, Manuel Roxas Foundation, Gerry Roxas Foundation, Philippine Republic Stamps Blog, Department of National Defense, National Historical Commission of the Philippines, National Museum of the Philippines, The Philippine Veterans Affairs Office (LtGen. Ernesto G. Carolina AFP (Ret) and Mrs. Maria Juanita S. Fajardo-Rivera), Araw ng Kagitingan and Philippine Veterans Week Technical Working Committee, Memorare Manila 1945 Foundation, Tiger Films Productions, Filipinas Heritage Library, Lopez Museum and Library, Ortigas Foundation Library, Mario Feir Filipiniana Library Heritage, Conservation Society, National Parks Development Committee, TIME Inc., Defenders of Bataan and Corregidor, VCRT MacArthur Forum, Inc., and the Battle of Manila Online website.

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