Press Statement: President Quezon on explaining why there can be no Acting President in the absence of the President of the Philippines from the National Territory

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Press Statement of President Manuel L. Quezon:
On explaining why there can be no Acting President in the absence of the President of the Philippines from the National Territory

[Released on December 7, 1936]

Under the Constitution, in the absence of the President of the Philippines from the national territory, there can be no Acting President. Wherever be goes, the President carries with him the authority and powers of his Office and he can exercise them as fully and as if he were in his Office at the capital of the nation. There will, therefore, be no Acting President during my absence from the Philippines and the Government will continue to be run and its official affairs transacted in the same manner as they are when I am in the Philippines.

Each Secretary of Department will attend and decide matters pertaining to his department which under the law he has authority to decide. To those that require my approval, if necessitating urgent action, my consent can be had by cable. Of other departmental business, which although within the province of a Secretary of Department are of such importance or affect the general policies of the Government in such a way that the Department head thinks he should consult me, the Secretary may also communicate with me by cable.

In my absence, the cabinet may hold its weekly meetings to consider routine matters under the presidency of the Vice-President. Such official business as is ordinarily carried on in my Office under the signature of the Secretary to the President shall continue to be transacted as heretofore.

Should a case arise in which the personal signature of the president is required and the matter has been consulted and decided by me, the Vice-President, after writing my name above his signature, may authenticate the document with his own signature, for and in behalf of the president.

Source: University Archives, University of the Philippines Diliman Library