Proclamation No. 173, s. 1937

MALACAÑAN PALACE
MANILA

BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES

PROCLAMATION NO. 173

ENJOINING ALL BRANCHES, SUBDIVISIONS, AGENCIES, AND INSTRUMENTALITIES OF THE COMMONWEALTH GOVERNMENT TO EXTEND THEIR COOPERATION IN RENDERING THE NECESSARY AID TO THE REFUGEES FROM CHINA AND PROHIBITING, AS AN EMERGENCY MEASURE, THE RAISE IN HOUSE RENTALS AND PRICES OF FOODSTUFFS AND OTHER PRIME NECESSITIES OF LIFE.

Whereas, in view of the unsettled conditions in certain sections of China, American and Filipino residents in that country have sought refuge in the Philippines; and

Whereas, many of these refugees are women and children and find themselves in need of assistance;

Now, therefore, I, Manuel L. Quezon, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by law, do hereby proclaim that a state of emergency exists in the City of Manila, City of Baguio, the Province of Rizal, and the Mountain Province, and do hereby prohibit the hoarding of foodstuffs and prime necessities of life and the holding of them for sale at prices twenty-five per cent or more higher than the prices which were current in the different localities one month before the date of this proclamation. The prohibition in this proclamation shall also apply to house rentals.

I do hereby enjoin all branches, subdivisions, agencies, and instrumentalities of the Commonwealth Government and every inhabitant of the Philippines to cooperate in extending whatever aid may be necessary for the safety and care of these refugees and in the enforcement of the provisions of this proclamation.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the Commonwealth of the Philippines to be affixed.

Done at the City of Manila, this twenty-first day of August, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and thirty-seven, and of the Commonwealth of the Philippines, the second.

MANUEL L. QUEZON
President of the Philippines

By the President:
ELPIDIO QUIRINO
Secretary of the Interior

Source: Legislative Library, House of Representatives