Declaration of Four Nations on General Security, October 30, 1943



At a conference held in Moscow from the 19th to the 30th of October, 1943, the Foreign Secretaries of the United States of America, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and China adopted the following joint declaration:

The Governments of the United States of America, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, and China:

United in their determination, in accordance with the Declaration by the United Nations of January 1, 1942, and subsequent declarations, to continue hostilities against those Axis powers with which they respectively are at war until such powers have laid down their arms on the basis of unconditional surrender; conscious of their responsibility to secure the liberation of themselves and the peoples allied with them from the menace of aggression;

Recognizing the necessity of insuring a rapid and orderly transition from war to peace and of establishing and maintaining international peace and security with the least diversion of the world’s human and economic resources armaments;

Jointly declare:

  1. That their united action, pledged for the prosecution of the war against their respective enemies, will be continued for the organization and maintenance of peace and security.
  2. That those of them at war with a common enemy will act together in all matters relating to the surrender and disarmament of that enemy.
  3. That they will take all measures deemed by them to be necessary to provide against any violation of the terms imposed upon the enemy.
  4. That they recognize the necessity of establishing at the earliest practicable date a general international organization, based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all peace-loving states, and open to membership of all such states, large and small, for the maintenance of international peace and security.
  5. That for the purpose of maintaining international peace and security pending the reestablishment of law and order and the inauguration of a system of general security, they will consult with one another and as occasion requires with other members of the United Nations with a view to joint action on behalf of the community of nations.
  6. That after the termination of hostilities they will not employ their military forces within the territories of other states except for the purposes envisaged in this declaration and after joint consultation.
  7. That they will confer and coöperate with one another and with other members of the United Nations to bring about a practicable general agreement with respect to the regulation of armaments in the post-war period.


MOSCOW, October 30, 1943.

Source: Presidential Museum and Library