Official Month in Review: August 1952

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August 1:

The President urged the people to adopt a spirit of internationalism and contribute to the establishment of world peace and stability, in a speech at the inauguration of the 45-bell carillon of the University of the Philippines.

“We are not going to be an isolated nation satisfied with local conditions and confining our attention to our limited sphere of influence and by counting every day as the bells of this carillon peal the spirit of service as well as of achievement. There must be a new spirit to be created here which is responsive to world atmosphere,” the President said. (See Historical Papers and Documents, pp. 3291–3293, for full text of the speech.)

The President named three delegates to Mexico to negotiate and conclude an air agreement between the Philippines and that country. The delegates named were Eduardo Quintero, counselor in the legal affairs division of the Department of Foreign Affairs, Daniel Gomez, executive secretary of the Philippines Airlines; and Alejandro Albert, deputy administrator of the Civil Aeronautics Administration. The delegates will pass by India on their return trip from Mexico to seek modification of the air agreement between the Philippines and India.

August 2:

The President had a conference with U. S. Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas, Secretary of Foreign Affairs Joaquin M. Elizalde, Secretary of Education Cecilio Putong, Social Welfare Administrator Asuncion A. Perez, Dr. James Yen, Dean Conrado Benitez, PHILCUSA Chairman Jose Yulo, and Ambassador Raymond Spruance, on the mass education program in the Philippines. Justice Douglas lauded the work started in the Philippines by the President on social amelioration and rural progress. He said that if the PACSA’s social amelioration program is fully carried out, the country will be a wonderful show-case for all countries in Asia in meeting the problems of communism.

The President appointed Joaquin Maranon ad interim director of the Institute of Science and Technology, vice Angel S. Arguelles, deceased. Cesario de Leon, administrative officer of the Department of Labor, was also appointed ad interim workmen’s compensation commissioner. Jose Fernandez was reappointed ad interim member of the NDC board of directors and Jose L. Manzano ad interim member of the board of directors of the Philippines Sugar Institute. The two reappointments were for another term of three years, both expiring on June 30, 1955.

August 3:

Implementing his land-for-the-landless program, the President ordered the director of lands to subdivide 3,500 hectares of land in Davao for distribution to individual settlers there. The land to be subdivided is part of the landholdings of the Philippine Abaca Development Company, as successors in interest to J. H. Marshman, embraced in the Davao Penal Colony Reservation. The President’s action was based on a cabinet decision made last June wherein the landholdings of the PADCO have been reduced from 7,500 to 4,000 hectares.

August 4:

The President issued Executive Order No. 520, increasing the allowance of government pensionados abroad for the purchase of books and school supplies from $50 to $100 a year. The order was issued in view of the great increase since liberation of the cost of textbooks and supplies for colleges and universities here and abroad. The President also issued Proclamation No. 331, declaring August 19 this year a special public holiday. The proclamation, moreover, designated the 19th of August of every year as Citizenship Day, being the birth anniversary of the late President Manuel L. Quezon.

August 5:

Malacañan announced the release of P762,000 for the construction, repair, and maintenance of various public works projects including portworks, waterworks, and river control projects. Of the sum approved for release, P476,000 has been allocated for river control projects in different areas of Luzon and Mindanao, with the Pasig River control sharing the sum of P100,000. The sum of P96,000 will be employed for the investigation, survey, construction, repair, reconstruction, extension, and improvement of the water supply systems in Cagayan, La Union, and Mountain Province. The remaining balance of P190,000 has been allotted for portworks, particularly for the repair, maintenance, and dredging of the port of Manila, for drydocking and maintenance and repair of units of floating equipment.

The President signed a proclamation declaring the period from August 13 to September 12, 1952, as Philippine Tourist Month. The purpose of the proclamation is to make the country tourist conscious by informing the public fully of the benefits to be derived from a program of tourist promotion and development.

During the Cabinet meeting, the President ordered the Land Settlement and Development Corporation to transfer its main offices to Mindanao in order to speed up the settlement of public lands in that island. The order came after inducting into office the chairman and two members of the board of directors of the LASEDECO at the Council of State room at 11 a.m. The LASEDECO officials inducted into office were: Eugenio Baltao, chairman, and Mrs. Yay Marking and Agustin O. Casenas, members. The President also administered the oath of office to Ricardo LI. Rosal, deputy governor of the Lions International, as mayor of Cavite City.

The President signed House Bill No. 2884 which amends the new Internal Revenue Code imposing specific tax on cigarettes. The new law raises the tax on Virginia cigarettes from P3.50 to P6.00 a 1,000, thus eliminating the tax brackets of P3.50 and P8.00 as presently prescribed by the amended law. The new law also decreases the tax on purely native cigarettes by P1.00 a 1,000.

August 6:

The President directed the Department of Foreign Affairs and the Commissioner of the Budget to study the question of continuing with the UNESCO office in Manila, following reports of the possibility that the office might be closed unless the Philippine government is in a position to share in the financial obligations of maintaining the office. It would require the Philippine government $10,700 or P21,400 to finance the salaries and technical staff to be recruited locally, and to pay the rent and upkeep of the UNESCO office in Manila.

Following his two-hour tour of different flooded areas in the city, the President ordered the Department of Public Works to rush work on various flood control projects being undertaken by the government to safeguard Manila against recurrent floods during the rainy season. The President visited the flooded areas in Sampaloc, Tondo, Malate, Ermita, Paco and Sta. Ana which had been under water for the last few days owing to continuous heavy rains.

Malacañan announced that the Government is now operating on a balanced budget and that the liquidation of the national deficit of P173,263,065 is expected to be covered in five years. Basis of the Palace prediction was the report of the Budget Commissioner submitted to Congress which showed the last year’s income exceeding the total expenditure by P183,266,389.37.

August 7:

The President issued a proclamation declaring all government offices as well as schools and colleges in Manila, public and private, closed for the rest of the day beginning 12 o’ clock noon, because the flood which had inundated city streets the past few days was expected to rise higher owing to high tide.

Malacañan reiterated a ruling that a pre-war employee of the government who had been granted prior to December 8, 1941, an indefinite leave of absence, without pay, owing to ill health is not entitled to backpay The ruling in effect turned down the petition for reconsideration of the case of Leon Annogui, a pre-war teacher now confined in the Central Luzon Leprosarium in Tala, Novaliches. He never reported for duty from December 6, 1941, up to the present.

The President indicated that henceforth United Nations scholars and fellows coming from this country should be required to take a competitive examination to be given by the Bureau of Civil Service so as to get the best men available. The suggestion put forward by Malacañan is to require applicants for the UN scholarships and fellowships to take a brief test which would consist of a brief thesis in the fields covered by the applicants. The applicants would also be rated on their educational qualifications, experience, and training and would be subjected to a thorough interview with a committee appointed by the President.

The President signed an executive order banning the importation of slide fasteners, mounted zipper chains, and cotton yarns. They were among the 23 items recommended banned by the Import Control Commission.

August 8:

In the afternoon, at 5:40, the President administered the oath of office to Dr. Joaquin Maranon as ad interim Director of the Institute of Science and Technology. He also inducted into office Cesario de Leon and Mrs. Nieves Baens del Rosario as Commissioner and Deputy Commissioner respectively of the Workmen’s Compensation Commission.

Following the oath-taking ceremonies, the President presided over the Cabinet meeting. During the meeting he ordered the prosecution of persons exporting centrifugal sugar in the guise of muscovado or mixed with molasses so as to make it look like muscovado sugar. The order came after the President had inquired during the cabinet meeting into reports of big shipments of muscovado sugar to Japan which was very much in excess of the total production of this grade of sugar. The President also ordered the reinstatement of Vicente G. Bunuan as Sugar Quota Administrator effective immediately.

During the cabinet meeting, the President, moreover, amended the composition of the integrity board so as to be composed of Justice Luis P. Torres, chairman; Justice Mariano H. de Joya, Atty. Jose P. Bengzon, Solicitor General Juan R. Liwag, and Mrs. Pilar Hidalgo-Lim, members. Dr. Jose A. de Jesus continues as executive secretary.

The President also created a committee of five to consider a proposition that the Tuazon Shipping Lines undertake the salvage of sunken ships in Manila Bay. The salvaged vessels will be taken to Japan to be exchanged with passenger ships. The ships will be leased to the Tuazon Lines under the terms similar to that given to the de la Rama Steamship Company which leased three vessels from the National Development Company. The committee is composed of Secretaries Joaquin M. Elizalde, Aurelio Montinola, and Cornelio Balmaceda; Economic Coordinator Administrator Mariano J. Cuenco; and Budget Commissioner Pio Joven.

August 9:

Adoption of the latest system of radio communications for the Bureau of Telecommunications was proposed to the President by Public Works Secretary Pablo Lorenzo. The cost of the project was estimated at some $3.5 million to be undertaken under the MSA assistance program, with the Philippine Government providing the necessary counterpart fund amounting to P1,536,000 over a period of three years. The proposal calls for the establishment and operation of micro-wave and television stations in the Philippines. The micro-wave and television project will provide, among other things, a modem radio communication circuit which will allow the simultaneous and independent use of the system by the different agencies of the government. The proposed project will provide the installation of three televisions stations: one in Manila, one in Iloilo, and one in Cebu. It will also provide a micro-wave communication on network that will link Manila with Southern Luzon, the Visayas, and Northern Mindanao, touching practically all important centers of communication network in the area.

The President was presented with a resolution of gratitude and loyalty by the faculty, student body, and alumni of the Philippine School of Commerce for granting the school full college status. Some 200 members of the alumni and the faculty of the school called on the President to express their appreciation for elevating the status of their school, with the signing into law of House Bill No. 2494 (Senate Bill No. 257), granting the PCC a charter to operate as a full-fledge college. The President, in his brief extemporaneous remarks, said that he approved the bill “not because it was necessary to elevate it (the Philippine School of Commerce), but because the people who have graduated from it have made that institution worthy of being made a college.”

August 10:

The President took another step forward in his economic development program by issuing a proclamation reserving four parcels of land in Iligan City for purposes drawn up by the National Power Corporation. All these parcels of land with an aggregate area of 2,074,971 square meters will be used for a hydro-electric plant site, camp sites, fertilizer plant site, wharfage, and other purposes. In another proclamation, 26,765 square meters of the public domain in Butuan City was reserved for boulevard purposes.

The President gave Defense Secretary Ramon Magsaysay “the go signal for an all out drive against the Sulu outlaws. The directive was given when Secretary Magsaysay called on the Chief Executive at the Palace to report on the “double cross” played in Jolo by the notorious Moro outlaw, Hadji Kamlon, on the army when he made his escape.

August 11:

A 12-man committee to take charge of the celebration of National Heroes Day on Sunday, August 31, 1952, was created by the President in an administrative order. The committee is composed of Education Secretary Cecilio Putong, chairman; Dr. Leoncio B. Monson, president of the Philippine Association of Colleges and Universities, vice chairman; General Emilio Aguinaldo, Jorge B. Vargas, Col. Jaime N. Ferrer, Judge Antonio Quirino, Faustino Aguilar, Mrs. Concepcion B. Gonzalez, Mrs. Concepcion Henares, Juan Nakpil, and Col. Dionisio Ojeda, members. Dr Patrocinio Valenzuela, dean of the College of Pharmacy, U. P., is the executive Secretary of the committee.

August 12:

The President signed an executive order during the cabinet meeting calculated to protect local industries. The order, which was recommended by the Office of Economic Coordination, requires all government offices, including the armed forces, to buy all their requirements for clothing materials from the National Development Company textile mills.

The “Texas Good Neighbor Delegation” composed of ten charming clubwomen headed by Mrs. Preston H. Dial, Mother of Texas of 1950, called at Malacañan at 10:45 a.m. to pay their respects to the President. The delegation presented the Chief Executive with a scroll of goodwill from the governor of Texas making him honorary citizen of that biggest state in the American union. He was also given a lone star flag of the former Texas republic as a symbol of his honorary citizenship. Shortly before the termination of the call, Mrs. Dial also presented the President with two scholarships for two bright students whom the government would like to send to Texas University. The delegation arrived in Manila on August 8, 1952, in the course of their goodwill tour of principal cites in the Far East. The President told the delegation that their coming to the Philippines has made us “closer not only to America but to the world at large in our efforts to contribute to the maintenance of peace in the world today.” (See Historical Papers and Documents, pp. 3293–3295, for full text of the extemporaneous response.)

August 13:

The President signed House Bill No. 3196, granting permit to construct maintain, and operate a radio broadcasting station in Cebu City to Ricardo Rocha. While the new law does not require previous censorship of any broadcast, it contains a proviso that makes the grantee liable should he refuse to cut off from the air any speech, play, or other matter being broadcast if it tends to incite treason, rebellion, or sedition, or if the language used or the theme of the broadcast is indecent or immoral. Willful failure to comply with this provision should constitute a valid cause for cancellation of the grantee’s permit.

Randolph Burgess, chairman of the executive committee of the National City Bank of New York and reputed as one of America’s leading bankers and financial figures, paid tribute to the President’s leadership and far-sighted policy m establishing for the country a sound money. Burgess made this remarks at the luncheon given him and Mrs. Burgess by the President at Malacañan at noon. Several bankers and members of the Cabinet were present. The President in his brief remarks preceding a toast to the guest of honor and his wife, invited American bankers to take advantage of the big opportunities for investments in this country. (See pp. 3295–3296, Historical Papers and Documents, for full texts of the extemporaneous speeches.)

August 14:

The President signed House Bill No. 3231, providing for the establishment of an agricultural credit and cooperative financing system to assist small farmers in securing liberal loans and to promote their effective grouping into cooperative associations to enable them to market efficiently their agricultural commodities. He also signed House Bill No. 3124, appropriating an additional sum of P33,772,110 as counterpart fund under the MSA assistance program, and House Bill No. 3233, amending section 189 of the National Internal Revenue Code so that rope factories, sugar centrals, rice mills, coconut oil mills, corn mills, and dessicated coconut factories shall pay a tax equivalent to 2 per cent of the gross value of all commodities milled by them.

Earlier in the morning, the President received Minister George Dunbar Moore of Australia who presented anew his credentials following the change of the sovereign ruler in England. In presenting his credential, Minister Moore reiterated his pledge “to do everything in my power” to strengthen the bonds of friendship already existing between the Philippines and Australia.

In the evening, the President vetoed House Bill No. 3125 entitled “An Act Appropriating Funds for Public Works.” The bill which carries an outlay of P78,000,000 was vetoed by the President because he found out upon minute perusal of the measure that most of the money will go to public parks, playgrounds, and other non-essential projects, while a little amount will go to the construction of essential public works needed by the people. The President pointed out in his veto message the need of careful channeling of the people’s money toward vital and strategic public works projects which will be in consonance with the economic and industrial development of the country.

August 15:

The Council of State heard progress reports on the various projects being undertaken by the Philippine government with MSA aid. PHILCUSA chairman Jose Yulo made an extensive account on the dollar and peso allocation on the different agricultural, industrial, and public works projects. He reported that there would be a stepping up in the execution of the program of development with MSA aid this year. Forthwith, the Present directed that priority be given to the slum clearance projects in Manila and Baguio in order to provide homes for the poor.

After the Council of State meeting, the Cabinet met and decided to authorize the Department of Agriculture to hire piper cubs needed in its campaign against the locust infestation. The decision was reached following reports by both Vice-President Lopez and Defense Secretary Magsaysay that the army had been unable to supply small planes for the locust campaign because all available planes were needed in the operations against Moro bandit Kamlon and his followers in Jolo.

The President received in the morning Arrigo Pola, world famous Italian tenor, who called to pay his respects following his arrival in Manila the previous day to fulfill seven operatic engagements with the Manila Opera Company. Signor Pola invited the President to attend one of his concerts to be held on Wednesday in Manila.

Addressing the nation in his 46th monthly radio chat, the President lashed out at the Nacionalista leaders for deriding the administration’s efforts to enlist the support of neighboring countries and the United States in the fight against communism in Asia. “I do not understand why these countrymen of ours should be suddenly concerned about the campaign against communism outside of our country when they have religiously refused all along to contribute their energy, determination, and vaunted patriotism to help us clear the atmosphere of the same threat on our own soil,” the President declared. (See Historical Papers and Documents, pp. 3297–3302, for full text of the radio chat.)

August 16:

The President received a large group of legislators who called on him at Malacañan in the morning to congratulate him on his veto of the public works bill. The group was composed of Senator Macario Peralta, Jr., Representatives Antonio Raquiza of Ilocos Norte, Jose Feliciano of Tarlac, Marcos Calo of Agusan, Atilano Cinco of Leyte, Agripino Escareal of Samar, Virgilio Valera of Abra, and Leon Cabarroguis of Nueva Viscaya.

August 18:

The President signed during a long breakfast conference with Acting Executive Secretary Marciano Roque three instruments of ratification by the Philippine government of the Geneva convention on August 12, 1949, relative to (1) the protection of civilians in time of war; (2) the treatment of prisoners of war; and (3) the amelioration of the condition of wounded, sick, and shipwrecked members of the armed forces at sea. The resolutions of the Geneva convention had been signed by authorized representatives of the Philippines and other countries. They were ratified by the Philippine Senate during the regular session of Congress last May.

The President also signed the appointments of Dr. Jose M Barcelona as ad interim assistant director of the Philippine General Hospital and Carlos Batino, Sr., as ad interim member of the city council of Tagaytay. He reappointed Modesto Farolan as ad interim member of the board of regents of the University of the Philippines for another term of seven years expiring on August 6, 1959.

Malacañan announced that the President had released the sum of P7,148,903 to finance urgent and important public works projects. This action disproved claims of the Opposition that the veto of the public works bill would lead to abandonment and paralyzation of much-needed public works projects. The amount released came from the highway fund for the year 1951–1952. It will be spent for maintenance, repairs, improvement, and construction of national roads and bridges, including purchase of necessary supplies, materials, and equipment.

At the program held at Malacañan in the evening to open formally the 1952 anti-TB educational and fund drive, the President urged the people irrespective of nationality and creed to “contribute as much as they can” to make the fund drive a success. He said that the annual anti-TB fund drive would focus in the people’s mind the fact that, although essentially a medical problem, tuberculosis has its social and economic implications “which we can very well prevent if we are determined to do so.” (See Historical Papers and Documents, pp. 3302–3303, for full text of the message.)

August 19:

The President extolled the patriotism and civic virtues of the late President Quezon which, he said, could well serve as “a symbol of positive and vigorous citizenship” for the Filipinos, in an address keynoting the Quezon City observance of the 74th birthday anniversary of the first president of the Philippine Commonwealth. The President addressed some 50,000 people that turned out to witness the Quezon Day celebration, which centered at a P12,000 grandstand in front of the Quezon monument on Highway 54. For nearly three hours, starting at 9:30 a.m., the Chief Executive watched a mammoth civic and military parade that moved at snail’s pace along the gayly decorated grandstand. (See Historical Papers and Documents, pp. 3303–3306, for full text of the President’s Citizenship Day address.)

August 20:

The President said that the International Fair to be held in Manila next year will afford the country an excellent chance to promote its agricultural, industrial and economic progress. To show that the fair will be a success, the President subscribed and paid in full P5,000 in the venture, declaring: I am sure it will return in the form of some profit.” He addressed the incorporators and subscribers of the Philippine World Fair at a cocktail party held at Malacañan’s ceremonial hall.

The President issued an executive order at Novaliches terminating the collection of tolls at the Suague bridge in Iloilo. The reason for the order was that the total cost of the bridge plus the interest of four per cent per annum have been fully recovered. In this executive order, the President set a ruling whereby the collection of tolls at bridges throughout the country should terminate as soon as the cost of the bridges plus interest thereon have been recovered. The Chief Executive also signed the instruments of ratification of the Government in two international covenants; namely, the Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Person and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others, and the Convention on Road Traffic. These covenants were ratified by the Senate in separate resolutions on May 5, 1952.

Malacañan announced the appointment of Meneleo B. Bernardez as member-secretary of the board of special inquiry of the Bureau of Immigration.

August 21:

The President signed Executive Order No. 526, implementing the new Export Control Law. The bill controlling exports of critical materials was passed by the last special session of Congress and was signed by the Chief Executive on August 14. Executive Order No. 526 revives Executive Order No. 453 dated June 19, 1951, as amended by Executive Order No. 482 dated October 31, 1951, so that the same shall again govern the control, curtailment, regulation, and/or prohibition of the exports or re-exports from the Philippines of critical items covered by Republic Act No. 613.

Malacañan took a hand in the enforcement of clean horse racing in the country when it confirmed the decision of the Games and Amusement Board suspending Jockey Miranda for 20 days for allegedly pulling back his mount to lose a race. Sometime ago, Malacañan denied a similar petition by four jockeys who were suspended for various offenses.

The President appealed to the Manila Lions Club to dovetail its activities to the government’s program of national action, in the course of his extemporaneous address after the induction ceremonies of Manila Lions District Governor Mariano V. del Rosario and his cabinet at the Malacañan Park social hall in the evening. The occasion was highlighted by the President’s presentation of a plaque to Mr. and Mrs. Leocadio Tiano of Cagayan de Oro whose three sons had died in the service of their country. In appealing to the Lions, the President said that the various civic organizations in the Philippines should have some central objectives serious enough to be dovetailed and coordinated with the program of national action in order that “we can obtain something beneficial, something permanent for the enhancement of the country’s progress and prestige.” See (Historical Papers and Documents, pp. 3306–3310, for full text of the President’s speech.)

August 22:

The President directed the Cabinet to make an overall study of the Jolo situation in order to arrive at the best method of approach to the Moro problem there. He told the Cabinet to view the Jolo situation not merely as a military operation. The President wants the departments concerned to look carefully into the alleged miscarriage of justice, smuggling, and political angles so as to arrive at an overall plan for the solution of the Moro problem in Jolo.

The President told Representatives Ramon Arnaldo and Cipriano Allas, co-chairmen of the “Watchdog Committee” of the House that he welcomes the committee’s intention to make inquiries, study, or verification of how some funds in the government had been spent or transferred. The Chief Executive believes that the committee could help determine whether there have been under-estimation or over-estimation in the budgetary needs of government offices so that in the preparation of next year’s budget the appropriations for those offices will be as realistic as possible. This study will also help in avoiding deficiency appropriations.

August 23:

The President administered the oath of office to Solicitor General Juan R. Liwag as member of the Integrity Board. He also inducted Benito Legarda as chairman, Marcos Alicante and Eduardo Taylor as members of the Board of Examiners for Chemists, and Dr. Conrado Lorenzo as member of the Board of Medical Examiners.

The Cabinet turned down the petition of the Filipino Marble Works Association for the temporary lifting of the ban on the importation of marble, in accordance with the recommendation of the Import Control Commission. The Cebu Portland Cement Company which operates the marble mines in Romblon had reported to the ICC that sufficient marbles are being produced locally.

August 25:

In a three-hour breakfast conference starting at 10 a.m., at the Malacañan porch, the President tried to settle the differences between Speaker Eugenio Perez and Vice-President Fernando Lopez. The Vice-President came first, and he was with the President at the porch when the Speaker arrived. There was a spirit of amity throughout the conference and the meeting ended “with everybody smiling.” There was unanimous satisfaction about the outcome in which both parties “decided to make up” in the words of the President.

August 26:

Shortly before noon, the President received a group of ten visiting American congressmen who paid him a courtesy call. Congressman Overton Brooks (D-La.), spokesman of the party and chairman of the sub-committee of the armed services committee of the United States Congress, told the President that he and his fellow congressmen had been impressed with the friendship and cordiality shown them since their arrival in Manila on August 24, 1952. Congressman Brooks, when seen by the press in the Council of State room before meeting the President, said that he and his fellow congressmen were happy to be in the Philippines because the American people have a warm spot in their hearts for the people of the Philippines. He said that the recollection of World War II—of the courage and valor of the Filipinos who fought with the Americans—is still very close to the American people and that Americans are most anxious to cooperate with the Filipinos in the latter’s problems which are many, especially in national defense.

The Cabinet approved the classification of government corporation into four groups based on capitalization, volume of business, profit, and size of personnel. The National Power Corporation, the Manila Railroad Company, and the Price Stabilization Corporation belong to Class A; the Government Service Insurance System (formerly Class C), the Metropolitan Water District, (formerly Class C), the National Development Company, the Cebu Portland Cement Company, and the National Rice and Corn Corporation—Class B; the National Shipyards and Steel Corporation (formerly Class B) and the Land Settlement and Development Corporation—Class C; and the People’s Homesite and Housing Corporation, the Insular Sugar Refining Corporation (formerly Class B), and the Manila Hotel Company—Class D. The classification does not affect the salaries of the incumbent managers of the different government corporations.

The petition of the Caltex (Philippines) Inc. for exemption from regulation by the Import Control Commission to import construction materials for the proposed multi-million petroleum refinery that the company plans to erect in the Philippines, was turned down by the Cabinet upon the recommendation of the Import Control Commission.

The petition of the National Shipyards and Steel Corporation to negotiate a loan of P750,000 with the Rehabilitation Finance Corporation with which to finance the collection of scrap iron and steel, was approved by the Cabinet.

August 27:

The President shortly before noon presided at the exchange of instruments of ratification of the Philippine-United States mutual defense treaty in the Council of State room in Malacañan. The treaty took effect at 11:20 a.m., when Foreign Affairs Secretary Joaquin M. Elizalde, on behalf of the Philippine Government, and Ambassador Raymond Spruance, in represewntation of the government of the United States, formally exchanged instruments of ratification by their respective governments. Concluding the ceremony were brief remarks delivered by Ambassador Spruance and President Quirino on the significance of the treaty to their respective countries. In his brief remarks the President declared that the effectivity of the Philippines-United States mutual defense pact does not only stabilize Philippine economic security and strengthen PI-US relations but makes this vast region safe from aggression. (See Historical Papers and Documents, pp. 3310–3312, for full text of the speeches.)

Malacañan approved the award of the Philippine Legion of Honor to three officers of the US Army stationed in the Philippines “for outstanding service rendered to the Republic.” Upon the recommendation of Major General Calixto Duque, chief of staff, and the endorsement of Defense Secretary Ramon Magsaysay, the President approved the award to the following: Major General George Anthony Hoskan, QMC, USA, (Philippine Legion of Honor, Commander); Brigadier General Lecher O. Grice, AUS, (Philippine Legion of Honor, Officer); and Brigadier General Howard L. Peckham, AUS, (Philippine Legion of Honor, Officer).

August 28:

The President invested Ambassador Carlos P. Romulo with full power and authority to sign a treaty of friendship on behalf of the Philippine Government with the Dominican Republic. Romulo will sign for the President the covenant “designed to fortify . . . spiritual, cultural, and economic ties” between the Philippines and the Dominican Republic. Ambassador Luis Francisco Thomen, Dominican Republic Envoy to the United States, will sign on behalf of his government.

Undersecretary Jose S. Camus was designated Acting Secretary of Agriculture and Natural Resources during the absence of Vice-President Fernando Lopez due to leave for a three-month world tour.

Malacañan released the letter of the President to Justice Luis P. Torres, chairman of the Integrity Board, instructing that body to look into the big loans alleged to have been irregularly obtained from the Rehabilitation Finance Corporation and the Philippine National Bank.

The President called the public school teacher the repository of public virtues at the cornerstone laying ceremonies of the proposed building of the Philippine Public School Teachers Association. He called upon the public school teachers to do their bit in the mass education movement in the Philippines. The Chief Executive was the guest of honor at the laying of the cornerstone of the PPSTA building at the corner of Quezon Boulevard extension and Banawe Street in Quezon City. (See Historical Papers and Documents, pp. 3313–3316, for full text of the speech.)

August 29:

Malacañan announced that the President had assumed direct control of the campaign against locust infestation in Eastern Visayas because he felt greatly dissatisfied with the manner the anti-locust campaign had been conducted. The discussion of the locust situation occupied a good portion of the Cabinet meeting this day. The President directed Secretary Camus to redouble the campaign and to spare no expenses. He directed the army to furnish available planes needed in the campaign. During the Cabinet meeting, the President administered the oath of office to Undersecretary Camus as Acting Secretary of Agriculture and Natural Resources.

On the occasion of the call on the President of some 300 members of the Philippine Mental Health Association, the Chief Executive urged a return to the old Filipino customs and traits as one of the means to achieve a stable family life which will help insure the mental health of the nation. He stressed the importance of the old family attachments, of hospitality, simplicity, respectfulness, and cheerfulness which he said are the underlying factors that give the families in the rural areas a brighter outlook on life. In introducing the President to the association, Health Secretary Juan Salcedo, Jr., expressed the gratitude of the PMHA for the encouragement given by the President to the association in setting aside this week for the observance of Philippine Mental Health Week.

August 30:

The President approved a special supplemental budget for the Bureau of Hospitals carrying an outlay of P16,489.98 for aids to provincial hospitals. The amount is chargeable against the lump-sum appropriation of P1,657,300 authorized in the budget. The amount will enable 13 provincial hospitals to continue their operations.

Accompanied by several members of the Cabinet, the President enplaned for Zambales at 9 a. m., to open formally the new irrigation dam at Castillejos town. The project will be able to irrigate 6,000 hectares and directly benefit 7,500 landowners in four towns of Zambales. The President told the people of Zambales that the P3-million irrigation project he had just inaugurated is but the beginning of a chain of various projects of the government in connection with the administration’s economic mobilization program. He urged the people to take advantage of irrigation project by cultivating their farms. (See Historical Papers and Documents, pp. 3321–3322, for full text of the speech.

August 31:

The President said in his address at the National Heroes’ Day celebration in the Philippine Normal College auditorium that National Heroes’ Day celebration is for the Filipinos to mark a renewal of confidence in themselves as individuals and as a nation, and a challenge to greater effort for service. Great men make great nations, the Chief Executive said. Inspired by these heroes, “we should and can develop a strong citizenry that would make our nation stronger and greater yet,” he continued. “Following their examples, the people can reach great heights, achieve greater deeds for their security and happiness,” he pointed out. Owing to inclement weather, the parade scheduled on the Luneta was called off, while the program was held in the Philippine Normal College auditorium. (See pp. 3323–3326, for full text of the speech.)

Source: Presidential Museum and Library

Office of the President of the Philippines. (1952). The Official Month in Review. Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines, 48(8), lxxxvii-xcvi.

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