Official Month in Review: April 1955

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April 1. — THE President this morning received, Robert Modlin, who is making advance arrangements for its Far Eastern tour. He was accompanied to Malacañang by Alfredo Lozano, impressario. They called on him for 15 minutes.

Invited to attend the orchestra’s gala performance by Modlin and Lozano, the Chief Executive readily accepted. He also granted permission for the series of concerts to be conducted under his patronage.

The President hailed the forthcoming arrival in the Philippines of the 92-man Symphony of the Air (the former NBC symphony orchestra of Arturo Toscanini) as a major cultural event. He said he was personally looking forward to hearing its performance.

Among other places, the orchestra is playing in Hongkong, B.C.C., and Taipeh, Formosa, under the patronage of the governor-general of Hongkong and Madame Chiang Kai-Shek, respectively.

The President told Modlin he had a number of records of performances by the NBC symphony orchestra under Toscanini. He said he enjoyed listening to them immensely. He added he had recently received a gift from Toscanini of an album of recordings of the orchestra’s performances of all of Beethoven’s symphonies.

The President this morning authorized the release of P200.000 from his contingent fund for the immediate relief of earthquake victims in Mindanao and the Visayas and ordered SWA Administrator Pacita Madrigal Warns to rush assistance to the stricken areas.

The President gave the order promptly upon receiving telegrams from provincial and municipal officials who reported extensive destruction in their respective localities. The official telegrams which began coining in at 7:00 a.m. reported widespread panic among the population and requested that the Weather Bureau experts be asked to determine the cause of the quakes.

In response to the order, Administrator Warns immediately boarded a plane this morning and flew to the stricken regions. She took along a team of relief workers and relief goods consisting of foodstuffs, medicine, and other supplies.

The President expressed grave concern over the mounting loss of lives and property. He alerted the Air Force and the Navy to be ready to transport relief supplies and materials to the affected areas. He anxiously awaited more telegrams expected to report further on casualties and destruction as the effects of the tremors were ascertained.

The President issued Proclamation No. 142, declaring the existence of a public calamity in the earthquake-stricken provinces, and prepared to fly to the disaster area tomorrow morning to survey the extent of the damage himself.

The President’s proclamation, invoking the provisions of Act No. 4164. prohibited the hoarding of palay, rice, corn, and building or construction materials as well as the sale of these commodities at prices higher by 25 per cent or more than their average price one month ago. It authorized Constabulary commanders and police chiefs in the stricken areas to seize hoarded stocks or those sold at profiteering prices.

The places to which the proclamation applies are Misamis Oriental, Misamis Occidental, Surigao, Lanao, and the cities of Cagayan de Oro, Ozamis, Iligan, and Dansalan.

The President said in an informal press conference with Malacañang reporters that he planned to fly to the stricken area tomorrow morning to look into the situation himself. He also said he had released an additional P300.000 from his contingent fund for relief. Added to the P200,000 which he had made available earlier immediately upon receiving first advices of the disaster, this would make a total release of P500,000 thus far.

The President also telephoned Brig. Gen. William Lee, U. S. 13th Air Force Commanding General, at Clark Field and put in a request for emergency assistance from the U. S. Armed Forces, in the form of medicines and medical teams in case the situation revealed an urgent need for them. Gen. Lee assured the President of full support and assistance from his command and said he would even have medicines flown in from Japan if the need arose. He further said medical teams would stand by immediately in case they were also needed.

The President thanked Lee for this generous response and promised to contact him again after making a personal survey of the situation.

Two planes already have left Manila for the stricken area on orders of the President. The first carried SWA Administrator Pacita Madrigal Warns, her assistants, SWA relief packages, and two Weather Bureau seismologists, Roman Kintanar and Wellington Minosa. The second plane took Army medical teams composed of four officers, two nurses, and eight enlisted men and a public affairs office team of two officers and one enlisted man.

The President also instructed Brig. Gen. Eulogio Balao, AFP vice-chief of staff, who was in the 3rd MA, to proceed immediately to the stricken region to survey the situation. The President directed the 4th MA to take measures to extend all possible assistance to victims, preserve peace and order, and help relief teams.

The President also told Malacañang reporters in an informal press conference today that Customs Commissioner Edilberto David will be transferred to the Department of Finance as technical assistant pending the investigation of charges filed against him. The President said David’s transfer will obviate the possibility of his obstructing the investigation. He added that in case it was shown later that David was hampering the probe just the same, he will be suspended.

Queried as to who will replace David in the meantime, the President said this matter was under study.

The President also said that Ambassador Carlos P. Romulo’s appointment as Cabinet member without portfolio to qualify him to head the Philippine delegation to the Bandung (Afro-Asian) conference will be made upon Romulo’s arrival in Manila enroute to the confab.

The President also said at the press conference that Ruben Ledesma, chief examiner in the Bureau of Civil Service, had been named only as officer in charge of the bureau and not as acting commissioner. An afternoon newspaper had erroneously reported that Ledesma had been sworn into office as acting commissioner. The President said that actually Ledesma had been designated and inducted as officer in charge.

April 2.PRESIDENT Magsaysay woke up early this morning and led a large group of senators, representatives, newspapermen and photographers in a flight of four PAF planes to visit the earthquake-stricken provinces of Mindanao.

The presidential party took off at 8: 00 a.m., and landed at the Ozamis City airport at 10:55 a.m. Losing no time, the President motored to the city to view the destruction caused by the series of tremors which had rocked northern Mindanao.

The President first viewed the ruins of the Immaculate Concepcion church in Ozamis City. Finding it destroyed, he initiated a fund drive for its reconstruction by giving P60.

Then the President visited the city wharf which had been heavily damaged by the tremors. He also found the Constabulary barracks sunk about two feet.

Upon receipt of the news of the President’s arrival, residents of the city flocked around the Chief Executive. Seeing a widow, a certain store-owner whose establishment had been rocked into the sea, the President pulled out P40 from his wallet and gave the amount to the earthquake victim.

After a survey of the destruction in Ozamis City, the President flew with the members of his party to Lake Lanao, his plane dipping as low as 100 feet above the ground level. The President finally landed at the Dansalan City airport.

In Dansalan City, the President released P140.000 to finance the relief work in the province. He motored to the residence of Gov. Salvador Lluch. The porch of the governor’s residence craked and threw a scare to the members of the presidential party who thought that another earthquake had shaken the place.

The President motored toward the Maria Cristina project, but the way was blocked by landslides. He attempted to cross the road block on foot, but after covering a distance of 30 feet he decided to give up.

The President returned to Dansalan City airport and took off for Manila about 4 p.m. The presidential party arrived at the MIA at 7 o’clock in the evening.

With the presidential party were Sens. Tomas Cabili and Emmanuel Pelaez; Reps. Cesar M. Fortich of Bukidnon, Ignacio Cruz of Misamis Oriental, and William Chiongbian of Misamis Occidental; Lieut. Gen. Jesus Vargas, Brig. Gen. Pelagio A. Cruz, and newspapermen and photographers.

April 3.—WAKING up early in the morning, the President heard mass with members of his family at the Malacañang chapel. Eating his breakfast about 8:30 a.m., he suddenly summoned his aide, Lt. CoL Emilio Borromeo, and ordered him to call members of his Cabinet to a special meeting at 9 a.m.

Some of the Cabinet members were contacted at their residences just as they returned from church, while others were located at the golf courses. These came in their playing togs. One or two who could not be located at all were represented at the meeting by an undersecretary or a bureau director. The meeting lasted from 9:15 to 10:30 a.m.

The President today set the entire government machinery into motion for the purpose of effecting prompt and expeditious administration of relief and reconstruction work in the disaster areas of Mindanao and the Visayas, and then stepped into the presidential plane Pagasa for his second on-the-spot survey of the disaster region within 48 hours.

After this trip to the provinces worst hit by the recent earthquake yesterday, the President this morning called a special meeting of his Cabinet and organized a “task force” in which all departments of the government are represented, to undertake a thorough survey of the stricken areas.

Called the Relief and Reconstruction Authority (RRA), the body will determine the needs of each locality and proceed, without further delay with the rehabilitation of each locality. Activities of the group will include the reconstruction or repair of schoolhouses, roads, bridges, wharves, and other public buildings damaged by the quake. It will also put up temporary housing programs in various points of the disaster areas for the hundreds of families which had been rendered homeless by the calamity.

With PCAC Chairman Manuel P. Manahan as chairman, the RRA is composed of Rafael Contreras, division engineer, representing the Department of Public Works and Communications; Amadeo Cruz, in charge of rural health, representing the Department of Health; Sotero H. Bay, accounting officer, representing the Budget Commission; Honorio Villaranda, labor administrator for Northern Mindanao, representing the Department of Labor; and Alberto Dalusong of the Bureau of Public Schools, representing the Department of Education.

The Department of Justice will be represented by the provincial fiscal of Lanao. Also to be represented is the General Auditing Office to oversee disbursements, while Col. Antonio Chanco, chief of the AFP engineer corps, will assist the group as technical adviser.

The task force is scheduled to enplane for Dansalan City early tomorrow morning. With its members authorized to make on-the-spot decisions on behalf of their respective departments, the RRA will operate as a unit with the least consultation with the Manila offices. The RRA will maintain a mobile headquarters as it will be moving about from one stricken area to another. It is authorized to call upon any government office or agency for such assistance as it may require to accomplish its mission.

The body has at its disposal the P500.000 which the President had allocated from his contingent fund. He instructed the group to spend the money wisely where it was most needed. He told the body to coordinate its activities with those of the SWA, the PNRC, and other relief agencies operating in the area.

President Magsaysay emphasized at the Cabinet meeting that the Administration could adequately handle the situation with the resources at hand. He briefed members of his Cabinet on his observations during his tour of the stricken localities and discussed with them ways of extending to these localities adequate and speedy relief. He said that although actual damage wrought by the earthquakes was not so widespread and so extensive as previously reported, there was nevertheless urgent need for prompt action on places that were really hard hit by the calamity.

In the course of the discussions, the President decided to authorize the provincial treasurer of Misamis Occidental to advance P50,000 from the provincial funds for the immediate repair of the damaged wharf in Ozamis City, and P20,000 for the relief and temporary housing of victims in the province. The provincial cash advances totalling P70.000 will be paid out from the President’s contingent fund.

After the Cabinet meeting, the Chief Executive again boarded a plane at the Nichols airbase and flew to Mindanao about 11:00 a.m. He was accompanied by Manuel P. Manahan, RRA chairman, and Mrs. Magsaysay. A message subsequently received at Malacañang said the party had landed at 2:15 p.m. at the Maria Cristina airfield.

The President officially announced today that he had requested Ambassador Carlos P. Romulo to head the Philippine delegation to the Afro-Asian conference at Bandung, Indonesia. The President also said he will appoint Romulo as Cabinet member without portfolio. While these actions have been widely anticipated for sometime now this marked the first time they were officially announced by the President.

April 4.PRESIDENT Magsaysay this morning motored to the Philippine Air Force base operation at Nichols Field to give final instructions to the Relief and Reconstruction Authority prior to the group’s departure for Lanao to coordinate relief and rehabilitation operations in the earthquake stricken area.

The President told the committee, headed by its chairman, PCAC Chairman Manuel P. Manahan, that it was the highest coordinating body in the disaster area and urged it to handle the situation on the spot. He said the group had ample authority to make on-the-spot decisions and expressed confidence it will use wisely and well the funds he had released for the stricken region.

The President said that to facilitate the Authority’s work, he had even requested the auditor general to send an auditor along with the task force to make possible on-the-spot disbursements of funds.

The President asked Dr. Feliciano Cruz of the Red Cross about reports of rivalry between his organization and the Social Welfare Administration in the relief operations in Lanao. Dr. Cruz said he was unaware of any such rivalry. The President sternly warned that he did not wish to see relief operations hampered in any way by petty quarrels and rivalry. He said all groups and personnel engaged in relief work should think only of the common task.

The President also inquired from the Department of Health representatives about precautions taken to prevent epidemics. They told him they were taking with them enough sera and vaccine to prevent any outbreak of epidemics. They also said there were enough vaccinating teams in the region to carry out simultaneous immunization.

The President left Malacañang for Nichols airbase at 7 a.m., accompanied by Press Secretary J. V. Cruz and Manuel “Dindo” Gonzalez, board chairman of the Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office. The President met with the RRA at the base operations briefing room. He stayed about one hour with the group and then returned to Malacañang.

Meantime, Malacañang received a wire from Judge Macalalag of the Iloilo City municipal court saying that the judges and employees of the court were giving five per cent of one month’s salary as aid to the earthquake victims. Malacañang continued to receive messages of sympathy from various parts of the world. Among the messages received this day were those from President Rene Coty of France, President A. Somoza of Nicaragua, Governor-General Ghulam Mohammed of Pakistan, Cardinal Quiroga Palacios, and Spanish Ambassador Antonio Gullon.

Upon his return to Malacañang from the PAF base operations, the President went directly to the press office to view the damage wrought by the recent fire. From the press office, the President crossed over to the photographers’ section to inspect the precautions which had been taken to avert another blaze in Malacañang.

When the President’s whereabouts became known to Malacañang personnel, his assistants trailed him to the photo office, and for some time the President did his work there. He called up various officials to transact urgent business inside the small photo room. He found himself deep at work there until 11 a.m.

From the Malacañang press office, the President motored back to the Palace and retired to his bedroom, where he worked on some papers until lunch time.

The President took a nap in the afternoon, waking up about 3:30 p.m. He then resumed work on pending papers, receiving only members of the Malacañang staff.

The President today took off the name of Ambassador Felino Neri from the list of Philippine delegates to the Afro-Asian conference to be held in Bandung, Indonesia. He explained that Neri had to stay in Manila for any developments that might arise in connection with the Japanese reparations negotiations. Neri is the chief Philippine negotiator.

A previous Malacañang announcement had said the Philippine group will be headed by Ambassador Carlos P. Romulo and will include Foreign Affairs Undersecretary Raul S. Manglapus, Neri, Leonides S. Virata, “and others that he (Romulo) may want to accompany him to insure the success of his mission.”

The President said he will consult with Vice-President Carlos P. Garcia, concurrently secretary of foreign affairs, regarding the instructions to be issued to the Philippine delegation to the Afro-Asian conference.

April 5.—DURING a conference this morning with Defense Secretary Sotero B. Cabahug, Lieut. Gen. Jesus Vargas, AFP chief of staff, and other top Armed Forces officers, the President cleared obstacles to prompt and coordinate extension of material and medical relief to earthquake victims in Lanao. He appointed Brig. Gen. Alfonso Arellano as co-chairman of a relief and reconstruction committee in Lanao and directed him to mobilize all available Armed Forces personnel and equipment for efforts to relieve some 100,000 persons.

The President received this afternoon the first report from Manuel P. Manahan, chairman of the RRA, on the progress of the work of his group.

The Chief Executive told Gen. Arellano to discuss with Manahan and other members of his committee the best way of screening victims of the disaster. The President said the screening would give the committee a fairly accurate number of the victims needing aid and would prevent relief material from falling into wrong hands.

Arellano will pick up at Cebu Col. Climaco Pintoy, who will assist him in directing the Armed Forces phase of the relief operations.

During the conference, the President instructed the Army to eliminate the red tape and petty rivalries among relief organizations in order to facilitate the distribution of relief goods to the earthquake sufferers in Mindanao. He expressed wonder at the delay in the distribution of funds he made available to Gov. Salvador Lluch last Sunday.

The President was informed that Assistant Treasurer of the Philippines Juan Carbonnel flew to Dansalan City this morning to expedite the release of the sum. Deputy Auditor General Pedro M. Gimenez had also directed the Dansalan City auditor to waive auditing requirements that might hold up the distribution of relief.

In his conference with Defense Secretary Cabahug and the Armed Forces top brass headed by Lieut. Gen. Vargas, the President issued the following orders:

(1) Immediate distribution to the earthquake victims of the P1 million from his contingent funds which he had already released two days ago to Gov. Salvador Lluch of Lanao in Dansalan City;

(2) Immediate sending of three additional PC companies to the stricken areas to maintain peace and order:

(3) Rigid enforcement by the PC of the presidential proclamation of the existence of a public calamity in the affected areas, prohibiting and penalizing the hoarding of essential commodities and the selling of these goods at exorbitant prices:

(4) Establishment of improved radio communications to coordinate activities in the earthquake areas:

(5) Improving transportation facilities by sending outboard motors so that relief goods and medicines could reach the stricken people quickly;

(6) Parachuting of relief goods to inaccessible areas: and

(7) Temporary relief from their work of engineer corps doing construction work in Mindanao so that they could be assigned to repair roads bridges, and public buildings in the stricken areas.

The President also directed Health Secretary Garcia to airlift a team of doctors, nurses, and sanitary inspectors to intensify health work among the people, especially innoculation and vaccination; and. told NARIC Chairman and General Manager Juan O. Chioco to have more stocks of relief rice readied in addition to the 2.000 bags of 100 kilos each scheduled to arrive in Lanao today.

Meanwhile. Ngo Dinh Diem, president of South Viet Nam, in a cable to the President, said he was ready to “send with Operation Brotherhood personnel a Vietnamese medical team to assist the Filipino people whose sons and daughters voluntarily assisted Viet Nam in her most trying days.” He added that Viet Nam had been shocked over the earthquake in Mindanao and conveyed “her deep sorrow to the Filipino people, particularly the stricken families.” He said, “Please request Philippine Jaycees to temporarily withdraw portion of Operation Brotherhood personnel here for immediate assistance to their afflicted brothers in Mindanao.”

Antonio Dimalanta, president of the Filipino community organization in Guam, conveyed the community’s deep sympathy for the earthquake victims and pledged P1.000 as help to the Philippine National Red Cross drive through Consul Bartolome Umayam.

Minister Mariano Ezpeleta in Mexico wired the President that the Laboratorios Grossman of Mexico were donating through the Philippine legation 200 Leodin ampules and 1,000 neothracine tablets to the Philippine Government as aid to earthquake victims. The shipment is arriving next week by PAA, Ezpeleta said.

The Pfizer Laboratories this morning also donated drugs for the earthquake victims. Assistant Executive Secretary Enrique C. Quema received the donation on behalf of the President from Dr. Quirico Agos of the Pfizer Laboratories. The drugs were immediately airlifted to Dansalan City for the disaster victims.

Chairman Manahan reported to the President that 47 relief group members had secured relief goods and services from the committee which had centralized the services for better coordination and best utilization of available resources. He added that Col. Antonio Chanco’s corps of engineers yesterday commenced using 6×6 trucks with winches pulling debris off Tugaya and Bacolod lake shores for possible bodies pinned under. The President was informed that the RRA had pooled together vehicles, including those available from the malaria control units, for use of agencies in the field.

The latest count of casualties as of noon Monday (April 4) was as follows: dead—214; missing—9; injured—898; and building destroyed—2,866. Manahan said that in the reconstruction work, a preliminary survey had shown that the total estimated damage to roads and bridges amounted to P540,000 and to public buildings, P350.000. A further survey was being conducted.

The President directed that as many walkie-talkie be provided to SWA, Red Cross, Teniente del barrios, and other social workers in the area for greater coordination and efficiency in the relief operations. Owing to poor communications facilities in the area, with slow bancas being used, the President ordered that more outboard motors be sent. Gen. Arellano said two outboard motors already had been sent, and more would be airlifted. The President also ordered that in the critical areas, much needed supplies should be dropped by parachutes. He cautioned, however, that this kind of work should be well coordinated and planned to avoid losses.

In the evening, the President was conferred his fifth honorary doctorate degree at the University of the Philippines. Before a big crowd of friends and relatives of over 1,000 graduating students, the President received the degree of Doctor of Laws honoris causa. It was his second doctorate of laws title.

U. P. President Vidal A. Tan read the citation which extolled President Magsaysay as the “leader of the Filipino people, symbol of honesty and integrity, friend and defender of the common man, soldier and statesman of vision, champion of freedom, and defender of democracy.”

Mrs. Luz B. Magsaysay, who accompanied the President to the U. P. commencement ceremonies, placed the doctorate hood on the President and planted an affectionate kiss on her husband’s left cheek after the rites. The First Lady was helped by Dr. Tan and Education Secretary Gregorio Hernandez, Jr., chairman of the U. P. board of regents.

The degree, granted last year to the President, was conferred only this evening because the President had asked for its deferment.

The President was also awarded a gold medal for encouraging arts and letters in the Philippines. Elias Lopez, president of the U. P. student council, presented the medal to the President.

President Magsaysay, in his commencement speech delivered after receiving the honorary degree, exhorted the youth to assume positions of leadership and to be constantly “aware of your rights and obligations under our form of government.”

In urging the youth to assume positions of leadership, the President pointed out that “in a democracy the title of leader is not something to be sought or to be seized. The title of leader, to have real meaning,” he said, “must be conferred upon an individual by a community. It must be conferred on the basis of evidence that the individual has those qualifications which make for useful and constructive leadership.”

The President’s speech dwelt at length on the need for constructive leadership.

Leadership, he said, “is an honor, a great honor, since it expresses the confidence and respect of one’s fellow citizens. But even more than that, it imposes a grave obligation and a heavy burden of responsibility if the individual who earns the title tries seriously to live up to it.”

The President told the graduates that the country expects them to use their “skills in such a manner as to benefit their fellow countrymen.” (See Historical Papers and Documents, pp. 1817-1820, for the complete text of the President’s commencement address.)

President and Mrs. Magsaysay accompanied by Col. Napoleon D. Valeriano, senior military aide, left Malacañang at 5:55 p.m. and reached the U. P. grounds at exactly 6:15 p.m. Upon reaching the U. P. quadrangle, the President was shown to the room where he put on his gown.

The President addressed the graduates for 13 minutes. After addressing the graduates, the President returned to Malacañang.

President and Mrs. Magsaysay boarded the yacht Pagasa shortly after coming from the University of the Philippines’ commencement exercises in the evening.

President Magsaysay has ordered the reinstatement of all municipal officials appointed by the Quirino administration who had been removed without cause upon the change of administration, Malacañang announced today. Malacañang said these orders went out to various provincial governors all over the country since the Supreme Court ruling to the effect that appointive municipal official could not be removed for cause until their terms of office had run out.

These appointees, the court held, hold office permanently until the next regular elections and may not be removed except for cause and in the manner prescribed by law.

The orders for reinstatement of the affected officials have been issued by Executive Secretary Fred Ruiz Castro and his assistants in the name of the President. Among the provincial governors who have been sent such orders were those of Zamboanga del Norte, Cotabato, Davao, Misamis Oriental, and Surigao.

April 6. ALTHOUGH on his yacht cruising around Manila Bay with the First Lady this day, the President kept constant contact with Malacañang the whole day. From the yacht, the President issued directives to:

(1) Budget Commissioner Dominador R. Aytona to relaese P140,000 to Misamis Occidental, with P100.000 allocated for the repair of the Tangub-Bonifacio road, P30,000 for the Ozamis City waterworks, and P10.000 for the Oroquieta port waterworks;

(2) Executive Secretary Fred Ruiz Castro to authorize Mayor Angel Medina of Ozamis City to construct temporary shelters inside a military reservation in that city for people who lost their homes;

(3) Health Secretary Paulino Garcia to have a baby incubator airlifted to the Misamis Occidental Provincial Hospital to take care of babies born prematurely during the earthquakes in the province; and

(4) Finance Secretary Jaime Hernandez to authorize the Ozamis City treasurer to advance two months’ salary to city employees and teachers for the repair of their homes and the purchase of food and medicine.

Manuel Manahan, chairman of the Relief and Reconstruction Authority, sent in his second report from Dansalan City this day. His group is coordinating relief rehabilitation work in the disaster areas. Manahan listed 225 persons killed and 898 others injured, 14,985 families affected, 2,997 houses destroyed, and 382,737 hectares affected in Lanao province alone

The Social Welfare Administration had different casualty figures. It listed 416 persons killed, 792 injured, and 15 missing. It reported that 2,826 homes were destroyed.

Offers of aid and messages of sympathies continued to pour in from all parts of the country and from many countries of the world.

South Viet Nam set aside 100 tons of rice for the earthquake victims, despite the problem it is facing with the continuous flow of refugees from communist-ruled North Viet Nam.

John T. Cooper of the U. S. Veterans Administration offered to the President the services of four USVA doctors and a nurse to assist medical teams in Lanao.

The Bankers Association of the Philippines donated PLOOO tor the relief operations. The check was handed to Assistant Executive Secretary Mariano A. Yenko, Jr.

The Chas. Pfizer and Company in New York shipped by air a s20,00ll consignment of terramycin and tetracyn for the earthquake victims. This was in addition to the donation of the company’s office in Manila.

Charles A. Specht, president of Pfizer International, turned over the 750-pound shipment to Consul General Alejandro Galang in a ceremony at the New York International Airport.

“Operations Brotherhood”, a Jaycee International assistance project will send a 90-man relief team to Mindanao after the Holy Week. It will be composed of doctors, dentists, nurses, social and public health workers agriculturists, and field administrators.

From his Manila Bay cruise, the President decided to sail for Mindoro toward evening abroad the Pagasa.

April 7.THE President cut short a leisurely cruise off Mindoro this morning and flew unexpectedly to the earthquake-stricken areas in Lanao to see how much government agencies had accomplished toward aiding victims of the one-week-old earthquake disaster in that province.

The President took off from San Jose, Mindoro aboard the plane Pagasa at 7:55 a.m. and landed at the Maria Cristina airport at 10:10 a.m. It was the President’s third flying visit to Mindanao since a series of earthquakes rocked the island on April 1. He was accompanied by Mrs. Magsaysay and Sen. Emmanuel Pelaez.

Immediately upon arrival at the Maria Cristina airport, the President drove to Dansalan City and went on a survey of devastated towns along Lake Lanao. Manuel Manahan, RRA chairman, was among those who accompanied him in his survey trip.

Following his tour of the lake towns, the President said he was “quite satisfied” with, the progress of the work being undertaken by government agencies. He found that these agencies had succeeded in preventing the outbreak of epidemic and famine among more than 100,000 persons affected and in coordinating the extension of material and medical aid to them. He also found that road graders and rollers had cleared the roads of landslides caused by the quakes.

The President congratulated the relief agencies for the speedy rehabilitation of the earthquake victims. He lauded Rafael Contreras, public works representative in the RRA, for his work. He observed that public works reconstruction was being carried in three shifts a day.

In an extemporaneous speech in Bacolod Grande, Lanao the President expressed his sympathy to the Moslems for their sufferings. He said he was happy to find that the people had recovered their composure and were no longer panicky in spite of their horrible experience.

The President assured the Bacolod residents that he would release more funds which would be needed for their rehabilitation.

In response, Hadji Shek Honaid Mongobaya led the Moslem population in prayers for long life for the President.

Upon the suggestion of Sens. Pelaez and Cabili, Rep. Alonto created a committee to start a national fund campaign for the reconstruction of a P450,000 mosque destroyed in Bacolod Grande. The President approved the proposal.

The President also visited Tugaya, where the earthquake was at its worst. Nearly 200 persons died in this town.

Upon returning to Camp Keithley. the Chief Executive received from Manahan a report on the disbursement of the P1 million fund released for the assistance of the earthquake victims.

Manahan said that P160,000 was released for the reconstruction of roads and bridges in Lanao; P100.000 for the repair of public buildings, including markets and schools; P90.000 for the repair of waterworks and buildings in Iligan City; and P55.000 for the repair of waterworks in Ozamis City. He also reported that a total of 3,390 families, composed of approximately 19.297 persons in 18 stricken districts in Lanao had already been served by government relief workers.

Among those who accompanied the President in his inspection tour of the lake towns, besides Senators Pelaez and Cabili, were Rep. Domocao Alonto. Gov. Salvador Lluch and Hadji Zaman Masakal, mayor of Bacolod Grande.

After inspecting the lake towns in Lanao, the President flew to Puerto Princesa in Palawan, where the yacht Pagasa was waiting for him. The President and the First Lady stayed at the Palawan capital for the night.

The President this day sent a message to newly arrived United States Ambassador and Mrs. Homer Ferguson welcoming them and wishing that they would both make the Philippines their second home.

The President, who was in Lanao supervising the relief work for the earthquake victims, wired the message through Undersecretary of Foreign Affairs Raul S. Manglapus. The new United States ambassador to the Philippines and his wife arrived in Manila at 5 o’clock this morning.

The full text of the President’s welcome message to Ambassador and Mrs. Ferguson, follows:

REGRET MY ABSENCE FROM MANILA ON YOUR AND MRS. FERGUSON’S ARRIVAL AS I AM IN LANAO INSPECTING PROGRESS OF THE RELIEF AND RECONSTRUCTION WORK. LOOKING FORWARD TO RECEIVING YOU. I WELCOME YOU AND MRS. FERGUSON HERE AND WISH YOU WILL BOTH MAKE THE PHILIPPINES YOUR SECOND HOME.”

April 8. MALACAÑANG did not hear from the President the whole day today. A Malacañang spokesman said the President was presumably cruising off Palawan coast in his yacht Pagasa.

Malacañang reinstated Vice-Mayor Nicanor G. Salaysay of San Juan. Rizal, today and ordered him to assume the post of acting mayor on Monday. Salaysay will act as mayor of San Juan owing to the suspension of Mayor Engracio Santos on an administrative charge.

First Councilor Mariano Domingo had been acting mayor of San Juan since Salaysay’s suspension as acting mayor on December 8 last. Salaysay was cleared of an administrative charge that he allegedly tolerated gambling and prostitution in San Juan.

Gov. Wenceslao Pascual of Rizal relayed the Palace directive to Salaysay.

Malacañang announced the receipt this day of P1,000 from the Compania General de Tabacos (Tabacalera) as the company’s donation to the earthquake victims in Mindanao. The donation was accompanied by a letter from the company’s head office in Barcelona, Spain, expressing the company’s deep sympathy for the victims of the disaster.

April 9.THIS morning, the President received aboard the yacht Pagasa Nick Pedrosa, superintendent of the resettlement project of the NARRA at Panacan, Palawan, and Lt. Jose Legaspi, PC detachment commander, who sighted the presidential yacht anchored off the coast of Palawan.

President Magsaysay decided to inspect today the National Resettlement and Rehabilitation Administration-sponsored resettlement project at Panacan, Aborlan, Palawan, and the Armed Forces pre-fabricated school-house project.

Although the President’s visit was unannounced, a large portion of 800 family settlers and old residents of Panacan were on hand to welcome the President.

The President inspected the area, inquiring from the settlers about their situation and needs. He was satisfied with the way houses had been constructed and distributed.

In his inspection of an area full of old farm and engineering equipment, the President directed Engineer Lantz of the board of liquidators to reappraise the heavy road equipment and to send the unserviceable ones to Manila for repair.

After hearing the settlers discuss then problems in an impromptu community assembly, the President:

(1) Directed NARRA Manager Eligio Tavanlar to use cement in improving the present irrigation system in the settlement;

(2) Directed Health Secretary Paulino Garcia to send immediately a physician and a nurse to augment the present medical staff in the area and to send medicines to insure proper and necessary medical care of the settlers;

(3) Approved the construction of a P5,000 chapel in the settlement compound; and

(4) Allocated one pre-fabricated schoolhouse to the settlement.

Upon hearing the complaint of a settler, one Mr. Espinosa, regarding the lack of funds for distribution to the new settlers sent by the NARRA main office, the President directed the PC provincial commander of Palawan. Capt. Paredes, to contact immediately the district forester at Puerto Princesa and have the lands south of the Panacan settlement project (Batan-Batang area) declared agricultural lands. He directed Superintendent Pedrosa to start distributing the lands to the new settlers as soon as possible.

For the benefit of settlers sent to this area by the old administration the President revoked the NARRA directors’ policy of withdrawing land from settlers who are unmarried. This matter was brought up in the community assembly by Leoncio Lampera. The President also instructed Superintendent Pedrosa that subsistence to settlers he extended up to the time the settlers have harvested their crops.

The pre-fabricated schoolhouse project under Capt. Faustino Jimenez of the First Engineering Construction Group of the AFP impressed the President so much that he issued to Capt. Jimenez a commendation for work well done. The pre-fabricated schoolhouse mill is turning out 60 units a month. There are now ready 120 units for shipment to different localities. Commodore Jose Francisco, Navy chief, who was with the President on the inspection trip, was directed to expedite the sending of a Navy boat to Palawan so that shipment of the already finished schoolhouses could be made to places where they are most needed.

The President and his party left Panacan beach to board the yatch Pagasa about 12 noon, Saturday. A crowd followed the President to the beach and thanked him for his visit during which he had inquired about their needs.

The President this day received a message from Ambassador Homer Ferguson expressing the latter’s “personal sympathy for the tragedy which has befallen your people and my best wishes in the relief and reconstruction work to which you are giving your personal attention.”

The message, which was an answer to the President’s welcome message to the new United States ambassador and his lady, was immediately wired to President Magsaysay, who was still on board the yacht Pagasa.

“Mrs. Ferguson and I are heart warmed by you and your people’s cordially and already feel that we have found that second home of which you speak,” Ambassador Ferguson told the President in the message.

Meanwhile, Australian Minister to the Philippines George Dumbar Moore informed Malacañang this day that Australian Prime Minister Richard G. Menzies will announce at 4 p.m. Sunday (Manila Time) the sending by the Australian Government of a gift of 3,000 Australia pounds, or around P15,000, as Australia’s contribution to the relief fund of the earthquake victims. The information was wired to President Magsaysay aboard the yacht Pagasa.

The President directed Budget Commissioner Dominador R. Aytona to release immediately under Republic Act No. 1200 the amount of P200,000 for asphalting the Iligan City airport in Lanao which had been damaged by the recent earthquake.

RRA Chairman Manuel Manahan said in a dispatch to Malacañang today that there was definitely no transportation problem in the earthquake-stricken areas. He said that the problem had been solved with the arrival of more vehicles. Manahan also reported that, according to official reports, the health situation among the disaster victims was almost normal. Vigilance was being maintained to improve health conditions, he added.

April 10.—AFTER a sixty-day Holy Week cruise and inspection trips the President returned to Malacañang about 8 o’clock this evening. Looking refreshed and rested, the President went to the Malacañang compound to greet his father, who celebrated his 81st birthday today in the official residence of Dr. Jose Corpus, personal physician of the Chief Executive.

After coming from his father’s birthday party, the President retired early in preparation for another hectic week which begins tomorrow.

The President this day received a report from the Relief and Reconstruction Authority in Dansalan City on the total amount of funds so far expended for reconstruction in the earthquake-stricken areas in Mindanao.

Col. Antonio Chanco, chief of the AFP engineering corps, and Sotero H. Bay. accounting officer of the RRA, informed the President of the following allotments already expended in the area: for public works such as government buildings, schoolhouses, markets, municipal buildings in the areas around Tubod and Capatagan, the lake areas, and Iligan and Ozamis cities—P161,550 for the reconstruction of government buildings and waterworks at Iligan and Ozamis cities, P165,000; and for roads and bridges for Lanao and Occidental Misamis, P16,000. These bring to P342.550 the amount already spent for public works construction in the earthquake region.

The report further said that under the supervision of Capt. Mayuga and his signal corps men, there is now a very much improved communications system in the area. Radio and telephone facilities have already been installed where they are needed most. Mobile radio teams are standing by in strategic places ready to answer any call from the relief teams.

The report also said that close liaison has been established with the Philippine Air Force to coordinate the airlifting of the much-needed supplies for Mindanao.

April 11.—UPON receipt of reports that new strong earthquakes, varying in intensity from I to VI, rocked at least nine provinces in Mindanao and the Visayas early this morning, the President sent his financial aides to Mindanao this noon to determine how much more funds would be needed there.

The President directed Budget Commissioner Aytona and Malacañang Technical Assistant on Finance Rodolfo Andal to fly to Dansalan City in Lanao as soon as he was informed of the new quakes, to supervise personally the disbursement of the relief funds.

The President this morning received Sen. Tomas Cabili, who apprised him on the latest developments on the relief work in Mindanao. Cabili lauded the work of the various relief agencies operating in the area, saying they had succeeded in putting everything under control. He suggested that more assistant engineers be assigned to Lanao as the problem there now had become primarily the reconstruction of damaged public-works projects. The Senator also suggested that civic organizations which desire to extend aid to the earthquake sufferers should turn over their contributions to the relief agencies instead of going to the disaster areas in large numbers. He said that their going there would only pose problems of accommodation and would distract local officials from their relief activities.

The President also received other officials from the stricken areas who requested release of public works funds for the repair of damaged or weakened buildings as a result of the quakes. The officials included Rep. Reynaldo P. Honrado, who accompanied Mayor Ramon Kaimo of Surigao, Surigao, and Gov. Felipe B. Azcuna of Zamboanga del Norte.

The Chief Executive received callers at his study from 8 to 10:30 a.m. Among other visitors were Sen. Justiniano S. Montano; Reps. Wenceslao Lagumbay of Laguna, Felipe Garduque of Cagayan, Vicente L. Peralta of Sorsogon, and Celestino Juan of Nueva Ecija; and Mayor Crisanto Magno of Lupon, Davao.

The tremor which again rocked Dansalan City at 1:35 a.m. today sent city residents scampering out of their houses to seek the safety of the streets, according to a message received at Malacañang from PCAC Chairman Manuel P. Manahan, chairman of the Relief and Reconstruction Authority.

Manahan reported that the people had refused to return to their homes despite entreaties of the city mayor. He said that this latest tremor appeared to be the strongest of the recurrent aftershocks which had been rocking the city since the great tremors of April 1.

The President this afternoon received Rep. Domocao Alonto of Lanao, who confirmed reports of the occurrence of the latest earthquake in Dansalan City early this morning. Alonto had arrived from Dansalan City by PAL plane this noon.

Rep. Alonto told the President that, although some public and private properties had been destroyed by the latest tremor, no deaths had been reported so far. The extent of the damages, he said, could not be estimated at the time of his departure from Dansalan City. He told the President that the stricken people of Mindanao were grateful for the thoughtfulness of the President in making available to them immediate help after the disaster. He added that the Mindanao people felt now that they had a country and a government.

The President told Alonto that after conferring earlier in the morning with Sen. Tomas Cabili and Rep. Reynaldo P. Honrado of Surigao, Gov. Felipe B. Azcuna of Zamboanga del Norte, and Mayor Ramon Kaimo of Surigao, Surigao, he had decided to send Budget Commissioner Dominador Aytona and Malacañang Financial Assistant Rodolfo P. Andal to Dansalan City to determine how much more funds were needed for public works construction and other needs in the stricken areas. The President said that he had also instructed Aytona and Andal today, to authorize on the spot release of available funds needed to relieve the sufferings of the people.

After the conference with Rep. Alonto, the President received again Sen. Tomas Cabin for further conference on the relief work being undertaken in Mindanao.

Meanwhile, Gov. Juan Alberto of Catanduanes wired the President that the local Chinese community of Virac was sending the President by telegraphic transfer the sum of P220 as their contribution to the relief fund for the Mindanao earthquake victims.

Gov. Bienvenido Ebarle of Zamboanga del Sur also wired the President saying that 80 per cent of the buildings affected by the last earthquake had already been repaired and that the estimated damage and cost of repair of public and private buildings, including waterworks in Molave, was P200,000 and P25,000 in Tukuran. He said that the Aurora-Molave national highway was already passable but the estimated damage and cost of repair was P100,000 and that over 500 destitute families were in dire need of immediate relief.

Mayor Angel Medina of Ozamis City wired the President that the relief distribution in the city was being done with the cooperation of the different civic organizations.

In another wire, Mayor Mendiola of Lala, Lanao, said that the people of his municipality were happy for having received the relief goods distributed to them by social and relief workers.

Earlier in the morning, President Magsaysay certified to Congress a bill amending the charter of the Central Bank which would permit the government to borrow from the CB for public works purposes. The bill was originally filed by Rep. Jacobo Gonzales of Laguna.

The President today continued to receive contributions from private firms and civic-spirited individuals in the form of cash and medicines for the earthquake sufferers in Mindanao and the Visayas.

In acknowledging the contributions, the President thanked the donors for their “humanitarian spirit.” He assured them that their contributions would go a long way not only in alleviating the plight of the sufferers but also in giving them reassurance that in their present misfortune they are being remembered in their greatest hour of need.

Twenty-two boxes of anti-biotic drugs worth P60,000 were contributed by the Pfizer Laboratories of New York. The drugs, which consisted of 4,000 packages of Terramycin tablets and 8,000 bottles of Tetracyn capsules, were delivered to the President at Malacañang by John H. Shoaf, general manager of the Pfizer branch in Manila.

The President made arrangements for the distribution by relief agencies of another set of drugs being contributed by the Grossman Laboratories in Mexico through the Mexican legation in Manila. The drugs, consisting of 200 Leodin ampules and 1,000 Neotrasin tablets, are expected to arrive here via Pan American Airways this week.

Cash contributions acknowledged by the President today included those of Atlantic Gulf and Pacific company in the amount of P1,000 the Tabacalera, also P1, 000 Philippine Iron Mines, P500 and O. A. Boni of the National City Bank of New York branch in Manila, who sent in a check for P250.

The President in the evening signed the papers designating Gen. Carlos P. Romulo as chairman of the Philippine delegation to the Afro-Asian Conference in Bandung, Indonesia, and making him a member of the Cabinet without portfolio for the purposes of the conference.

The President said that he was considering the inclusion of one senator as a member of the delegation. He said he was going to consult Senate President Eulogio Rodriguez. Sr., on the matter.

The President this evening received a telegram from Cebu Citizen’s Committee on Cloud Government Chairman Clavano and from Editors Association of the Philippines President Abellanosa from Cebu City, informing the Chief Executive that a joint resolution of the two associations had requested the immediate investigation of the alleged mauling of a Mindanao Star reporter. Cipriano Apolinario, in Cagayan de Oro City

The Cebu CCGG and EDAP said that they vigorously condemned the Army man’s act of taking the law into his own hands and infringing on the freedom of the press.

A Philippine News Service report said that the local press club of Cagayan de Oro City had charged that Lt. Hernandez, aide to Col. Tirso Fajardo, 4th MA Commander, had allegedly broken into a party given by Mayor Justiniano Borja and reportedly grabbed newsman Cipriano Apolinario and slugged him before anybody could move.

The President ordered Lt Bernardino Hernandez to be court-martialed for allegedly mauling a local newsman and creating public disturbance and scandal in Cagayan de Oro City.

April 12.—PRESIDENT Magsaysay this morning had a breakfast conference with Secretary Carlos P. Romulo on the forth coming Asian-African conference at Bandung, Indonesia, which he will attend as chairman of the Philippine delegation. The conference opens on April 18.

During their talk which lasted about 45 minutes, Secretary Romulo rendered to the President a detailed report on Philippine affairs pending in Washington, D.C. He called at Malacañang at 7:30 a.m., shortly after his arrival in Manila from the United States aboard a Pan-American Airways plane.

The President received callers at his executive office from 9 a.m. to 12:30 p.m.

Members of the Vietnamese relief team composed of doctors, nurses, and welfare workers called to pay their respects before proceeding to Mindanao to assist earthquake sufferers. During the call, Dr. Emmanuel Ho Quan Phuoc, head of the team, handed the President a P5,000-check from Vietnamese Premier Ngo Dinh Diem for the earthquake victims.

Narciso Pimentel, Jr., of Dramatic Philippines and Jose L. Dayrit, general manager of the Manila Grand Opera House, also handed a check for P825.90 for the earthquake fund. The amount represented the proceeds from one show of the stage play, Martir sa Golgota, shown in Manila during the Holy Week.

Another contribution in the amount of 81,000 was received from the Von Kohorn International Corporation, machinery manufacturers in New York. The check was delivered to the President by Benny Gaberman.

A delegation from Mindoro Oriental, headed by Gov. Francisco Infantado, requested funds for an irrigation project. Another delegation from Quezon, headed by Gov. Vicente Constantino and Rep. Manuel Enverga, also requested assistance for the construction of puericulture and rural health centers in their province.

Officers of the Quarters Allowance Claimants’ Association, an organization of World War II veterans who had filed claims for quarter allowance, protested against alleged delay and discrimination in the payment of their claims. The group was accompanied by Rep. Rodolfo Ganzon of Iloilo.

Officers of the Philippine Medical Association headed by Dr. Mariano Icasiano invited the President to address their national annual convention to be held in Baguio City on April 27. The President accepted the invitation.

Officers of the Mori Tenants Association protested against the proposed construction of a children and maternity hospital in the Mori compound in Quezon City. Accompanied by Rep. Angel M. Castaño and Manila Councilor Marciano Santos, the tenants said that the construction of the hospital would displace many families which had built their homes in the compound and had been paying rentals to the government since 1946.

The President also received Fr. Renato Ziggiotti, superior general of the Salesian’s of Don Bosco in Turin, Italy, who called to pay his respects. Accompanied by Mons. Egidio Vagnozzi, papal nuncio, Dr. Ziggiotti presented the President with a decorative wall lamp made by students of the Salesians vocational school in Victorias, Negros Occidental.

About 8:30 a.m., the President held a series of conferences with Malacañang assistants who consulted him on pending matters. During his conference with Technical Assistant Sofronio Quimson, he signed the nominations of Benito Macrohon as clerk of court of Rizal; Alejandro Mendoza as justice of the peace of Mandawe, Cebu; Guillermo Bandonill

as register of deeds of Mt. Province; Conrado C. Manago as justice of the peace of Tagub, Misamis Occidental; Jose Fabriga as register of deeds of Ozamis City; Teofilo Barsana and Ruben Santana as justices of the peace of Sabtang and Itbayat, Batanes, respectively; Ruperto Advincula as auxiliary justice of the peace of Dumarao, Capiz; and Felix Marasigan as justice of the peace of Macalelon, Quezon.

Other callers this morning included Reps. Augusto Francisco of Manila, Jose Roy of Tarlac, Serafin Salvador of Rizal, Pedro Lopez and Isidro Kintanar of Cebu, Alberto Aguja of Leyte, and Constancio Castañeda of Tarlac, and Gov. Dominador Chipeco of Laguna.

Further pledges of mutual cooperation between the Philippines and the United States in the attainment of their common objectives of peace and freedom were made by President Magsaysay and U. S. Ambassador Homer Ferguson during the latter’s presentation of his letters of credence to the Philippine Chief Executive at impressive ceremonies held at the Malacañang ceremonial hall this afternoon.

The new American Ambassador who succeeded former Ambassador Raymond A. Spruance, in presenting his credentials, said: “I know that the objectives of peace and freedom are held in common by both our nations and that these objectives will constitute the criteria in our efforts to find the solutions to the problems which face us.”

Continuing, he said: “I feel sure that, in this spirit, a pooling of the best thinking of our two nations can contribute successfully to the formulation of sound and effective policy.”

Responding, President Magsaysay said that the Philippines shares, the same concern for peace and freedom and that “we feel in the magnificent efforts your country and people to secure that peace and freedom for all peoples and for all nations, our country jointly with yours, can contribute modestly in the formulation of a sound and effective policy.”

The President added: “I gladly accept your pledge of cooperation in all matters of common interest to our two nations and your desire to maintain the atmosphere of cordiality and respect in the solution of our common problems.”

Ambassador Ferguson in presenting his letters of credence to President Magsaysay, also presented the letter of recall of “my distinguished predecessor, the Honorable Raymond A. Spruance.”

The presentation ceremony was among the best attended in Malacañang. The U. S. Ambassador arrived at the Malacañang grounds at 5 p.m. and was given full military honors by a unit of the presidential guards battalion. The U. S. and the Philippine national anthems were played.

Ambassador Ferguson was accompanied to Malacañang by Foreign Affairs Chief Protocol Officer Jose S. Estrada, Assistant Protocol Officer Pedro Angara Aragon. Col. Napoleon D. Valeriano, and the Ambassador’s staff headed by Charles Barrows, deputy chief of mission, and Hayward Hill and Carl Boehringer, counselors.

After the exchange of speeches, the President and the American Ambassador shook hands and the President introduced Ambassador Ferguson to Vice-President and concurrently Foreign Affairs Secretary Carlos P. Garcia and his staff and the members of the President’s Cabinet. Afterwards the U. S. Ambassador also introduced the President to the members of his staff.

The President and the U. S. Ambassador then exchanged toasts.

Rear Admiral Hugh H. Goodwin this afternoon presented to President Magsaysay two checks in the sum of $10.000 as contribution of the naval, marine, and civilian personnel of the U. S. Navy forces in the Philippines to the earthquake victims in Mindanao.

The President thanked Admiral Goodwin in the name of the people of the Philippines, especially the disaster victims. He said that the gesture would go a long way in strengthening further the friendship between the Philippines and the United States.

Admiral Goodwin presented the cash donation to the President immediately after American Ambassador Homer Ferguson had presented his letters of credence as new U. S. Ambassador to the Philippines to President Magsaysay at the Malacañang ceremonial hall.

In the letter accompanying the two checks, Admiral Goodwin said that the naval, marine, and civilian personnel of the U. S. Navy forces in the Philippines “wish to extend their sympathy to the worthy people of Lanao and Misamis provinces who had suffered so greatly from the recent earthquake in these areas.”

He said that the contribution serves as a symbol of the sentiments of the personnel serving at the U. S. Navy installation at Sangley Point and the U. S. Naval Base at Subic Bay.

President Magsaysay told newsmen this afternoon that he had sent for the records on the charges for alleged protection of vice filed with the NBI against Mayor Macario Asistio of Caloocan, Rizal.

The charges were filed by Maj. Fernando Chaingan, suspended police chief of the same town. The charges alleged that Asistio had been protecting gambling in Caloocan in return for protection money from’ the maintainers.

The President also told newsmen he had received a report on the situation in Formosa from Col. Benito Ebuen of the Philippine Air Force, who had gone to Taipeh as the President’s personal observer. The Chief Executive said he was going to study Ebuen’s report, which the latter had personally delivered. He indicated that unclassified parts of the report might be released to the press later.

April 13.—OPENING the day with a breakfast conference with Sen. Claro M Recto, the President later conferred with leaders of Congress to formulate a united Philippine stand at the forthcoming Asian African conference in Bandung, Indonesia, which opens on Monday, April 18.

Sen. Recto left the Palace immediately without waiting for the meeting of congressional leaders to draft the Philippine position at the Asian-African conference. Both leaders refused to disclose the subjects taken up at their breakfast conference.

Present at the conference with congressional leaders, which lasted from 9:40 to 11 a.m., were Senate President Eulogio Rodriguez, Sr. Speaker Jose laurel, Jr., Sen. Francisco A. Delgado and Rep Miguel Cuenco, chairmen, respectively, of the Senate and the House committees on foreign affairs; and Sen. Tomas Cablli and Rep. Diosdado Macapagal.

Also present were Vice-President and concurrently Foreign Affairs Secretary

Carlos P. Garcia, Gen. Carlos P. Romulo, who heads the Philippine delegation to the conference, Ambassador Felino Neri, and Press Secretary J. V. Cruz

After the conference, the President proceeded to the Council of State room, where he presided over the regular weekly meeting of the Cabinet.

He also conferred later with Defense Undersecretary Jose M. Crisol who consulted him on some pending matters in the Department of National Defense.

The President entered the Cabinet meeting. Sen. Tomas Cabili came in the Cabinet room W t! President and Romulo and also stayed for some time.

The President and his Cabinet sought ways to help solve unemployment by appointing a committee to study a practical manner of employing the greatest possible number of men to work on road construction and irrigation projects of the government.

The President named Agriculture Secretary Salvador Araneta as chairman of the committee with Commerce Secretary Oscar Ledesma, Public Works Secretary Vicente Orosa, Economic Coordination Administrator Alfredo Montelibano, and Budget Commissioner Dominador Aytona, as members.

In forming the committee to study how to provide more jobs, some Cabinet members had in mind the formation of large labor groups to be employed in the government’s road construction and irrigation projects. Although no concrete plans as to the nature of these labor groups were arrived at during the meeting, some Cabinet members were thinking along the lines of an organization similar to the civilian construction corps (CCC) organized before World War II in the United States.

Details of this plan, like salaries and the most efficacious way of employing the most people, were left to the committee to draft. It was also believed that legislation might be necessary in carrying out the project. The President told the committee to study the matter carefully and submit its report as early as possible.

The Cabinet also enlarged the membership of the existing committee studying the PHILCUSA-FOA training grant for the fiscal year 1955 and directed the committee to study further how the appropriations being spent for the trainees could best be allotted. It was the feeling of the Cabinet that some of the studies which trainees are supposed to pursue in the United States are not very essential and that such appropriations could be diverted to other more urgent projects of the government.

As constituted now, the enlarged committee studying this matter is composed of Economic Coordination Administrator Alfredo Montelibano as chairman, with Agriculture Secretary Salvador Araneta, Health Secretary Paulino Garcia, (he Executive Secretary, and Education Undersecretary Martin Aguilar, Jr., as members. The committee will meet in the Council of Stale room on Monday (April 18) at 3 p.m.

At the Cabinet meeting, the President signed the plans for the P2 million buildings for the Manila International Airport. Secretary Orosa said that bids for the construction of the buildings would be called soon so that work could start at an early date.

The President was impressed by the modern lines of the buildings and remarked that when finished they would rank with the most modern airports in the world.

Present at the signing of the plans were Consulting Architect Federico S. Ilu the. Architect Paterno Alcodia. Assistant CAA Administrator Emilio Asistores and Chief of Airport Juan Paraiso, Jr.

The Cabinet meeting ended past 12 noon.

At about 4 p.m. the President crossed the Pasig River in a launch and had a 30-minute golf practice. He was accompanied by his aide. Lt. Col. Emilio Borromeo. Afterwards, he motored to the V. Luna General Hospital for his regular annual medical check-up.

Malacañang announced today that the President had not designated anybody to act as executive secretary during the time that Executive Secretary Castro is on sick leave. Assistant Executive Secretary Mariano A. Yenko. Jr. has been holding his office in Secretary Castro’s room and signing papers as assistant executive secretary. Secretary Yenko attended the Cabinet meeting this morning in place of Secretary Castro.

The air-conditioning unit in the public reception room in the Executive Office which had been ordered dismantled by President Magsaysay some days ago, has been sold at P22.350.00 to the Aguinaldo Development Corporation, Malacañang announced today.

Dan Aguinaldo, president of the corporation which had bought the air-conditioning unit, sent the President Security Bank and Trust Company check No. 367906 covering the full amount spent in the installation of the unit. The amount of P22,350 paid for the unit covers down to the last centavo the sum that had been spent for it by the government.

The air-conditioning system was installed in the public reception room in the Executive Office for the benefit of the hundreds of visitors, mostly provincial folk, seeking appointment with the President and other Malacañang officials.

A donation of medical drugs for the earthquake victims in Mindanao was received by Malacañang today, from the Parke, Davis and Company. The donation, consisting of 10,000 Chloromycetin capsules, 50,000 camoquin tablets, 1,100 Chloromycetin ointment, and 288 paladoc vitamin supplement, was handed over to PCAC Chairman Manuel P. Manahan and Dr. Jose Corpus, physician to the President, by R. G. Dean and Jose A. Macatangay, sales executive and director of medical service, respectively, of Parke, Davis and Company.

April 14.—FOLLOWING a hectic schedule the whole day today, the President received no less than 500 callers in the morning and attended three important occasions which lasted until late in the evening. He even acted as guide to a group of 200 public school teachers whom he showed around Malacañang up to past noon.

The President began receiving callers about 8:30 a.m. Even after he had shown the teachers around the presidential residence, a senator a governor, and several people were still waiting to see him. He finished receiving all his callers past 1 p.m., when he retired for lunch.

The President assured 200 public school teachers gathered in Manila for their annual convention that he would certify to Congress the urgency of a bill appropriating P17 million for the readjustment of the salaries of teachers. He said that he would sign the bill immediately after it is passed by Congress.

The President also promised the public school teachers that he would study and act on the following problems that have been brought up before him:

(1) Delay in the payment of the salaries of teachers;

(2) Immediate reconstruction and repair of public school buildings in earthquake-affected Mindanao;

(3) Delay in the distribution of pre-fabricated schoolhouses for the barrios;

(4) Introduction of more junior and senior teachers examinations to eliminate “deadwood” teachers now in the service;

(5) Separation from the service of teachers who have rendered 30 years of service; and

(6) Putting up of Liberty wells in public schools without artesian wells.

Before listening to their problems, the President told the teachers that he had decided on increasing the salaries of teachers long ago, in the event that he was elected. The President added, however, that the real problem was how to raise funds to put up the P17 million required by the bill.

“We must have community gatherings to convince the people to pay all their taxes and you can help a lot in this program,” the Chief Executive told the teachers.

After talking to the teachers, the President took them around Malacañang and showed them his bedroom, the ante-room, study room, music room state reception room, and the bedroom of Teresita, the President’s oldest daughter.

The teachers shouted and sang “Mabuhay” as they were personally led by the President from one room to another. The Chief Executive showed them the paintings and pictures that were inside. One of the teachers said: “I had been here before during the time of some of our previous Presidents but this is the first time I have been shown the bedrooms around the Palace by the President himself.”

Mrs. Luz Magsaysay joined the teachers later when she learned that the President was showing them around. She greeted them and shook hands with them.

The teachers were accompanied to Malacañang by Rep. Carmen Dinglasan-Consing, chairman of the committee on education of the House of Representatives. The spokesman of the delegation was Pangasinan Division Superintendent of Schools Vitaliano Bernardino, president of the Philippine Public Schools Teachers Association.

Among the 500 callers of the President were delegations from the Government Service Insurance System, the National Federation of Women’s Clubs, the NASSCO Labor Union, the winners of the Manila Chronicle’s student goodwill tour contest, the Philippine Amateur Athletic Federation, and the labor delegation from British North Borneo. The President also received persons with individual problems who sought his help.

At the request of the delegation of the National Federation of Women’s Clubs the President consented to be the guest speaker at the celebration of the golden jubilee of the feminist movement in the Philippines to be held at the Manila Hotel on June 19. The Chief Executive will donate the medals for the awards to be made on the basis of leadership in the feminist movement in the country. He will also present the medals to the awardees.

Members of the NFWC who called on the President were Mesdames Conception Henares, Enriqueta Benavides, Trinidad F. Legarda, Pilar H. Lim. Geronima T. Pecson, and Concepcion Aguila.

Philippine Amateur Athletic Federation President Jorge Vargas accompanied Avery Brundage, president of the International Olympic Committee who paid his respects to the Chief Executive. Brundage is on a world-wide tour and has just been to Australia, where he saw the preparations being made for the next Olympic games in 1956.

Brundage told the President that among all the countries he visited, it is only in Russia where physical and mental development is undertaken as a political weapon. Athletes in Russia, according to Brundage, gather in Moscow once a year to participate in a nationwide meet and are fed with political ideas before the games start. With Vargas and Brundage were Manuel Elizalde and former Congressman Simeon Toribio.

The President also received J. M. McCartney of British North Borneo, who is here for a conference with officials of the Department of Labor regarding the immigration of Filipino laborers to Borneo. Accompanied by National Employment Service Commissioner D. Mohammad de Venancio, McCartney came to Malacañang with two other North Borneo officials.

The winners of the Manila Chronicle student goodwill tour contest also called on the President to bid goodbye. He congratulated the winners and said that they were given a “unique opportunity.” A movie film was taken of the occasion. Accompanying the winners were Bienvenido Calleja. Francisco de Leon and Liborio Gatbonton, all of the Chronicle staff.

A delegation of about 30 members of the GSIS Employees Association requested the President’s help in their desire to be represented on the board of trustees of the GSIS. The President told them to seek the filing of a bill creating another position on the GSIS board of trustees. Spokesman of the delegation was Feline Lopez, president of the association.

Another caller was Carl Furer president of the Kermac Ceramics Incorporated, who showed the Chief Executive samples of the chinaware that they would manufacture here. Furer told the President that his company would employ the services of German experts for the chinaware factory. The President was much pleased by the introduction here of a chinaware factory. With Furer were N. Y. Orosa and E. Chanco, treasurer and engineer, respectively, of the company.

Members of the Philippine Sportswriters Association handed to the President a P1,000-check for the medical treatment of Frank Malinao, a Filipino boxer in India. The President, however, informed the sports-writers that Malinao had already died of cancer a few days ago. The check was returned by the President to Virgilio Pantaleon, spokesman of the PSA. He told them to consider spending the money for bringing the remains of Malinao to Cebu, his native province.

Another group which sought aid from the President was composed of some members of the National Music Council of the Philippines. They sought funds for their activities. The Chief Executive advised them to try” first to solicit financial aid from private individuals and concerns. Among the members of the NMCP who saw the Chief Executive were Julio Esteban Anguita, Lt. Col. Antonino Buenaventura, and Lumen Policarpio.

A delegation from the NASSCO Labor Union also requested the President’s help in solving their problems with the NASSCO management. The Chief Executive told them to sit down first with the management and see him afterwards. Head of the delegation was Pedro Dionisio.

Other callers of the President included Sen. Justiniano S. Montano: Reps. Luis Hora of Mountain Province, Erasmo Cruz of Bulacan, and Apolinario Apacible of Batangas; and Rizal Governor Wenceslao Pascual.

The President this day announced his policy of increasing credit facilities to agriculturists and of giving priority to small fanners in line with the economic and rural development programs of his administration.

The announcement was made during the call this morning of a delegation from the Philippine Chamber of Commerce headed by Carlos Ledesma, chamber president. During the call, the President also asked House Majority Floor Leader Arturo M. Tolentino, who happened to be present, to help expedite passage of a bill pending in Congress appropriating P30 million for the construction of coconut centrals in coconut regions.

Rep. Leon Guinto, Jr., one of the bill’s sponsors, said that the measure would improve the quality of Philippine copra and industrialize the coconut industry by the manufacture of building materials from its by-products. The chamber delegation was accompanied to Malacañang by Commerce Secretary Oscar Ledesma.

Gaudencio Antonino of Nueva Ecija called on the President to present a personal check for P2.000 as his contribution to the earthquake fund.

Two employees of the Bureau of Printing. Juan Flores, a monotype keyboard operator, and Pacifico Advincula, called to follow up a petition signed by some 285 employees of the bureau and previously filed in Malacañang. The petition protested against alleged discrimination in the payment of yearly bonuses granted by law to craftsmen of the bureau.

In the afternoon, President and Mrs. Magsaysay received at Malacañang, Prime Minister and Madame Pibul Songgram of Thailand. The Prime Minister is on a three-day state visit in Manila. He and his lady are house guests of President and Mrs. Magsaysay.

Prime Minister and Madame Songgram and their entourage, accompanied by Vice-President and concurrently Foreign Affairs Secretary and Mrs. Carlos P. Garcia from the airport, arrived at Malacañang grounds at about 5 p.m. The President had sent Maj. Pat Garcia, his aide, to meet the Thailand Prime Minister at the airport.

The Prime Minister was given military honors by the presidential guard battalion after which he was escorted up the Palace by Vice-President Garcia.

President and Mrs. Magsaysay stood at the head of the Malacañang front stairway waiting to receive their guests. The Vice-President introduced Thailand’s Prime Minister to the President and to the First Lady. Madame Pibul Songgram and the other members of the entourage were also introduced to the President.

The President then escorted Prime Minister Pibul Songgram to his study room while Mrs. Magsaysay escorted Madame Pibul Songgram to the music room.

The President and the Prime Minister exchanged amenities, with the President inquiring about the trip. Striking similarities between the Philippines and Thailand, including the people and their products, were mentioned. The President then escorted the Prime Minister to the music room, joining the party of the First Lady and Madame Pibul Songgram. Refreshments were served.

Meanwhile, the President carried on his conversation with the Thailand Prime Minister. In the course of the conversation, the President made exploratory remarks suggesting that the Philippines barter its sugar with Thailand’s rice. It was understood that the Vice-President would carry on further the talks regarding this matter. The Prime Minister told the President that his country exported among others copra, timber, castor oil, and tapioca.

The President thanked the Prime Minister for the courtesies which had been accorded Vice-President Carlos P. Garcia and his party when the Vice-President made a state visit to Thailand during the SEATO conference in Bangkok.

The President and the First Lady then escorted Prime Minister and Madame Pibul Songgram to their living quarters in Malacañang. The other members of the entourage were taken to the Manila Hotel where they would stay.

After receiving his distinguished house guests, the President motored to the Philippine Navy headquarters to attend the turn-over of the dredge Damayan by the FOA to the Philippine Government.

The President delivered a brief speech of acceptance of the dredge on behalf of the Republic, while the First Lady broke a bottle of champagne on the hull of the dredge as she christened it.

The President in his acceptance speech said that the giving of the dredge as a gift by the United States was not only a symbol of the special friendship “between our two peoples but also a most practical and effective tool for our economic betterment.”

He said that with the dredge, the country would be able to tackle one of the most stubborn problems confronting it, the problem of flood control. He added that annual losses from floods in terms of lives, property, and manhours are staggering and that the dredge “will help or cut down these losses considerably.”

The President said that the turn-over of the dredge was another example of the special partnership that binds the Philippines and the United States together.

Public Works Secretary Vicente Orosa made the introductory remarks while Col. Harry A. Brenn, chief of FOA in the Philippines, delivered the “turn-over” speech.

Brenn said: “We all know, Mr. President, that you do not look to outside assistance alone to help your people. You have recognized the investments in dollars and in technical assistance which your partners in the free world have gladly made. But you have also recognized the essential fact that real progress and solid achievement will not come from outside sources but from the Filipinos themselves.”

He added t that the Philippines’ annual economic losses of around P40 million due to ravages of uncontrolled floods is too serious to go unchallenged. He said, “We, partners in the economic development program are meeting that challenge by bringing in this dredge and putting it to work in the heart of the worst flood area.”

“Our faith that it will accomplish its purposes is implicit in the very name we have given it—Damayan—cooperation… the partnership of two free peoples who help themselves by working together for the greater good of both.” the President said.

The President and the First Lady arrived at the Navy compound at 5:55 p.m. They were greeted by Public Works Secretary Orosa, American Ambassador Homer Ferguson, and Col. and Mrs. Brenn. The short program was held in the Navy social hall while the christening ceremony was held on a wharf, alongside of which the dredge was anchored.

The First Lady was aided by ladies of the FOA representatives headed by Mrs. Brenn. As the dredge was about to be christened, the American Flag flying at the dredge’s masthead was lowered to the tune of the American National Anthem and was replaced by the Filipino Flag as the Philippine National Anthem was played.

The President and the First Lady boarded the dredge where refreshments were served. The President first inspected the different parts of the dredge accompanied by Secretary Orosa, Ambassador Ferguson, Col. Brenn, and Commodore Jose M. Francisco, chief of the Navy. Later he joined Mrs. Magsaysay at the deck of the dredge.

Then the President and the First Lady returned to Malacañang.

Earlier in the afternoon, the President received John L. Peters president of World Neighbors, Inc., and Louis W. Gehring, business manager, who paid a courtesy call on the President. They were accompanied by Sen. Tomas Cabili. Peters and Gehring were interested in the rural improvement program of the President. They said that their association had given help to a similar project in Midsayap, Cotabato.

In the evening, the President and the First Lady gave a state dinner at the Palace in honor of Prime Minister and Madame Pibul Songgram. The dinner was attended by high diplomatic and consular representatives and the local foreign service officials, congressional leaders, and members of the Cabinet.

Prime Minister Pibul Songgram of Thailand tonight was awarded the Raja of the Order of Sikatuna, reserved exclusively by the Philippine Government for chiefs of state, at the close of the state dinner offered by President and Mrs. Magsaysay in honor of Premier and Madame Pibul Songgram.

The award was given in recognition of the Thai Premier’s “extraordinary services in fostering the maintenance of close friendly relations between the Republic of the Philippines and the Kingdom of Thailand.”

Malacañang reiterated in the evening that no newspaperman or radio man is on the Malacañang payroll. This announcement was made in view of reports, represented as official, reaching Malacañang that some newspapermen and radio men were paid from contingent funds of the President.

Leon O. Ty, staff member of the Philippines Free Press, saw the President in the morning and complained against insinuations that he was on the Malacañang payroll. Ty asked that the report be denied because it was not true. Rafael Yabut, a radio newscaster, also came to Malacañang a few days ago with the same request.

Rodolfo P. Andal, Malacañang financial assistant, and Salvador C. Dumaual, representative of the General Auditing Office in the Office of the President, today officially wrote the press secretary giving the information that Messrs. Ty and Yabut are not on the Malacañang payroll. Andal and Dumaual added that no newspaperman or radio man is under the employ of Malacañang.

The President this day fired the justice of the peace of La Paz. Leyte and referred the papers of the case to the Department of Justice for possible institution of disbarment and criminal proceedings against the respondent.

In Administrative Order No. 112, the President removed from office Apolinario P. Oriel, who had been charged with: (1) abuse of authority, (2) bribery, (3) inducing a married couple to commit immorality, (4) extorting excessive amounts from the heirs of deceased soldiers, and (5) mysterious accumulation of wealth.

The respondent official was found guilty of charges 3 and 4, but innocent of the rest of the charges. He had been investigated by one of the then district judges of Leyte whose findings and recommendations were concurred in by Justice Secretary Pedro Tuason.

Investigation also revealed that the respondent in 1947, 1948, 1950, and 1951 had received a total sum of P1,260 from the war widow of Longinus Maano out of a total benefit of about P11,000 received by her from the Philippine Veterans Board and the U. S. Veterans Administration for his services in prosecuting her claims. Furthermore, the respondent in 1953 received a total of around P6,000 for similar services out of the total amount of P16.000 received by the heirs of the late soldier, Emilio Denaya, from the U. S. Veterans Administration. Included in this sum was P1,200 which he had promised to return to the Veterans Administration as supposed overpayment but which apparently went to his pocket.

Although Oriel had denied receiving the amounts, the President said: “After a review of the record, I am convinced that he did receive the exorbitant amounts involved for prosecuting the claims of said heirs, thereby violating Republic Act No. 145.”

April 15.EARLY in the morning, the President remembered the seventh anniversary of the death of President Manuel A. Roxas by sending a wreath to the mausoleum of the founder of the Liberal Party. he also ordered an honor guard mounted at the tomb of the late President in the North Cemetery.

The President limited himself to a few callers. He spent a considerable part of the morning in conference with Malacañang assistants who consulted him on pending matters.

During a brief conference with Assistant Executive Secretary Mariano A. Yenko Jr. the President disapproved the proposed detail of Col. Florencio A. Medina of the AFP medical corps to attend a special course on radioisotope at Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies in Tennessee, U. S. A. He also disapproved the proposed detail of three Air Force officers to Dr. Manuel V. Olympia of the CAA, who will represent the Philippines at the meeting of medical experts on hearing and visual requirements to be convened by the International Civil Aviation Organization in Paris, France, this month.

The President’s morning callers included Sen. Jose P. Laurel, Budget Commissioner Dominador R. Aytona, and Rep. Carlos Hilado of Negros Occidental, who informed the Chief Executive of a conflagration raging in the business center of Bacolod City. The President immediately dispatched SWA Administrator Pacita Madrigal Warns to the scene of the disaster in order to look into the relief needs of the victims.

President Magsaysay today contributed to a campaign to raise funds for the reconstruction of Moslem houses of worship and cultural centers destroyed in Mindanao by the earthquakes.

“The recent disaster in Mindanao brought about not only terrific loss of lives and property but also the destruction of temples and other centers symbolic of the faith of our brethren, the Moros,” the President said. “Our program of relief has so far attended to the material needs of the devastated communities but little has been done to give them spiritual uplift which. I believe, is just as essential if we are to restore tranquility among the Moro population of Mindanao.”

The occasion was the call this morning of members of the Moslem Temples Reconstruction Aid Committee. The President formally opened the drive by contributing P500 to the drive.

With Sen. Tomas Cabili as chairman, the committee is composed of Rep. Domocao Alonto of Lanao as vice-chairman, former Sen. Geronima T. Pecson as executive vice-chairman, Alfonso Calalang as treasurer. Raul Beloso as secretary, and the following members: Sen. Emmanuel Pelaez, Rep. Luminog Mangelen of Cotabalo, Rep. Ombra Amilbangsa of Sulu, Public Works Secretary Vicente Orosa, Labor Secretary Eleuterio Adevoso,

Brig. Gen. Eulogio Balao, Dr. Gumersindo Garcia, Manuel Gonzalez, Luis Araneta, Dr. Yu Khe Thai, and Conchita Sunico.

The President this afternoon conferred with RFC Chairman Eduardo Romualdez and gave instructions to facilitate the granting of loans needed in the reconstruction and rehabilitation of Bacolod City. It was reported that the whole business section of the city, including the local RFC building had been gutted by the fire. The President said that he was interested in the speedy rehabilitation of Bacolod City.

Fearing that there would be a scarcity of prime commodities, especially rice, the President ordered NARIC General Manager Juan Chioco to ship immediately enough rice to be sold at low prices to the fire victims. It was directed that if the NARIC had available rice stocks in its bodegas near the scene of the fire, these rice stocks should be sent first to Bacolod City.

To prevent the hoarding of prime commodities like palay, rice, corn, and building or construction materials, and profiteering in these goods, the President told Judge Salvador Esquerra to prepare immediately for his signature a proclamation declaring the existence of a public calamity in Bacolod City. The signing of the proclamation will authorize the Constabulary and the police force to seize hoarded stocks or those bold at exhorbitant prices. Only last April 1, the Chief Executive had issued a similar proclamation in the earthquake-stricken areas in Mindanao.

The President was informed that there was looting and pillaging in the fire area and that the police were helpless to stop this vandalism. Consequently, the Chief Executive directed Lieut. Gen. Jesus Vargas, Armed Forces chief of staff, to reinforce the Constabulary force in Bacolod City to normalize the peace-and-order situation. The President told Gen. Vargas that if the police force in Bacolod City could not cope with the peace-and-order situation, it would be necessary to place it under the Constabulary.

At about 4 p.m., President Magsaysay received top officials of the Manila Cordage Company with whom he conferred on matters pertaining to the abaca and rope industry.

Those who called on him were H. P. Strickler, president, and John L. Leach, sales manager, respectively, of the Manila Cordage Company. The President received his visitors in his ante-room.

The President today issued Proclamation No. 143, declaring the period from April 18 to 24 of every year as Water Conservation Week in order to apprise the public of the danger arising from the indiscriminate use and wastage of water during summer. The President authorized the general manager of the Metropolitan Water District to take appropriate measures to carry out the objectives of the proclamation.

April 16.—THE President did not receive any callers today. He spent the first part of the morning going over pending state papers with Assistant Executive Secretary Mariano A. Yenko, Jr.

Shortly before 9 a.m., the President left the Palace for the Philippine Air Force base operations at Nichols Field, where he inspected 1he maintenance shops, accompanied by Col. Augusto Jurado, wing commander, AFP 410th Air Materiel Wing. Others who showed the President around the hangars were Majors Marte Iglesias, Anselmo Lazo, and Avelino Mata. The President had thought of flying to fire-ravaged Bacolod City but did not do so because of urgent matters awaiting his attention at Malacañang.

Returning to Malacañang at about 10:30, he conferred with Defense Undersecretary Jose M. Crisol, who had just returned the previous evening from Bacolod City. He reported to the President that all the rice stocks were destroyed by the conflagration which razed the main business section of the city. He informed the President that the latter’s instructions for relief of victims were being carried out Crisol said shipments of NARIC rice were being rushed to Bacolod City to offset any possibility of hoarding and profiteering.

Crisol also said that the President’s proclamation declaring the city in a state of public calamity and his decision to liberalize granting of RFC loans to the fire victims had been welcomed by the people of Bacolod City. The President today signed Proclamation No. 147, declaring the existence of a public calamity in the city of Bacolod. The President’s proclamation enforces the provisions of Act No. 4164. It prohibits and penalizes the hoarding of palay, rice, building or construction materials, and other urgent commodities.

The proclamation authorizes the Constabulary commanders of Negros Occidental to seize any stock of palay, rice, corn, and other prime commodities when they are concealed or hoarded for purposes of speculation or profiteering.

In the afternoon the President received the decoration of the Knight Grand Cordon of the Most Exalted Order of the White Elephant, the highest decoration conferred by the government of Thailand.

Thailand’s Prime Minister Pibul Songgram gave the decoration on behalf of the king of Thailand. He presented to President Magsaysay the insignia of the Order during a brief but solemn ceremony held at the Malacañang ceremonial hall. At the same time, the Prime Minister made his formal farewell speech thanking President and Mrs. Magsaysay for the “very cordial welcome given to my wife and myself by the government of the Republic of the Philippines and the generous hospitality extended to us and the Thai members of the goodwill mission.”

After receipt by the President of the insignia, the President thanked the Prime Minister for the honor which, he said, was a “renewed expression of the close and enduring friendship that happily exists between our two countries.”

After the ceremony, Lieut. Gen. Mom Luang Kharb Kunjara, secretary general and aide-de-camp to the Prime Minister, announced that the Prime Minister had donated 200,000 bahts, equivalent to P20.000 as his contribution to the fire victims of Bacolod City.

Later in the evening, the President directed that the decoration be deposited with the Department of Foreign Affairs. Formal acceptance of the decoration will await congressional approval as provided in the Constitution.

The Prime Minister delivered a prepared speech as he presented the insignia of the Order of the White Elephant. He said:

“His Majesty the King. My August Sovereign, holding high esteem the excellent and amicable relations between the Republic of the Philippines and Thailand, which have now become increasingly close and cordial under Your Excellency’s high and wise leadership, has graciously been pleased to confer upon Your Excellency the Knight Grand Cordon of the Most Exalted Order of the White Elephant.

“At this auspicious moment it is my happiest task that I have the honour now to present to Your Excellency the Insignia of the Order, and to extend to Your Excellency my sincerest congratulations on behalf of the Thai Government for the very high honour thus accorded to Your Excellency by my August Master.”

After receiving the insignia placed in a cardinal reel colored box, the President thanked the Prime Minister. The President said:

“I thank Your Excellency and through you. His Majesty the King of Thailand, for this high honor which I regard as being conferred upon my humble person as well as upon the people of the Philippines.

“I am therefore proud and happy to receive it as such and as a renewed expression of the close and enduring friendship that happily exists between our two countries.”

Then the Thailand Prime Minister read a prepared speech of farewell and thanks. He said that his stay in Manila, although a short one, had been the initial step in the fulfillment of “my long cherished desire to pay a visit to Your Excellency who is well known as a staunch supporter of democracy and to have closer view of your country as well as closer contact with your people.”

After the presentation of the insignia, Madame Pibul Songgram presented Mrs. Magsaysay with a souvenir gift consisting of a fancy mirror and comb placed in a gift box.

The President and the Thai Premier shook hands. The Prime Minister then shook the hands of Mrs. Magsaysay and the other officials of the Philippine Government present at the ceremony. He was followed by Madame Pibul Songgram and the rest of the entourage in exchanging handshakes.

The ceremony over, the Thai Premier made a ceremonial bow and left for their living quarters in Malacañang.

Earlier in the day, President Magsaysay offered the yatch Pagasa to Prime Minister Pibul Songgram and his party for a cruise to Corregidor. They were accompanied by Vice-President and Mrs. Carlos P. Garcia. The party returned to Malacañang in the afternoon in time for the presentation of the decoration to the President.

The President has ordered Constabulary control of Bacolod City to stop looting and other forms of lawlessness in the fire-ravaged city, Malacañang announced in the evening.

The President telephoned his order this afternoon to Lieut. Gen. Jesus Vargas, Armed Forces chief of staff. He directed Vargas to send Constabulary forces to Bacolod City to take over peace-and-order responsibilities. The local police force will serve under PC control.

The President took this move in the wake of reports that looting and vandalism have broken out in the ravaged city.

April 17.WHILE the President was having breakfast with his family. Col. Antonio Chanco, chief of the AFP corps of engineers and deputy chairman of the Relief and Reconstruction Authority, arrived.

Col. Chanco submitted a partial report of RRA relief work in the earthquake-stricken areas in Mindanao. Attached to it were long statements and itemized disbursements.

The Presidents went over the report, but later asked Chanco to brief him on the gist of the report.

Col. Chanco reported to the President that distribution of foodstuffs had been stopped, as the areas were already saturated with relief commodities. With the repair of damaged roads, he added, prime commodities could now move normally from one place to another. Chanco estimated that about P120,000 worth of relief goods in the form of rice, dried fish, canned goods, medicines, and light building materials had been distributed to some 84,000 persons, or about 16,000 families, during two weeks of RRA operations. Most of these families were residents of towns around Lake Lanao like Tugoya, Bacolod Grande, Ganassi, and Masiu. These had been hardest hit by the earthquakes.

With the relief phase of its work over, the RRA is now concentrating on the repair or reconstruction of damaged public works, such as roads bridges, public buildings, water systems, and portworks. The entire area had already been surveyed by RRA engineers headed by Division Engineer Rafael Contreras, who had made estimates for the rehabilitation of damaged structures.

Chanco reported that a total of P667.450 had been allocated for three of the hardest hit provinces: namely, Lanao, which had been allocated P504.450; Misamis Occidental, which had been given P108.000; and Zamboanga del Sur, whose allocation was P55,000. About P200 000 of these estimated expenses will come from regularly appropriated public works fund and the rest will be disbursed from the President’s contingent funds.

Results of the survey indicated that previous reports on damages by local officials and residents had been somewhat exaggerated, probably because of hysteria, Chanco observed in his report. More sober estimates had been arrived at after a series of conferences among local engineers and engineers assigned with the RRA, including Demetrio Capuyoc, Rizal district engineer, who had been temporarily detailed to the stricken areas.

The President congratulated members of the RRA for a job well done. He was pleased to learn that, pending accurate estimates of actual damages and formal allocation of funds for their repair, the RRA engineers had gone ahead with the reconstruction of roads and bridges to restore normalcy to the areas as soon as possible.

The President conferred with Col. Chanco for almost one hour. He did not receive any ether caller.

After his conference with the RRA deputy chairman, the President about 10:30 a.m. boarded his car and left Malacañang. He returned for lunch at 12:30 p.m.

April 18.—CANCELLING his scheduled callers this morning, the President closeted himself in his private study where he had a series of conferences with Malacañang assistants who consulted him on pending matters. Among his few visitors early in the morning were Sens. Claro M. Recto and Justiniano S. Montano and some representatives, including Celestino Juan of Nueva Ecija, Felipe Garduque of Cagayan, Leon Guinto. Jr., of Quezon, and Pio Duran and Justino Nuyda of Albay.

The President designated Mario Marcos, an economist of the Central Bank, as member of the Philippine delegation to the Asian-African conference in Bandung, Indonesia, on the recommendation of CB Governor Miguel Cuaderno. Marcos replaces Leonides S. Virata, who cannot leave for the conference owing to an illness of a member of his family.

The President decided to designate Marcos in the course of his conference with Ambassador Felino Neri this morning during which they went over some cables from Secretary Carlos P. Romulo, head of the Philippine delegation now in Bandung.

About 10:30 a.m., the President flew to Bacolod City to view the ruins of the P25 million fire in that area.

President Magsaysay today released P100,000 in Bacolod City to be used to clean the debris before starting reconstruction of the fire-razed buildings of the city.

The President released the amount immediately after he had heard the plaints of hundreds of laborers lined up on the streets of the city clamoring to be given jobs in the reconstruction work. From the Bacolod airport where the President arrived in his plane Pagasa, the President motored directly to the burned section of the city, arriving there at 12:55 p.m. Here he found hundreds of people lining the streets six-deep, asking to be taken in lo work, but waiting for availability of funds.

The President then conferred with Rep. Carlos Hilado, Gov. Valeriano Gatuslao, City Mayor Manuel M. Villanueva, City Treasurer Sixto Castillo, Economic Coordination Administrator Alfredo Montelibano, RFC Chairman Eduardo Romualdez, Bacolod RFC Branch Manager Emilio Salvatierra, AFP Chief of Staff Lieut. Gen. Jesus Vargas, Constabulary Chief Brig. Florencio Selga, 3rd MA Commander Col. Cornelio Bondad, and PC Provincial Commander Lt. Col. Abenir Bornales. The impromptu conference was held at the house of Dr. and Mrs. Eduardo Garcia, near the site of the conflagration. During the conference, the following matters were taken up:

(1) Immediate employment of all available laborers for the cleaning up of the debris so that reconstruction work can begin as early as possible;

(2) Immediate reconstruction of the burned down market which was valued at P335.000;

(3) Aid in the reconstruction of houses and buildings by the Rehabilitation Finance Corporation; and

(4) Rehabilitation of the about 500 families whose houses had been burned down.

The President first asked City Mayor Villanueva about the problems of his city. The mayor said that the pressing and immediate need of the city was emergency employment for some 2,000 persons who had been affected by the fire and who had been laid off from work in the sugar centrals.

The President told the mayor that he was releasing immediately P100, 000 from his contingent funds in order to give immediate employment to the jobless. They will be hired to clean the entire burned area of debris and rubble.

The President said that inasmuch as Bacolod City had just received the sum of P179 741.43 which was released from its pre-war deposits, P100.000 out of this amount can be used immediately for the payment of laborers. This will be reimbursed later by the P100,000 which would be sent from Manila coming from the contingent funds. He said that Finance Secretary Jaime Hernandez would issue the authority for the advance of this money immediately.

The President told Mayor Villanueva to have the city council file immediately with the RFC the necessary loan for the reconstruction of the market. This reconstruction work was given priority in the overall reconstruction and rehabilitation work. The President told the mayor to instruct the city engineer to work immediately on the plans for the market and to present it in three days.

RFC Chairman Romualdez said during the meeting that the RFC was ready to help finance reconstruction work in Bacolod City. He gave out the following order of priorities: (1) the public market, (2) residential buildings, (3) residential-commercial buildings, and (4) commercial buildings.

OEC Administrator Montelibano, who participated in the discussions, informed the President that he had allowed some 500 families whose houses have been burned to construct temporary homes in the Capitol Subdivision (Montelibano-owned) rent-free for one year. He insisted that in the reconstruction of the city, the reconstruction code of the City of Manila be adopted in order that the reconstructed city will be raised along modern lines. He informed the President that the presidents of the Rotary Club, the Jaycees, and the two factions of the Lions have formed a citizens committee to help in the reconstruction work.

The President told the officials to start the reconstruction as soon as possible and said that he would follow through the progress of the work.

During the conference, it was brought out that there were suspicions that the fire had been intentionally caused, as empty cans of gasoline had been found near a burned building. It was also revealed that three weeks before the fire the CAFA had made a raid on suspicious characters in the city. This aspect of the fire was still being investigated by the PC.

Col. Bondad said that at present there are 96 PC men who have taken over police duties. Under the Constabulary there are 205 members of the police force who are cooperating in the preservation of peace and order. Bondad said that the peace-and-order situation in Bacolod City is normal.

At the airport Dr. Joaquin Canuto of the Philippine National Red Cross said that all the relief organizations in Bacolod City; namely, the Social Welfare Administration, the Philippine National Red Cross, and even the Salvation Army have coordinated their efforts. As a result he said relief was being administered very smoothly.

The President took off from the Bacolod airport at 2:45 p.m. and arrived at the Manila International Airport at 4:35 p.m. With him in the plane were RFC Chairman Romualdez, General Vargas, and Assistant Press Secretary Guillermo V. Sison.

April 19.—PRESIDENT Magsaysay this morning followed a heavy schedule of callers composed mainly of provincial delegations localities which sought financial assistance for pressing projects in their respective localities.

The President started by the day7:30 a.m. with a breakfast conference with Gen. William L. Lee, U. S. 13th Air Force commanding general in Clark Field, Pampanga. Also present at the breakfast table were Miss Dorothy Brandon of the New York Herald-Tribune and Press Secretary J. V. Cruz.

After breakfast, the President repaired to his private study, where he held a series of conferences with some members of his Cabinet and Malacañang assistants who consulted him on various pending matters.

Economic Coordination Administrator Alfredo Montelibano called to report the purchase by the NARIC of 20,000 tons of rice from Thailand to avert local rice shortage. Montelibano informed the President that the first shipment of 5,000 tons is expected to arrive in Manila by the end of this month.

Agriculture Undersecretary Jaime Ferrer called to propose the increase of appropriations for cadastral survey to facilitate the issuance of titles and to enable small farmers to obtain credit for the improvement of their farms as soon as possible. Ferrer said that the present rate of distribution of titles which is 50,000 a year should be accelerated to dispose of a large bulk of applications pending in the Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources.

The President began receiving scheduled callers at his executive office about 9 a.m.

W. Douglas, president of the People’s Bank and Trust Company, called to present five checks totalling P3,000 for the earthquake fund drive. One check was for P2.000 contributed by the estate of William J. Shaw, and the rest were for P250 each contributed by Charlotte E. Heilborhn and H. J. Belden, who are now in the U. S., by the People’s Bank and Trust Company and by Douglas himself.

Another check for P134 was contributed by the FGU Insurance Employees and Workers Association for the earthquake fund. The check was presented by Florencio Ibarra, president of the association.

A delegation from the Lions Club of San Pablo City sought the President’s assistance in their campaign to raise funds for the development and beautification of Sampaloc Lake, one of the scenic spots in Laguna. Headed by Zosimo Tanalaga. local Lions president, members of the delegation expressed their determination to transform the lake site into one of the country’s main tourist attractions.

A large delegation of municipal officials from Leyte requested funds for the construction of irrigation systems, roads, and other projects for their municipalities. The group was accompanied by Gov. Bernardo Torres and Reps. Alberto Aguja, Carlos Tan, Daniel Romualdez, and Francisco Pajao.

Another large delegation was from Sta. Rita, Pampanga, which requested the construction of several artesian wells in their barrios. The delegation was accompanied by Rep. Diosdado Macapagal.

Other delegations were those headed by Reps. Wenceslao Lagumbay of Laguna, Manuel Enverga of Quezon. Ismael Veloso of Davao, Floro Crisologo of Ilocos Sur, Enrique Corpus of Zambales, Emilio Cortez of Pampanga, Roseller T. Lim of Zamboanga del Sur, Alberto Ubay of Zamboanga del Norte, Guillermo Sanchez of Agusan, and Carmen Dinglasan-Consing of Capiz; Govs. Rafael Lazatin of Pampanga, Guideon Quijano of Misamis Occidental, Eliseo Quirino of Ilocos Sur, Manuel Escudero of Sorsogon. and Adelmo Camacho of Bataan.

The President received callers until 12:30 p.m. Then he had lunch with Mons. Egidio Vagnozzi who called to say goodbye. The papal nuncio is returning to Rome on an extended leave of absence.

President Magsaysay conferred today with the Philippine panel to the forthcoming SEATO military planners meeting in Baguio City and they crystalized the Philippine position on various matters to be taken up at the conference. The conference was held behind closed doors at the Camp Murphy conference room from 1:30 to 3:25 p.m.

Brig. Gen. Pelagio A. Cruz, Philippine Air Force commanding general and chairman of the panel, briefed the conference on tentative attitudes framed by the group on matters likely to be brought up at the SEATO meet. Because of their classified nature, no details were released.

The President expressed his gratification over the thorough preparatory work done by the Philippine group and congratulated Gen. Cruz and the members of the panel.

President at the conference were Defense Secretary Sotero Cabahug, Defense Undersecretary Jose M. Crisol, Lieut. Gen. Jesus Vargas, Brig. Gen. Eulogio Balao, Brig. Gen. Alfonso Arellano, and Press Secretary J. V. Cruz.

Panel members present, besides Gen. Cruz, were Captain Rafael Pargas, PN, vice-chairman; Col. Roman T. Gavino, secretary, and Col. Marcos Soliman, Col. Nicanor Jimenez, Col. Oscar Rialp, Col. Dionisio Ojeda, Col. Ismael Lapus, Col. Manuel Salientes, Col. Juan Arroyo, Col. Jose B. Ramos, PAF, Lt. Col. Felix Maniego, Lt. Col. Tomas C. Tirona, PAF, Lt. Col. Fidel Llamas, Cdr. Felix Apolinario, PN, Maj. Ernesto del Castillo, and Maj. Renato de la Fuente, members.

The President today signed Administrative Order No. 113, withdrawing the penalty of reprimand and warning previously imposed on Eduardo Taylor, former general manager of the Cebu Portland Cement Company, who was “exonerated of the charges against him.”

In Administrative Order No. 93, Taylor had been reprimanded and warned for carrying his political conviction “beyond proper bounds and for being remiss in the discharge of his duties.”

The new administrative order said that “it would seem that the purpose of the disciplinary action imposed in Administrative Order No. 93 became academic and would accomplish no useful purpose.”

Administrative Order No. 113 also took cognizance of the 30 years of service that Taylor had rendered in the government corporation as “highly satisfactory” and that the acts for which he had been punished did not adversely reflect on his honesty and integrity.

The President’s modification of the previous administrative order was made upon recommendation of Justice Secretary Pedro Tuason. The secretary of justice had ruled that the recommendation for the reprimand and warning had been made on the assumption that Taylor would continue in the service. However, Taylor applied for retirement which was subsequently approved by the board of directors of the CEPOC, effective at the close of business hours of January 31, 1955.

April 20.—YIELDING to the request of Liberal Party leaders, the President woke up early and met the LPs in his ante-room at 7:15 this morning.

The Liberals, headed by Rep. Eugenio Perez of Pangasinan, LP president, told the President that they were not sitting with the other parties at the scheduled breakfast conference this morning. They announced that they were formally severing bi-partisan cooperation with the Nacionalistas on domestic and foreign policy issues.

The LPs honored the President’s invitation to discuss an agenda of pending legislative measures, but they steadfastly refused to sit down with leaders of the majority in talks with the President.

The opposition men conferred with the President for 40 minutes and approved in principle to support administration bills that will “benefit the people as a whole.” They left five minutes before 8 a.m., when the majority leaders arrived to confer with the President on the same bills.

House Minority Floor Leader Perez said their stand to boycott bipartisan issues does not imply the minority will ignore congressional measures that would redound to the public welfare. He said the Liberal Party will cooperate with the President in the prosecution of all executive and legislative policies intended to benefit the country as a whole.

With Perez were Sen. Quintin Paredes and Reps. Cornelio T Villareal of Capiz, Diosdado Macapagal of Pampanga, and Ferdinand Marcos of Ilocos Norte.

The Nacionalista Party leaders in the breakfast conference with the President which followed also gave their approval of the administration-sponsored bills.

In separate meetings with Coalition and Liberal Party leaders this morning, the President was assured they will support:

(1) The land tenure bill;
(2) The agrarian courts bill;
(3) Legislation to expedite disposition of cadastral cases; and
(4) Release from the bond issue of P10 million to expedite the survey and distribution of public lands and titles.

The Liberals also pledged support of the home-financing bill provided it was revised to provide more opportunities for people in the rural areas to acquire homes. The Coalition leaders, while agreeing with the intentions and spirit of the legislation, urged that it be studied further with a view to clarifying ”doubtful” parts.

For this purpose, the Coalition conference named Sen. Gil Puyat and Rep. Jose Roy, representing their respective chambers, to constitute a committee of three with Commodore Jose V. Andrada, PN, Malacañang technical adviser, to study the proposed legislation. Andrada has been studying the measure for Malacañang.

The support extended to the other measures was likewise conditional on some amendments adopted by the Coalition conference.

The Liberals expressed support of the land tenure bill pending in the House of Representatives provided stress was laid on negotiated purchase rather than expropriation in the purchase of landed estates for subsequent distribution to tenants.

On the other hand, some Coalition leaders, like Sen. Lorenzo M. Tañada and Rep. Arturo M. Tolentino expressed doubts over the constitutionality of the provision requiring landowners to accept “land certificates” as payment for expropriated holdings. They said the provision might violate the just compensation clause in the Constitution.

President Magsaysay suggested that, if this were so, the bill be amended to provide for cash payment for expropriated properties.

The Coalition conference agreed that in any event, the land tenure bill, which has been frozen in the House committee on agrarian and social welfare, should be reported out immediately. Changes in the law could then be worked in during its consideration on the floor. The President emphasized the urgency of selling up a workable and effective machinery for the breakup and distribution of private estates to tenants.

Both conferences also agreed to support the agrarian court’s bill, with the amendment that they will be placed under the Department of Justice instead of under the Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources as proposed by the Government Survey and Reorganization Commission.

On the need for legislation to help expedite disposition of cadastral cases, the Coalition meet agreed to ask the Department of Justice to study a bill aimed at expanding the jurisdiction of justices of the peace to include cadastral cases. This will expedite their disposition. The Liberals also favored any move towards speeding up adjudication of cadastral cases.

Both groups agreed to support the release of P10 million from the bond issue to expedite the survey and distribution of public lands and titles.

The President suggested that controversial provisions of the bill be studied by the committee and submitted anew for consideration.

Those who attended the Coalition conference were Senate President Eulogio Rodriguez and Sens. Lorenzo M. Tañada, Claro M. Recto, Jose P. Laurel, Cipriano Primicias. Tomas Cabili, and Fernando Lopez; Speaker Jose Laurel, Jr.; Speaker Protempore Daniel Z. Romualdez; and Reps. Arturo M. Tolentino of Manila, Tobias Former of Antique, Ismael Veloso of Davao, Constancio Castañeda of Tarlac, Lamberto Macias of Negros Oriental, and Jose J. Roy of Tarlac.

After his conference with the majority solons, the President received Reps. Roy and Castañeda to thresh out their dispute over the distribution of political patronage in their province, Tarlac.

President Magsaysay also received Labor Secretary Eleuterio Adevoso who accompanied officials of the Philippine Trade Union Confederation.

After receiving a few callers, the President presided over the Cabinet meeting which lasted until 12:30 p.m.

The start of atomic research in the Philippines and its participation in the atoms-for-peace program was seen with the acceptance by President Magsaysay and the Cabinet today of the requirements behind an offer by the United States to send a complete atomic research reactor to the Philippines.

Vice-President and concurrently Foreign Affairs Secretary Carlos P. Garcia informed the Cabinet that the United States had offered to send to Manila a complete atomic research reactor with the necessary uranium without cost to the government. He said, however, that before this reactor could be sent the Philippine Government should first agree to the following terms:

(1) That the Philippine Government should initiate the request for the sending of the atomic research reactor;

(2) That the Philippine Government should pay for its operation and maintenance; and

(3) That the Philippine Government should guarantee the conservation of its uranium resources.

The President and the Cabinet members agreed to these requirements and consequently directed Vice-President Garcia to take the necessary steps towards the acquisition of the atomic reactor. It was believed that the acquisition of such an apparatus would be an incentive to local scientists to engage in atomic research work as is being conducted in other countries to further the growth of atomic knowledge and apply its peaceful uses for the benefit of mankind.

The Vice-President informed the Cabinet that according to information received by him, the maintenance and operation of the apparatus would not be very costly. He also said that he had consulted with Dr. Amando Clemente of the University of the Philippines, who is the chairman of the atomic research committee of the Philippines, and that the Filipino scientist endorsed the proposal. Garcia further said that Filemon C. Rodriguez, coordinator of U. S. aid, had also favorably endorsed the matter.

In the afternoon, the President signed five bills into law and vetoed one. The bills signed were:

(1) House Bill No. 684, seeking to convert all specially organized provinces into regularly organized provinces. The bill provides that officers in any of the specially organized provinces appointed to, or occupying elective positions shall continue to hold office until their successors shall have been elected and qualified in the next regular elections for provincial and municipal officials;

(2) House Bill No. 145, amending the first paragraph of section 24 of Act No. 3992 as amended, by requiring any person desiring to secure a professional drivers license to obtain first a police clearance, free of charge, from the police department of the city or municipality where he resides;

(3) House Bill No. 885, amending Item 21 of the Public Works project for Quezon Province, making the amount of P5,000 appropriated under Republic Act No. 670 for construction of the Hanagdon-Antipolo school building available for the construction of the Sto. Cristo building in Sariaya, Quezon.

(4) House Bill No. 688, changing the name of Trinidad town in Davao to Jose Abad Santos; and

(5) House Bill No. 132, changing the name of barrio Pajarito in Sibalom, Antique, to Catmon.

The President vetoed House Bill No. 2221, making the amount of P25.000 appropriated under Republic Act No. 670 available for the construction of the Agoncillo-San Nicolas road in Taal. The President vetoed the measure upon recommendation of Public Works Secretary Vicente Orosa, who said that the said amount of P25.000 appropriated for the Lemery-Agoncillo road had already been expended.

The President acted on these six legislative measures in his anteroom in the presence of Legislative Secretary Jose C. Nable.

The President also conferred with Assistant Executive Secretary Mariano A. Yenko, Jr., who consulted him on routine matters.

The President today ordered the suspension of Mayor Lorenzo Formoso of Vigan, Ilocos Sur, following serious administrative charges filed against the mayor by Rep. Floro S. Crisologo.

The President, at the same time, assigned a special investigator, Mariano Almeda, assistant to the NBI director, to conduct the investigation of the charges which included murder, bribery, immorality, terrorism, extortion, malversation of public property, maintenance of gambling and other forms of vices, corruption in office, dishonesty, and maladministration.

The Chief Executive decided to take a direct hand in the case in view of the serious nature of the charges against the Vigan mayor and in order to insure a fair and impartial investigation. He directed Almeda to see to it that the respondent “mayor be afforded “full opportunity to defend himself personally or by counsel.”

Copy of the order of suspension was sent to Vigan Vice-Mayor Benito Fama, who was directed to assume the office of acting mayor pending final determination of the administrative preceedings against Formoso.

In his complaint formally filed with Malacañang, Crisologo specified a total of 19 charges duly supported with affidavits. He asked for the immediate suspension and eventual dismissal of the Vigan mayor.

Formoso, among other things, was charged with:

(1) Having sold a fire engine belonging to the municipality worth P20, 000 for only P600 on December 22, 1954:

(2) Demanding and receiving bribe and protection money from gambling establishments, from persons who may have cases in court, and from Chinese residents in the town;

(3) Having “masterminded” the killing of one Domingo Ramos, a resident of another town;

(4) Demanding and receiving a share in the insurance money of destroyed buildings and goods following a fire which gutted the commercial section of Vigan;

(5) Maintaining gambling in his own house and allocating the income from such gambling to the repair and rehabilitation of his home;

(6) Maintaining queridas “under scandalous circumstances” in Vigan and other towns and holding illicit relations with other women, married and unmarried, including women employees in his office;

(7) Initiating police fund campaigns and pocketing all the proceeds which were never accounted for; and

(8) Getting a “cut” of the salaries of many of his employees.

April 21.—FOR a change, the President switched this morning from the usual political breakfast with senators and representatives to a spiritual breakfast conference with members of the Knights of Columbus who are now in Manila to celebrate their Golden Jubilee.

Among those present in the breakfast were Agriculture Secretary and Mrs. Salvador Araneta. Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Reyes. Mrs. Maire Wesseling, Mrs. Catherine Switzer, ex-Justice Manuel Lim, Fr. George Wilmann, and Mr. and Mrs. Ernesto Lagdameo.

After his breakfast with the knights, the President received former President and Mrs. Sergio Osmeña, who called prior to their return to Cebu Health Secretary Paulino Garcia accompanied the Osmeñas to the Palace. The former president came to Manila for a minor operation.

Then the President proceeded to his executive office, where he received Chou Shu-kai, minister plenipotentiary of China, who accompanied seven newspapermen from Taipeh, Formosa.

A short interview with the President was recorded on tape by Pan Chi Yuan of the China Broadcasting Corporation. President Magsaysay was interrogated in Chinese with Minister Chou acting as interpreter.

The President extended his best wishes and regards to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, who had expressed the same sentiments to the President through Minister Chou.

Mrs. Linda Barcenas, president of the Philippine Federation of Business and Professional Women’s Club, accompanied by the nine members of the club also called to pay their respects. A resolution of the club affirming their support to the Administration was read. Another resolution was read asking the President to give more opportunities to women to participate in the government service.

Rep. Ricardo Ladrido of Iloilo also came to see the President and reported on the over-all situation in his district. He also reported on the progress of the P75 million irrigation project in Iloilo, which he said may be inaugurated by May of this year.

The President this morning received officers of the United Harbor Pilot Association of the Philippines who presented him with a check for P1,000 for the Liberty Wells fund and another check for P1,000 for the earthquake fund. The association’s contributions were handed by Marcelo Ayesa, president of the organization.

Officers of the Philippine Association of University Women also called to present a P500-check for the earthquake fund drive. The check was handed by Mrs. Concepcion Aguila, association president.

Paul Wood, president of the International Harvester Company of the Philippines, bade the Chief Executive goodbye prior to his return to the U. S. on a three-month business trip. During the call, President Magsaysay expressed his desire to see more American business in this company like the International Harvester whose multi-million-peso investments had helped considerably in the rehabilitation of Philippine industries. He also expressed hope that American capital share Harvester’s faith and confidence in the Philippines and come to this country in that same spirit of service which animated this company 50 years ago.

Ralph Bradford, visiting international vice-president of the American Chamber of Commerce, called to pay his respects following his recent arrival here. He was accompanied by Commerce Secretary Oscar Ledesma.

Roy Holt, visiting manager of the California Pacific Corporation, also called to pay his respects. He was accompanied by executives of the Henares and Sons Co. headed by Larry Henares.

A delegation from the Philippine Association of Agriculturists requested the President to proclaim May 5 as Agricultural Science Day. Headed by Demetrio Santos, association president, the delegation also invited the President to be guest at their agricultural convention to be held in Manila early next month.

Another delegation composed of paint importers protested against the total banning of the importation of paints. With Hugh Rincon of General Paints Corporation as their spokesman, the group explained that local manufacturers were as yet unable to produce sufficient quantities to fill the country s requirements.

The President received callers until 12:30 p.m. Other visitors included delegations headed by Gov. Vicente Constantino and Rep. Leon Guinto, Jr., of Quezon; Reps. Rodolfo Ganzon of Iloilo, Vicente L. Peralta of Sorsogon, Francisco Ortega of La Union; and Govs. Francisco Infantado of Mindoro Oriental and Felix Caro of Isabela.

Trade relations between the Philippines on one hand and Laos and Cambodia on the other have been reestablished since the Philippines formally recognized these two countries, Malacañang announced today. Since the act of recognition, Malacañang said, Laos and Cambodia were stricken off the list of countries with which Filipinos may not trade.

The Malacañang announcement was made in view of inquiries received as to the legality and practicability of conducting trade with those two countries. Every government agency concerned, Malacañang said, has been instructed to give every facility to Filipinos desiring to transact business with Laos and Cambodia.

Without previous notice and schedule, the President slipped out of Manila in the afternoon and took off in his new Cessna plane for Baguio City to visit his family in the Mansion House. He was accompanied by Lt. Col. Emilio Borromeo and Maj. Pat Garcia, his aides.

April 22.—BAGUIO City officialdom must have been unaware of the arrival of the President in the summer capital the previous day as City Mayor Alfonso Tabora came to Manila this morning to see the President.

At 2:45 o’clock in the afternoon, the President again took off in his now Cessna plane and flew to Poro Point. He arrived at the La Union beach resort 20 minutes later.

According to reports received at Malacañang in the evening, the President was motoring toward Manila and was to be expected at the Palace before midnight. The President arrived in Malacañang about 10 p.m.

The President was reported to have given today Secretary Carlos P. Romulo, chief Philippine delegate to the current Asian-African conference in Bandung, Indonesia, the go-signal to meet with Red China Premier Chou En-lai on the Formosa issue. Romulo was instructed merely to “listen” to what Prime Minister Chou had to say on the matter.

April 23.FOR the third time in a week the President flew to Baguio City to check preparations for the coming military planners conference of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO). He left so early this morning that nobody seemed to have noticed him leave the Palace.

The President took off in his new Cessna plane at Nichols Air Base about 9:15 a.m., arriving in the summer capital about 10 a.m.

From the Loakan airport, the President motored to the Mansion House to visit his family.

After conferring with Lieut. Gen. Jesus Vargas, Armed Forces chief of staff, in connection with the participation of the Philippine delegation at the SEATO military planners conference, the President returned to Manila, arriving here al 5: 30 p.m. He was accompanied by Lt. Col. Jonas Victoria, PAF. Nichols Air Base commander, Maj. Pat. Garcia, and his personal valet.

The President this day named Dr. Jesus C. Azurin as director of the Bureau of Quarantine and Jose Villa Panganiban as director of the Institute of National Language.

Azurin replaces Dr. Rufino Abriol, retired, while Panganiban takes the place of Cecilio Lopez, who had been acting director of the Institute of National Language.

The President also named the members of the newly created Board of National Education. Appointed to the board were Teodoro Evangelista, Jesus Paredes, Jr., Marcelo Acayan, V. Catapusan, Salih Uttutalum, Felicidad Silva, and Toribio Teodoro. All these appointments were forwarded this day to the Commission on Appointments for confirmation.

Malacañang also announced the designation of Joaquin Chipeco and Eduardo Ortigas as members of the Home Financing Commission, vice Ramon V. del Rosario and Angel Padilla, resigned.

Malacañang today recommended a more severe penalty for the erring officials of the National Mental Hospital in connection with the death of Lope K. Chamcoco, a patient.

President Magsaysay upon receiving the report of Health Secretary Paulino Garcia, recommending only three months suspension for the erring officials and transferring them to other hospitals, directed Assistant, Executive Secretary Mariano A. Yenko, Jr., to refer the papers of the case to the Bureau of Civil Service with a recommendation for a one-year suspension of the hospital officials. The Bureau of Civil Service is empowered by law to administer the punishment to erring employees.

The President also directed that Health Secretary Garcia make a thorough study and investigation of the rules and regulations of the National Mental Hospital with the end in view of avoiding the repetition of the unfortunate incidents surrounding the death of Chamcoco. He further directed that Garcia look into the status of previous legislation seeking the construction of regional mental hospitals to avoid congestion of mental patients in the national hospital and give them more facilities. He ordered that ways and means be sought to provide all possible conveniences and treatment facilities for mental patients.

The officers involved in the case were Emiliano de Guzman, acting superintendent of the National Mental Hospital, and Anatalio Montesines and Teodoro Robel, administrative clerks. It was charged that the late Chamcoco had died unattended in a toilet bathroom adjoining the hospital ward and that his body had been discovered by his wife in the bathroom with mutilations in the face, neck, and other parts of his body due to rat bites allegedly inflicted while the deceased had been in the bathroom. It was further charged that the family had not been notified of the serious illness and death of Chamcoco until his wife came to visit him.

An investigation committee composed of Drs. Ricardo L. Alfonso and Clemente Gatmaitan reported that the deceased had been attended to by a physician and a nurse up to the last moments of his life in his sick bed, and that it had not been definitely determined that the mutilations had occurred in the hospital morgue.

The committee found out that acting Superintendent Guzman had been lax in the supervision of his subordinate personnel, that Montesines had failed to take the necessary steps beyond routinary procedures in contacting the family of the deceased and in properly disposing of the body within the specified period, and that Robel had failed to carry out the instructions of the acting superintendent.

In his report to the President, Health Secretary Garcia said that the failure of the involved employees to use the right judgment or exercise plain common sense, in not having notified the relatives of the deceased within a reasonable time, thus allowing the cadaver to stay in the morgue for approximately 30 hours, was a “clear-cut evidence that they have been recreant to their duties as public employees.”

April 24.—PRESIDENT Magsaysay left Malacañang at 6:30 this morning for the Manila International Airport, where he saw Executive Secretary Fred Ruiz Castro off. Castro boarded a NWA plane bound for the United States where he would enter the Walter Reed Hospital for medical treatment.

A big crowd was at the airport to see Secretary Castro off. Among the officials present were Health Secretary Paulino Garcia, Defense Secretary Sotero Cabahug, Labor Secretary Eleuterio Adevoso, Press Secretary J. V. Cruz, and Assistant Executive Secretaries Mariano A. Yenko Jr., and Enrique C. Quema. Also present was Mrs. Castro.

While at the airport, the President talked with several department secretaries. He wished his executive secretary Godspeed and good health and cheered him up with: “Don’t worry I will take care of you.”

Castro was accompanied by Dr. Wigberto Clavecilla, Malacañang physician. Both are traveling on private funds.

Yenko will be acting executive secretary during Castro’s absence. He has been filling that position since Castro went on leave about a month ago on orders of his physician.

From the airport the President and Ms aide, Maj. Pat Garcia, motored to the house of Dr. and Mrs. Jose Corpus in the Malacañang compound, where he ate his breakfast with his parents. Mrs. Magsaysay and her children were still in Baguio City.

After breakfast, the President worked continuously from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. on pending state papers.

At about 3 p.m., the President flew to his hometown, Castillejos, Zambales, where he continued working on state papers. He flew back to Manila and arrived at Malacañang about 5 p.m., in time for his scheduled conferences with RRA officials and Col. Harry A. Brenn, local FOA chief.

In the afternoon, the President received the final report of the Relief and Reconstruction Authority on its work in the earthquake devastated areas in Mindanao. RRA Chairman Manuel P. Manahan, together with Col. Antonio Chanco, chief of the AFP corps of engineers, Division Engineer Rafael Contreras, and Accounting Officer Sotero H. Bay, all RRA members, called on the President to submit their final report.

RRA Chairman Manuel P. Manahan informed the President that the sum of P836,627.71 has been expended as follows: P639.750 for public works and P142.877.71 for relief goods, including transportation and overhead expenses. He reported that out of P836,627.71 expended, only P561.627.71 had been taken from the President’s contingent funds, as P275,000 has been charged against Republic Act No. 917.

Manahan told the Chief Executive that reconstruction work in the affected areas was continuing smoothly under local officials, requiring only a regular follow-up by RRA officials. He said that conditions in the area are now normal. Col. Chanco said that all the damaged roads had been reconstructed and that there are better roads now than those existing before the quake.

The President was pleased with the report and congratulated all the RRA officials and their personnel and all other entities for the efficiency with which they had tackled the relief and reconstruction work.

The President this afternoon also conferred with Col. Harry A. Brenn, local FOA chief, and discussed with him in a general way the FOA program in the Philippines, including the $9.5 million United States aid.

Among the matters taken up by the President with Brenn were the establishment of the division cantonments, the construction program for the jet aircraft facilities in the Basa Air Base, and the granting of FOA industrial loans. No details were given about the discussions.

After the conference with Col. Brenn, the President took up with Col. Antonio P. Chanco, chief of the AFP corps of engineers, the needs for cantonment training.

Malacañang announced today that President Magsaysay had received the report of Education Secretary Gregorio Hernandez, Jr., on the investigation of Private Schools Director Daniel Salcedo. It was revealed that the President had found the education secretary’s recommendation to be lenient and that the President was not satisfied. The President is still studying the matter carefully.

April 25.—SHAKING off at the Nichols Air Base at 8:45 this morning on board the plane Laong-Laan the President arrived at Loakan airport at 9:30 a.m., accompanied by Lt. Col. Emilio Borromeo, his aide; Manuel Zamora, Malacañang protocol officer; and Milagros, the President’s younger daughter. The President went to Baguio City to be present at the opening of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) conference of military planners.

The Chief Executive used the Laong-Laan, as he had loaned his presidential plane Pagasa to former President and Mrs. Sergio Osmeña, who returned to Cebu this morning.

After going over some pending state papers he took along in the Guest House, the President directed Education Secretary Gregorio Hernandez Jr., to forward to him the papers on the administrative case of Darnel Salcedo director of the Bureau of Private Schools.

The President had a late lunch with Mrs. Magsaysay, Press Secretary J V Cruz, and newsmen at the Guest House. The newsmen sounded the President out on his reelection plans, but the President gave no indication of his plans.

The President today sent the following cable to Secretary Carlos P. Romulo:

“HEARTIEST CONGRATULATIONS TO YOU AND MEMBERS PHILIPPINE DELEGATION FOR BRILLIANT PERFORMANCE AT BANDUNG STOP YOU HAVE UPHELD HIGHEST INTEREST OF THE PHILIPPINES AS WELL AS THE FREE WORLDS OF WHICH WE ARE PROUDLY A PART STOP THE ENTIRE COUNTRY JOINS ME IN GREETING YOU FOR JOB WELL DONE STOP”

Malacañang this day officially informed Health Secretary Paulino Garcia that hospitals and health services had been given priority in the allocation of funds from the bond issue under Republic Act No. 1000. Included in the priority list were the National Mental Hospital, the National Orthopedic Hospital, the Maternity and Children’s Hospital, the branches of the North General Hospital, and the Lipa City General Hospital. The total amount needed for these projects is around P10 million.

Assistant Executive Secretary Mariano A. Yenko. Jr., wrote Secretary Garcia requesting him to confer with Finance Secretary Jaime Hernandez and give the necessary details and information regarding the construction of the hospitals so that the proper funds could be allotted.

Previously, hospitals and health services were not given priority in the allocation of funds because they were not self-liquidating public works projects. Consequently, Secretary Garcia requested Malacañang to include hospitals and health services in the priority list to accelerate the Administration’s health program. The President and the Cabinet approved Garcia’s request in the last Cabinet meeting.

In the evening, the President reiterated his administration’s policy of giving the widest autonomy to the boards of directors of government-owned or controlled corporations.

The President’s directive to managers and members of such boards deplored that oftentimes matters were taken up with the President which “could be properly taken cognizance of, and resolved by, the boards of directors of the government corporations concerned.”

The President said this was contrary to the “declared policy” of his administration. This policy, he said, is “to give the governing bodies of government-owned or controlled corporations as much autonomy as possible and as wide a latitude of action and freedom in the exercise of judgment as are consistent with their prerogatives and responsibilities.” He said this is both sound administrative and business practice.”

The President directed the boards of directors of state corporations to resolve directly all matters which properly belonged to their respective jurisdictions. He discouraged the directors’ appeals to the President except where there arises possible conflict between a projected course of action and existing national policy.” In this event, the directive said, the President should be consulted.

The President’s directive squarely placed on the boards of state corporations full responsibility for their corporate act or decision.

April 26—IN order to be available for consultations with the Philippine delegation to the Manila Treaty (SEATO) military planners conference being held in Baguio City, the President spent most of his time this day in the Guest House.

Justices of the Supreme Court, headed by acting Chief Justice Guillermo Pablo, called on the Chief Executive early this morning. Chief Justice Ricardo Paras, who is on leave, was the only member of the high tribunal not present during the call.

The President also received this morning Rep. Jacobo Gonzales of Laguna and Baguio City Mayor Alfonso Tabora, who reported on local matters.

After receiving his callers, the President had a late breakfast with Mrs. Magsaysay. After breakfast, he met Agriculture Secretary Salvador Araneta.

Later, the President conferred with Budget Commissioner Dominador Aytona; Lieut. Gen. Jesus Vargas, AFP chief of staff; Brig. Gen. Pelagio A. Cruz, commanding general of the Philippine Air Force; and Col. Antonio P. Chanco, chief of the AFP corps of engineers.

They discussed the agreement providing for $9.5 million United States aid in military equipment. The agreement was to have been signed at 4 p.m. this day but for some “rough edges” which were brought out in the conference between the President, Aytona, and military top brass.

Because of these discrepancies, the President decided to return to Manila at 4 this afternoon for a conference with U. S. Ambassador Homer Ferguson and Vice-President Carlos P. Garcia. He directed Vice-President Garcia in the meantime to hold in abeyance the signing of the PI-US agreement for the training of an Army division under the Mutual Defense Alliance Pact pending clarification of certain details in the agreement.

In the evening, the President presided over a conference between Vice-President and concurrently Foreign Affairs Secretary Carlos P. Garcia and U. S. Ambassador Homer Ferguson during which “minor details” of the proposed agreement between the Philippines and the U. S. for the training of an Army division were taken up.

Present at the conference were Budget Commissioner Dominador Aytona, Defense Undersecretary Jose M. Crisol, Col. Antonio P. Chanco, chief of the AFP corps of engineers, and Col. Harry A. Brenn, local FOA chief.

No details were given about the conference. It was revealed that “minor details” would have to be ironed out prior to the signing of the agreement.

President Magsaysay accompanied by his aide, Lt. Col. Emilio Borromeo, flew down from Baguio City to preside over the conference. He arrived at Malacañang past 5 p.m. and immediately proceeded to his study room where the conference was held.

April 27.—AT a breakfast conference this morning with Secretary Carlos P. Romulo and other members of the Philippine delegation to the 29-nation Asian-African conference in Bandung, Indonesia, the President got a full report on the meet.

Secretary Romulo suggested to the President during the breakfast conference that the Chief Executive undertake a goodwill tour of neighboring friendly Asian countries instead of a trip to the United States, it was reliably learned.

Gen. Romulo, who headed the Philippine delegation, explained the net significance of decisions arrived at the recently concluded multi-nation conference at Bandung as they affected Philippine interests. He reported in detail on views expressed by the chief delegates in their discussions held behind closed doors. Such exchange of views showed the attitude of the participating countries on various matters taken up at the conference.

The President heard Gen. Romulo outline what the latter believed the Philippine Government should do to best implement the decisions expressed in the final communique released in Bandung. He also reported in detail on the individual and collective contributions given by members of his delegation to the success of the Philippine representation.

Toward the close of the meeting which lasted from 8 to 9:10 a.m., the President reiterated his congratulations to Romulo and the members of the delegation. “Our country is proud of you and the whole nation is indebted to you for your work in Bandung,” the President told Romulo.

Present at the breakfast meeting aside from Romulo were other members of the delegation; namely, Sen. Emmanuel Pelaez, Rep. Domocao Alonto of Lanao and Foreign Affairs Undersecretary Raul Manglapus Also present was Vice-President Carlos P. Garcia, concurrently secretary of foreign affairs.

Right after the conference, President Magsaysay boarded his car for the airport, but was intercepted at the Malacañang grounds by Mayor Leopoldo Jalandoni of Midsayap, Cotabato. Jalandoni sought the release of P200 000 for the rat-extermination campaign in his province Jose F. Manglimot, anti-rat campaign coordinator in Cotabato accompanied Jalandoni to Malacañang.

The President flew to the summer capital for the second time this week. He took off on the presidential plane Pagasa at Nichols Air Base at 9:50 a.m. and arrived at Loakan airport at 10:40 a.m. Accompanying him were Maj. Pat Garcia, his aide, Manuel “Dindo” Gonzalez, and GAB Commissioner Manuel Nieto.

The President then rested at the Guest House and had lunch with the First Lady.

At 2 o’clock in the afternoon, the President addressed the opening day session of the Philippine Medical Association’s annual national convention and exorted the conventionists to spread out to rural areas.

In Baguio City the President told newsmen that the Philippines successfully contributed to the universal campaign for peace and freedom in the Asian-African conference at Bandung. He said Secretary Romulo who led the Philippine delegation, and Sen. Emmanuel Pelaez, member of the delegation, gave a good impressive account of active Philippine participation in the historic parley.

Referring to the off-conference meetings between Romulo and Red China Premier Chou En-lai, the President said jokingly, “Romulo played well by ear.” Secretary Romulo had said before the Bandung meet, that he would “play it by ear.”

The President added he would soon formally offer Romulo the position of ambassador to the United States and chief Philippine delegate to the United Nations. Romulo formerly held both posts.

Early in the evening, the President honored delegates to the SEATO military conference at a cocktail party at the Guest House.

The President also received Rep. Jose R. Nuguid of Bataan and discussed with the solon the political situation in that province.

The President today ordered the sending of an NBI team to Malaybalay. Bukidnon, to investigate the reported suicide of Col. Mariano Griño, project supervisor of the NARRA settlement at Wao, Lanao.

Assistant Executive Secretary Mariano A. Yenko, Jr., received a note from Sen. Claro M. Recto asking the Chief Executive to lend a hand in ascertaining the cause of the colonel’s death. The President approved the request.

Col. Griño was found dead in his office on the morning of Tuesday. April 25. He had been known to the President personally, having been a former chief coordinator of an MPM provincial chapter.

The Constabulary in Bukidnon was also notified to coordinate its efforts with the NBI team.

The Cabinet in its meeting today formed a committee to study ways and means of implementing the vocational education program of the Department of Education, which had been designed to bolster the economic development planning of the Administration.

Named to the committee were Education Secretary Gregorio Hernandez, Jr., Finance Secretary Jaime Hernandez, Commerce Secretary Oscar Ledesma, and Economic Coordination Administrator Alfredo Montelibano. The committee was requested to make a study of the recommendations of the Department of Education and to submit its report as soon as possible to the President and the Cabinet.

In the absence of President Magsaysay, who had to fly to Baguio this morning to fulfill some engagements in that city, Vice-President and concurrently Foreign Affairs Secretary Carlos P. Garcia presided over the meeting from 11 a.m. to past 12 noon.

April 28.—THE President woke up late in his official residence at the Guest House in Baguio City this morning.

He conferred with Reps. Erasmo Cruz and Rogaciano Mercado of Bulacan, who headed a group of Nacionalista mayors of the province. They urged the President to appoint Gov. Alejo Santos to the Cabinet.

At 11 a.m., the President, accompanied by Manuel Nieto, Games and Amusements Board commissioner; Dr. Jose Corpus, his physician; and Maj. Pat Garcia, his aide, flew back to Manila.

Upon his arrival from Baguio City, the President plunged to work with his advisers on the economic and political problems facing the Administration. Landing at the Nichols Air Force at 12:30 p. m., he immediately summoned his top economic advisers to draft a blue-print for the improvement of the national economy.

President Magsaysay and his economic advisers agreed to step up rice production and to increase the capitalization of two government corporations believed vital to economic development. They also took up problems involved in the reduction of the cost of cement, the production of lime and fertilizers, and the development of local coal resources.

Present at the conference were Central Bank Governor Miguel Cuaderno, RFC Chairman Eduardo Romualdez, Finance Secretary Jaime Hernandez, OEC Administrator Alfredo Montelibano, and Budget Commissioner Dominador Aytona. Also present was Col. Harry A. Brenn, local FOA chief.

To increase local rice production, the President and his advisers agreed to construct more irrigation systems throughout the country.

The President during the conference called up Julian Buendia, supervising irrigation engineer and acting director of public works, and directed him over the telephone to work full blast on all irrigation projects now under construction in various parts of the country. He told Buendia to employ all available men in these irrigation constructions on a three-shift basis. The President also approved the plan to capitalize the National Shipyards and Steel Corporation (NASSCO) for the construction of its plants. It was understood that the Government may float P23 million worth of bonds which will be pledged with the Rehabilitation Finance Corporation.

It was further agreed at the conference to establish factories to produce lime needed in neutralizing acidic soil and rendering it favorable for rich rice growth. The President told Montelibano to seek recapitalization of the Cebu Portland Cement Company and to construct a lime factory.

After meeting his economic advisers, the President conferred with Sen. Lorenzo M. Tañada, president of the Citizens Party, and some members of his party. With Tañada were Leon O. Ty, Carlos Nivera, Jose Ansaldo, Col. Frisco San Juan, Francisco “Soc” Rodrigo, and Juan Tan.

The group called on the President to notify him formally that they had broken their alliance with the Nacionalista Party. Tañada recounted to the President the circumstances which led to the break between the two parties. The group conferred with the Chief Executive for 45 minutes.

Although the Citizens Party had broken up with the majority party, Tañada’s political followers pledged continued support of the President’s

Later the President received members of the Union Zambaleno, an organization of all Zambales residents.

April 29.—AT a Malacañang breakfast conference between congressional leaders and members of a Cabinet committee headed by Agriculture Secretary Salvador Araneta, presided over by the President, it was agreed to submit immediately for congressional study and action the proper bills embodying the unemployment problem proposals.

Some major modifications, however, were suggested and accepted at the conference, chief among them being the rejection of the proposal to clothe President Magsaysay with emergency powers in order to enable him to impose by direct executive action such measures deemed necessary to the solution of the unemployment problem as import controls and

President Magsaysay himself declined the proposal, pointing out that he had absolutely no desire to assume emergency powers of any kind. He said Congress could very well enact the measures earmarked tor executive action. The President’s stand was warmly received by the congressional leaders who in turn pledged to cooperate in the enactment of necessary measures.

The congressional leaders reacted favorably to proposals for solving the unemployment problem submitted by the Cabinet committee through its chairman, Agriculture Secretary Salvador Araneta.

While there was favorable reaction to the proposals advanced by Secretary Araneta towards solving the unemployment problem, the President and the congressional leaders were in agreement that, they will be subjected to closer scrutiny and study upon reaching Congress. They agreed that all interested parties will be given a chance to be heard on the program.

The congressional leaders, headed by Senate President Eulogio Rodriguez, Sr., and Speaker Jose Laurel, Jr., also agreed to hold day and night sessions if necessary on the projected measures to complete action on them within the remaining days of the current regular session of Congress.

The breakfast-conference was featured by a long dissertation by Secretary Araneta on the report and recommendations of the Cabinet committee. Using charts and graphs as an aid to the discussions, Araneta held the floor for nearly two hours, explaining the program and answering questions propounded by the conferees. He was given a big hand at the close of the discussions.

Araneta told the gathering the Cabinet committee program envisaged short-term and long-range solutions to the unemployment problem. On short-term basis, it proposes direct employment by the government in the conversion, of idle natural resources into a national asset.

The program envisages expenditure of up to P2 billion over a period of five years for this purpose. It is estimated this amount will employ 400,000 laborers annually. They will be employed in the construction of rural roads and small bridges, community irrigation systems, land settlements, agricultural colonies, land reclamation, land surveys, forest protection, reforestation, permanent low-cost housing, water projects, and permanent schools and hospitals. In these projects, local available material will be used as much as possible.

Araneta said this program foresaw the necessity of temporarily relaxing the operation of the minimum wage law in the rural areas. Rep. Roseller T. Lim of Zamboanga del Sur, chairman of the House committee on labor, urged that this particular suggestion be held in abeyance until he has canvassed public opinion on the matter. Araneta said the best compromise may be to empower local governments to fix wage scales in their respective communities.

To raise the required P2 billion, Araneta proposed stepped-up sale of bonds with a lottery feature as an added inducement, compulsory savings, and borrowing from foreign and local banks.

On a long-range basis, Araneta suggested the formulation of such incentive to investment and production as import controls increased tariff protection, floor prices for non-perishable commodities a system of import certificates, and the relaxation of credit policies. The committee had recommended that these measures be imposed by executive action under a grant of emergency powers. However, in view of President Magsaysay’s own stand against such a grant, it was agreed that separate bills embodying these proposals will instead be introduced for congressional enactment.

Present at the conference which lasted from 8 to 10 a.m. were Senate President Rodriguez, Senate Majority Floor Leader Cipriano Primicias, Sens. Justiniano S. Montano and Lorenzo M. Tañada of the labor committee, Sen. Jose C. Locsin of accounts, Sens. Alejo Mabanag and Edmundo B. Cea of public works, Sen. Fernando Lopez of agriculture, Speaker Laurel, Jr., Speaker Protempore Daniel Romualdez, House Majority Floor Leader Arturo M. Tolentino, Reps. Lim and Rodolfo Ganzon of labor, Reps. Tobias Fornier and Carlos Hilado of appropriations, Reps. Florencio Moreno and Felix Fuentebella of public works, Rep. Eulogio Rodriguez, Jr., of agriculture, and Rep. Pio Duran of banks.

After his breakfast-conference with congressional leaders, President Magsaysay received acting Secretary of State Momulo Dukuly of Liberia, who called to pay his respects to the President.

Dukuly. who was his country’s delegate to the Bandung (Asian-African) conference, was accompanied by six other ranking officials from Liberia. He extended his felicitations and warm greetings to the President on behalf of the people of Liberia. He expressed his admiration for the President and his Administration, particularly for the President’s achievement in breaking the Communist, movement in the Philippines. President Magsaysay was also congratulated by the Liberian official on “the magnificent job that the Philippine delegation carried out at Bandung.”

Officers of the Philippine Jute-Fiber Bag Manufacturing Association led by Gregorio Noriega of the Philippine Fiber Process Co., together with Hector Moreno and Raul Kahn, called on the President asking for some definite policy from the monetary board that may directly help them.

Gov. Federico Castillo accompanied a delegation of six mayors from Mindoro Occidental who reported to the President on the highly “deplorable” condition of the road leading from San Jose to the Philippine Milling Company.

Others callers were Mayor Ildefonso Cinco and Vice-Mayor Artemio Mate of Tacloban City, Rep. Luminog Mangelen of Cotabato and officials of the American President Lines composed of H. B. Luckett. F. H. Spongier, and L. M. Villanueva.

In the afternoon, the President signed House Bill No. 29-19, amending I he charter of Zamboanga City and House Bill No. 2950. amending the charter of Basilan City. Earlier in the morning, the President signed House Bill No. 2639. amending the charter of Iloilo City.

These three bills, which have become laws, make the positions of mayor vice-mayor, and councilors in the three cities, elective.

President Magsaysay will forward tomorrow to the Commission on Appointments the nomination of Rep. Florencio Moreno of Romblon as secretary of public works and communications. Malacañang announced in the evening.

The President decided on the appointment of Moreno to replace Public Works Secretary Vicente Orosa on the insistent request of the latter to allow him to dedicate all his time lo his work as general manager and board chairman of the People’s Homesile and Housing Corporation.

The implementation of the- highway and public works construction program of the administration is a man-sized job requiring the full time of the public works secretary. The work of the PHHC chairman and general manager is another big job in view of the expanding program of the corporation in constructing more low-rent houses for small employees and laborers. Since Secretary Orosa has been handling simultaneously these two important positions, he himself has requested the President that. he be relieved from the public works portfolio so that he could dedicate all his time to the PHHC.

Rep. Moreno is conversant with all phases of public works, because aside from being an engineer, he is the chairman of the House committee on public works.

The President today contributed P1,000 to the National Press Club for the construction of its building. He handed a check for the amount to Teodoro F. Valencia, NPC president, at Malacañang. The donation was made in the presence of Press secretary J. V. Cruz and some newsmen on the Malacañang beat; namely, Luciano Millan of the Manila Daily Bulletin, Silvino Caparas of the Daily Mirror, and Mabini Centeno of the Evening News.

The President thus became the first donor to a special hind of private contributions established by the NPC to help defray expenses of constructing the NPC building.

April 30.—BRUSHING aside standing protocol of his high office, the President motored to the residence of his former Cabinet without portfolio, Gen. Carlos P. Romulo for a breakfast conference.

Romulo received final instructions from President Magsaysay preparatory to his departure for Washington in a three-hour breakfast conference at the envoy’s residence in Forbes Park.

It was understood the two discussed in general the situation in Washington, especially those affecting Philippine-American relations. One of the matters thoroughly discussed by the two it was hinted, was the prospect of approval by U.S. Congress of the Laurel-Langley agreement.

Gen. Romulo would not say what subjects were taken up but it was believe the military assistance program here was also taken up. Asked about the reported offer to him to become Philippine ambassador to the United States, Romulo said that the subject was not taken up in his conversation with the President.

After his conference with Gen. Romulo the President returned to Malacañang and worked on state papers. He received the letter of resignation of Foreign Affairs Undersecretary Raul S. Manglapus but the President told his aides to write a letter rejecting the resignation.

Malacañang announced that Manglapus offered to resign his position believing his service in the government has become untenable with the dissolution of the alliance between the Citizens Party and the Nacionalista Party.

Manglapus belongs to the Citizens Party and was also one of the pillars of the Magsaysay-for-President-Movement which had contributed substantially to President Magsaysay’s victory in the last elections.

The President did not receive any callers this day. In the afternoon he boarded his plane but did not indicate where lie was going. It was presumed he went to his home town in Zambales, as landing in Baguio is impossible owing to the usual fog which envelops the airport there and surrounding areas in the afternoon.

Source: National Library of the Philippines

Office of the President of the Philippines. (1954). Official Month in Review. Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines, 51(4), cxlvi-cxc.

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