Official Week in Review: August 30 – September 5, 1959

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August 30.—PRESIDENT Garcia today directed the National Orthopedic Hospital to extend all medical facilities to a crippled 12-year old boy, Salvador Miranda, who is suffering from tuberculosis of the hip joint at the Albay Provincial Hospital.

The President’s directive came after reading a report published in one of the Sunday morning newspapers that the Bicol Youth Movement had started a fund drive and was asking Malacañang to airlift the boy to Manila. The boy was reported to be getting thinner and weaker, and his father is also sick and his family is poor.

The President immediately wired Dr. Antonio Latibio of the Albay Provincial Hospital and asked for diagnosis of the boy’s ailment. He directed Dr. Latibio to give all possible assistance to Miranda.

THIS afternoon, the Chief Executive received a reply from Dr. Latibio who diagnosed Miranda’s ailment as TB of the hip joint. The doctor reported that the boy was on crutches and recommended his treatment at the National Orthopedic Hospital.

The President then ordered the immediate transfer of the boy to Manila and directed the NOH to extend all help to the cripple.

The President spent the whole day today at his Bohol Avenue residence in Quezon City going over some papers he had brought over from Malacañang. He did not receive any caller except Gov. Feliciano Leviste of Batangas, who reported on the political situation in his province.

The Chief Executive started the day by hearing mass said at his home’s living room. Also at the mass was the First Lady, Lt. Cmdr. Melchor Fronda, naval aide, and members of the household.

In the afternoon, the President received a large group of law graduates from Bohol and Cebu who called to pay their respects before returning to their home provinces after taking this year’s bar examinations at the University of the East. Today is the last day of four successive Sundays during which the barristers had been taking their examinations and they had motored directly from their examination rooms to Bohol Avenue still with their books and notebooks.

President Garcia will lead the nation in observance of the 52nd birthday of the late President Magsaysay tomorrow, which he had declared a special public holiday in the province of Zambales.

The President issued the following message in commemoration of the day:

“The deeds and ideals of the man whose birthday the nation remembers today have carved for him a hallowed place in the hearts of his country-men.

“In his lifetime, Ramon Magsaysay set an example of dedicated public service that earned for him the lasting gratitude of his people. His intense passion for the welfare of the common man launched the country on a new era of social endeavor. His unrelenting struggle against Communism endowed the story of his career with the grandeur of a national saga and gave the Philippines added world of prestige as a bulwark of democracy. The years of his leadership as President were marked by an abundance of hope and security.

“We mark his birthday with proud consciousness that this day, 52 years ago, brought to us a gift rare in the history of any country. I am happy to be among a people for whom that gift has been possible.”

August 31.—THIS noon President Garcia directed various law-enforcing agencies throughout the country to cooperate with one another in the implementation of his pledge to hold a clean, honest, and free election this year.

Addressing some 600 chiefs of police from all over the country who paid a courtesy call at Malacañang this noon, the President said: “It is imperative that you see to it that full freedom in the exercise of one’s right of suffrage shall not be impaired whatever is the political persuasion of the individual.”

The Chief Executive also appealed to the police chiefs to assist in the implementation of his administration’s socio-economic program, particularly in the education of the youth, the safeguarding of health through sanitation and medical care, and other welfare services. He said that local police agencies could do much in the effective implementation of the program, as they were in direct contact with the masses.

The chiefs of police are currently on a three-day convention in Manila. They were accompanied to Malacañang by Col. Crisanto Alba, adviser to the President on police matters.

Earlier this morning, the President heard a requiem mass said at the Malacañang social hall by Msgr. Vicente G. Reyes, auxiliary bishop of Manila, in memory of the late president Magsaysay on his 52nd birthday. Present at the mass were Mrs. Garcia; Mrs. Luz B. Magsaysay, widow of the late President; Don Exequiel Magsaysay, father of the departed leader; ranking government officials; and members of the diplomatic corps and their ladies.

After the mass, the President motored to the North Cemetery where he laid a wreath on the tomb of his predecessor. He stayed there for some time offering a silent prayer for the late President and talking with Magsaysay relatives who happened to be there at the time.

Returning to Malacañang about 11 a.m., the President received former President Sergio Osmeña, Sr., who paid him a courtesy call.

Cols. Mariano Dinglasan and Arcadio Lazada, chief of police of Bacolod and Cebu cities, respectively, received instructions prior to their departure for the United States to attend a convention of the International Association of Chiefs of Police.

Other callers included some provincial and municipal officials who consulted him on problems of their respective localities. The President received visitors at his study up to 1:30 p.m.

The President did not receive callers this afternoon. He stayed in his room working on some important papers.

President Garcia today directed provincial governors and city and municipal mayors to see to it that all candidates, their supporters, and followers are given equal opportunity to hold political meetings in public places irrespective of their party affiliations.

In a provincial circular sent out from Malacañang by Executive Secretary Juan C. Pajo, the President warned that drastic administrative action would be taken against any official who refuses or discriminates against any candidate or party in granting permits for political meetings in public plazas, squares, parks, and other public places.

The President ordered the issuance of the circular after receiving complaints from political parties, candidates, and political leaders against local officials who had reportedly refused to grant permits for individuals who are not affiliated with the same party to which the local officials belong, or who had discriminated against a political party or candidate in favor of another.

“The importance of free and untrammeled discussion of political issues cannot be overemphasized,” the President said. “People have every right to assemble peaceably and petition the government for redress of grievances as guaranteed by the constitution;”

He added: “Freedom of speech was one of the Four Freedoms for which World War II was bitterly fought and won. If the local government officials now refuse to grant permits to their political adversaries in the hope of deriving some advantage . . . the supreme sacrifices of those who died in battle and those who helped in preserving democracy in this side of the world shall have been vain.”

The President extended for another term of five years the appointment of Gen. Ramon Enriquez (Ret.) as a member of the board of directors of the National Rice and Corn Corporation. The original appointment of Gen. Enriquez expired recently.

September 1.—PRESIDENT Garcia today assured Philippine support to any move in the United Nations to preserve the integrity and independence of Tibet.

The President gave the assurance to Gyalo Thondup, brother of the Dalai Lama, who conveyed to the Chief Executive his brother’s appeal for Philippine support when the invasion of Tibet by Chinese communists is brought before the UN.

Gyalo Thondup, representing his brother, was one of the six recipients of the 1959 Ramon Magsaysay awards who paid a courtesy call on President Garcia this morning on board the RPS Lapu-Lapu docked at Pier 3.

The other awardees were U Law Yone, Torzie Vittachi, Fr. Joaquin Villalonga, S. J., Chintaman Dwakarnath Deshmuth, and Dr. Jose V. Aguilar. They were accompanied by Miss Belen Abreu, executive secretary of the Ramon Magsaysay Foundation; Francisco Ortigas, Jr., treasurer; Judge Guillermo Santos, member of the board of trustees; and Jesus Magsaysay, brother of the late President Magsaysay.

Earlier this morning, the President received G. O. Wooten, prominent American subdivision and housing expert, with whom he exchanged views on low-cost housing projects for people in the low-income bracket.

With Mr. Wooten were Fernando E. V. Sison and Guillermo F. Garcia, board chairman and general manager, respectively, of the United Housing Corporation, a newly-organized private entity that will undertake construction of housing projects all over the Philippines.

President Garcia also called up Sen. Gil J. Puyat and House Majority Floor Leader Jose Aldeguer by telephone to convey his personal greetings on the birthday of the two solons today.

The President did not receive any caller this afternoon.

This evening, he motored to the Fiesta Pavilon of the Manila Hotel, where he was guest of honor at the observance of the 2nd anniversary of the Social Security System.

The President this day reinstated in office Finance Undersecretary Jose P. Trinidad, and ordered as resigned from office as of the date of his preventive suspension Laureano S. Marquez, as director of animal industry.

In reinstating Trinidad, the President took cognizance of the absence of corrupt or dishonest motive on the part of the respondent in finding him guilty of grave neglect in the performance of his duties.

The President, aware of the over 30 years of faithful service of the respondent, deemed that the time he was under preventive suspension was enough punishment for his guilt.

An administrative case was filed against Trinidad in connection with the release of 18 shipments of steel sheets and one shipment of industrial machinery to the Great Oriental Manufacturer and Trader, under irregular circumstances resulting in the loss of P106,040.22, for the collection of which the government was constrained to sue the corporation.

During the hearing of the case, it was established that the respondent, although aware of the great possibilities of using tax free releases to defraud the government, relied solely on the recommendations of his processors in issuing said releases.

Respondent Trinidad was deemed guilty of grave neglect for not requiring his processors to determine dates of alleged transfer of shipments, and for not being able to detect the other irregularities.

In the case of Director Marquez of the Bureau of Animal Industry, the committee headed by the Secretary of Justice which looked into the case found the director guilty of incompetence, inefficiency, and gross negligence amounting to dereliction of duty and conduct prejudicial to the best interests of the public service.

The case arose from the importation and purchase by the Bureau of Animal Industry of 500 Madura and 233 Ongele heifers’ cattle from Indonesia through the Manila Livestock Dealers Corporation, represented by Jose A. Rojas, manager.

A contract was signed and a letter of credit for P249,612.15 representing the total cost of the cattle drawn with the Philippine National Bank in favor of the importing corporation, by Dr. Marquez on behalf of the Bureau of Animal Industry.

The contract stipulated that before the letter of credit could be withdrawn certain documents enumerated therein should be presented. It also provided for the selection of cattle by BAI representatives and their immunization and quarantine prior to shipment from Indonesia.

However, because of the slow and tedious work of selecting the cattle, and upon representations of the Philippine charge d’affaires, the respondent wrote Dr. De Leon, one of the Philippine veterinarians, to shorten the period of quarantine from three weeks to five days.

Of the total cattle involved, only 191 head had been accepted but upon representation of the representatives of the importing corporation, the rest were also loaded on the same boat SS Waiwerang arriving in Manila on August 7, 1957.

The day before their arrival, the livestock corporation requested and got the approval of the director for the amendment of the letter of credit waiving the presentation of documents and providing only “payment against the presentation of bank guarantees and release certificate.”

When informed by De Leon that only 191 head had been accepted, the respondent tried to recover the letter of credit but failed because it had been withdrawn the afternoon of the previous day.

Respondent then allowed the unloading and quarantine of the entire shipment at Sisiman, in Mariveles, at the expense of the bureau, at the same time demanding refund of P185,054.15 representing cost of the rejected cattle.

The Manila Livestock Dealers Corporation, however, deemed the entire shipment accepted and refused to make refund.

On August 11, an epidemic (foot-and-mouth disease) broke out, killing 402 of the entire shipment and causing further loss. It was pointed out that maintenance alone of the rejected cattle cost the government up to July 24, 1958, no less than P280,000 and may run up P400,000 before the case is finally settled.

September 2.—PRESIDENT Garcia received this morning former President Sergio Osmeña, who paid a social call aboard the RPS Lapu-Lapu docked at Pier 13.

Ex-President Osmeña also verified newspaper reports that President Garcia is leaving for Cebu next week to attend the celebration of the former’s 81st birthday anniversary on September 9.

After receiving President Osmeña, President Garcia devoted the rest of the morning to the studying state papers and reviewing the agenda for this afternoon’s regular Cabinet meeting.

Among the topics expected to be taken up during the meeting are the proposed establishment of an integrated steel project in the Philippines and the proposed sale or lease of the Naga Cement Plan of the Cebu Portland Cement Company.

In the afternoon, the President motored back to Malacañang where he received the credentials of Dr. Tuan Mao-Lan, new Chinese ambassador to the Philippines, in ceremony held at the ceremonial room.

Then the President presided over the regular weekly meeting of his Cabinet.

President Garcia and Chinese: Ambassador Dr. Tuan Mao-Lan pledged cooperation in the common task of contributing to the efforts of guarding the peace in the Far East in order that freedom may not perish, in a ceremony wherein the latter presented his credential to the President this afternoon.

The President pointed out that China and the Philippines are also faced by the problem of strengthening their economy to provide a more abundant life to their peoples.

In his short speech at the ceremony, the new Chinese ambassador said that for the second time in one generation, the two countries are fight-together for the preservation of freedom.

He expressed the firm conviction that the strong bonds of friendship and cooperation will enable both countries to achieve their common aims.

The new Chinese ambassador, who fourteen years ago was sent to Manila as Consul General of the Republic of China, and later on as a member of the Chinese Republic’s mission to attend the independence ceremonies of the Philippines, received full military honors upon arrival at Malacañang.

Escorted to the Malacañang Ceremonial Hall by Pedro Angara, protocol officer of the Department of Foreign Affairs, and Col. Delarmente, senior aide-de-camp to the President, Dr. Tuan was presented to the President in the presence of members of the Cabinet.

Before his transfer to Manila, Dr. Tuan was serving as the ambassador of the Republic of China to the Republic of Panama; He succeeds Ambassador Chen Chih-mai, who has been reassigned to Australia.

THE CABINET this afternoon decided to invite private investors in a government partnership for the operation of the proposed P200 million integrated steel mills in Iligan.

The Cabinet’s decision was prompted by the Administration’s policy of helping private investors to go into industrial enterprises like the integrated steel mills.

The Cabinet would accept private capital on a 51-49 basis with the government maintaining the majority stocks in the proposed steel mills.

After deciding to bring in private capital into the proposed steel mills, the Cabinet directed the working committee to sound out businessmen to submit offers on this basis.

The Cabinet decision virtually rejected six offers previously offered by private firms which had presented a program of operating the steel mills. The six firms were the: 1. Larap Mines and Smelting Co.; 2. FUDCO; 3. Engineering Development Corporation of the Philippines; 4. Gonzalo Puyat and Sons; 5. Jacinto Steel, Inc.; and 6. Associated Management Co.

Informed sources said the Cabinet had rejected these offers on the strength of the objection of Bernardo P. Abrera, general manager of the National Shipyards and Steel Corporation, who expressed doubts whether the proposals would be able to meet government specifications.

It was found out that the offers were much below the expected operating capital Abrera had estimated for the successful operation of the steel mills.

President Garcia supported Abrera’s view and pointed to the danger of giving the steel mills to one company.

The Chief Executive explained that the proposed Iligan Steel Mills would be the mother industry which branches out to several enterprises.

He said that to give the project to a few businessmen would encourage monopoly in the steel industry.

In approving the plan to invite private capital on a partnership basis with the government, the Cabinet indicated that the Administration was willing to allow the private investors to take over the management of the steel mills. However, the government would reserve its right to step in, in the event the industry was operated against public interests.

Members of the working committee are Public Works Secretary Florencio Moreno, chairman; and Foreign Affairs Secretary Felixberto M. Serrano, Chairman Jose Locsin of the National Economic Council, Economic Coordinator Pablo Cruz, and Chairman Paulino Garcia of the National Science Development Board, members.

The Cabinet sidestepped anew the question on what method of steel processing would be adopted in the operation of the steel mills. Two processes, the VonRoll and the LD methods, are under consideration by the Cabinet.

It was learned that the method to be adopted would be taken up together with the business partners of the government should there be acceptable offers for a joint enterprise.

The Cabinet also took up the proposed sale of the lands purchased by the People’s Homesite and Housing Corporation in Baesa, Rizal.

The PHHC has submitted a list of estates, which it had purchased, to the Cabinet for re-sale in order to give the housing firm its “frozen capital” invested in the acquisition of these lots.

No decision was reached on this matter until the Cabinet meeting broke up this evening.

This evening President Garcia directed executives of the Manila Railroad Company to push through immediately the expansion of the railway lines to Northern and Southern Luzon provinces.

The Chief Executive also directed the railroad executives to evaluate the bids for the financing of the expansion projects and submit their recommendation to him for his approval. These affect the railroad lines to Cagayan and Sorsogon provinces.

At a conference in Malacañang with the members of the Board of Directors and MRR General Manager F. F. Santiago, the President expressed his desire to have the projects started and completed as soon as possible.

Board Chairman Juan J. Carlos informed President Garcia that in line with the policy of the Administration of giving homes to the homeless, the railroad company will start within this year its housing project for low-salaried employees and laborers.

The President was also informed that Director Vicente Olazo, who represents labor in the MRR board of directors, has been placed in charge of the housing project.

The government-owned firm will inaugurate its hospital in November, Carlos also informed the President, adding that it will be the first of its kind constructed by a government-owned firm for its employees.

September 3.—PRESIDENT Garcia and top Nacionalista Party leaders unanimously decided to declare Manila a free zone for N.P. mayoralty aspirants at a conference at the President’s residence on Bohol Avenue, Quezon City this morning.

The following four points were also unanimously agreed upon at the conference:

1. That the election inspectors to which the N. P. is entitled shall be divided equally among the three aspirants for the mayoralty; namely, Mayor Arsenio H. Lacson, Vice-Mayor Jesus Marcos Roces, and Congressman Augusto S. Francisco.

2. That all three candidates above mentioned and their respective factions shall carry and support the straight Nacionalista ticket for senators.

3. That each one of the aforementioned N. P. factions is free to put up as candidate for vice-mayor any Nacionalista of their choice.

4. That each one of the aforementioned N.P. factions is free to choose its lineup for councilors from among the N.P. ranks, preferably from those already nominated by NP conventions already held for the 1959 elections.

Copies of the unanimous decision were furnished Mayor Lacson, Vice-Mayor Roces, and Congressman Francisco.

Present at the meeting were Senate President Eulogio Rodriguez, Sr., president of the Nacionalista Party; Speaker Daniel Z. Romualdez, NP general campaign manager; and Sen. Arturo M. Tolentino, who had been designated by the NP executive committee to mediate in the triangular political row in Manila.

The meeting started with a breakfast conference at 8 o’clock and was continued later in the President’s study.

Shortly after the meeting, President Garcia motored to Malacañang and received the following callers: Rep. Miguel Cuenco of Cebu; Quezon Gov. Leon Guinto, Sr.; Mayors Benjamin Motera, Leon Ruivera, and Diosdado Fullado; and an Agusan delegation headed by Gov. Felixberto Dagani and Composed of D. O. Plaza, Abraham Gaviola, and Board Member Silvestre Osin.

President Garcia today stated that the establishment of formal diplomatic relations between the Philippines and Portugal opens brighter prospects and opportunities for advancing economic and cultural ties between the two countries.

The President made this statement after the presentation of credentials of Dr. Emilio Patricio as minister-designate of Portugal to the Philippines. The ceremony was held this afternoon at the Malacañang ceremonial hall.

The first diplomatic representative of Portugal to the Philippines, in his remarks after the ceremony, said the establishment of diplomatic ties between the two countries will stimulate further economic cooperation and commercial intercourse between the two countries.

Minister Patricio was accompanied by Portuguese Consul Carlos de Silva Nuñez to Malacañang, where the Minister was accorded military honors upon arrival.

Present at the ceremonial presentation of credentials were Secretary Felixberto Serrano and high officials of the Department of Foreign Affairs.

In line with the Filipino First policy of the President, toasts were offered with basi, a local wine.

After the presentation of credentials, the President received callers, among them, Pedro C. Hernaez, secretary of Commerce and Industry; Pablo Roman, chairman of the Republic Savings Bank; and Rep. Aguedo Agbayani of Pangasinan.

The President this day issued Administrative Order No. 310, considering Gaudencio T. Bocobo has resigned from office as assistant fiscal of Manila effective August 7, 1954, date of his preventive suspension, with prejudice to reinstatement in the government service.

The President also referred the case involving alleged guerrilla racket activities of respondent and other parties to the Manila fiscal for prefer criminal action.

In his administrative order, the Chief Executive pointed out that the assistant fiscal, “sworn to prosecute swindlers and other law violators, actually participated in, and allowed the use of his home for, the fleecing of thousands of ignorant claimants on a big scale.”

The filing of claims for guerrilla recognition and procurement allocations with the U.S. Government was closed on December 31, 1949. Although the period was extended to June 28, 1954, the fact that these activities took place after December 31, 1949, and before the extension of filing gave them the nature of a fraudulent means to obtain money from the gullible who were led to believe that their claims would be favorably considered by the U.S. Government.

Government undercover men assigned to watch these activities noted the unusual intimacy and activities of the respondent and some other parties found engaged in the racket.

It was also verified that the respondent was present when gullible applicants paid their fees to these parties and, at least on one occasion, even persuaded them to pay their fees.

Respondent was placed on preventive suspension on August 7, 1954, when the administrative case for guerrilla racket activities against him was investigated by a special investigator of the Department of Justice.

September 4.—PRESIDENT Garcia ordered today the recommitment of alien prisoners granted pardons or paroles who fail to fulfill within one month the condition that they leave the Philippines.

The President gave the order at a meeting with members of the newly-reconstituted board of pardons and parole in Malacañang this morning. It was noted during the meeting that pardoned prisoners often fail to secure the acceptance of their respective governments and result in the non-execution of their deportation for some length of time.

Present at the conference were Justice Undersecretary Enrique Fernandez, chairman; and Dr. Julian Pilares, ex-Sen. Santiago Fonacier, Fr. Casimiro Alvarez, and Miss Ardeliza Socalilito, members.

In the case of aliens who have served their sentences but who are still confined because there is no place to which to deport them, the President said he will take the matter up with the Department of Foreign Affairs.

At his first meeting with newly-appointed members of the board, the President exhorted them to exercise more care in the study of cases brought before them for consideration to prevent a repetition of the Ang Chio Kio case.

President Garcia directed Manager Eugenio E. Santos of the Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office to look into the feasibility of putting up artesian wells and public bathhouses for the barrios.

This plan, the President said, is in keeping with the PCSO’s charter to elevate and uplift the standard of living of the masses in the rural areas.

The Chief Executive also expressed his satisfaction upon learning that the PCSO’s quota for the September 6 draw was already oversubscribed. Manager Santos was accompanied by Mrs. Paz Catolico, member of the PCSO board of directors.

President Garcia was briefed on a proposal for systematic and aggressive marketing of cottage industries products abroad by Director German Neri of the National Marketing Corporation.

Neri reported to the President on his observations during his recent trip to Europe and recommended the negotiation for bilateral trade agreements with European countries that do not have adequate dollar reserves.

Neri also informed the President that during a recent survey of prices in the South, he found that the prices of prime commodities had been stabilized although the prices of luxury items have gone up.

President Garcia received Minister Alfredo Allende, new charge d’affaires of the Argentine legation in Manila, who paid a courtesy call on the Chief Executive this morning.

Before his assignment to the Philippines, Minister Allende had been Minister of Labor and Social Security. He was accompanied by Omar Suayo, second secretary of the Argentine legation, during his courtesy call at Malacañang.

The newly-elected officers of the Manila Lions Club also called on the Chief Executive to pay their respects and pledge their support to the policies of his administration.

Headed by President Domingo M. Guevara, other officers of the club were Miguel Campos, 1st vice-president; Jesus Tidalgo, 2nd vice-president; Narciso Tan, 3rd vice-president; Eulogio Santos, treasurer; Alfredo Lozano, tail-twister; Andres Gruber, lion-tamer; and Jose Y. Orosa, Perfecto Mañalac, and former Lions President Leon Lopez, directors.

Meanwhile, President Garcia, signed an executive order converting into municipalities all the municipal districts in Sulu except Marungas.

Among the new municipalities are Balimbing, Bongao, Cagayan de Sulu, Indanan, Luuk, Maimbung, Panamao, Pangutaran, Parang, Pata, Patikul, Siasi, Simunul Sitangtai South Ubian, Talipao, Tandubas, Tapul, Tongkil, and Turtle Islands.

The executive order also provided that the present mayor, vice-mayor, and councilors of each of these municipal districts shall continue as such until new municipal officials shall have been elected and qualified in the next general elections.

Other presidential callers this morning were Agriculture Secretary Juan de G. Rodriguez with Vicente Ballesteros and Enrique Bouffard, Health Under-secretary Damaso Samonte, Prof. Alfonso Roda, and Nallie Ferrer.

PRESIDENT Garcia today branded Mayor Arsenio H. Lacson, as a “political, recalcitrant” and called upon the Nacionalista Party to impose discipline within its ranks.

At his regular press conference, the President stressed that “there should be discipline within the party.”

He made the remark in reply to a question from a newsman asking for the President’s comment on Lacson’s threat to continue attacking the President and his administration.

The President, at the same time, denied having initiated or sanctioned a move started by Senate President Eulogio Rodriguez for a rapprochement with the Manila mayor.

He said he was not aware of the claim of the city mayor that Major Ciriaco Hocson, one of the presidential aides, had called up Lacson asking him to meet the Chief Executive “privately.”

Lacson said he had spurned the invitation to meet the President, as “I am too busy campaigning.”

Asked if he would be willing to talk to Lacson and establish a basis for their reconciliation, President Garcia replied:

“I will talk to him if he talks to me.”

The President denied that Lacson is his “political adversary.” He said Lacson is simply a “political recalcitrant.”

The question was asked when the President corrected a newsman who hinted that the Chief Executive has “political enemies.”

“I do not have political enemies; I only have political adversaries,” he replied.

Asked if he considered Lacson a “political adversary,” the President said, “No, he (Lacson) is simply a political recalcitrant.”

At the press conference, the President:

1. Defended the prolonged stay here of Ambassador Jose Fuentebella, as the latter is still in consultation with the foreign affairs secretary;

2. Refused to identify the Manila mayoralty candidate he will support ill the coming elections;

3. Expressed the belief that the Laos conflict is a “purely internal affair;”

4. Said he was giving the Philippine National Bank a “free hand” in releasing the report of Dr. Hjalmar Schacht, German economist who had made a survey of the economic and financial conditions of the country;

5. Announced he would look into the reported abuse by members of Congress of their franking privilege;

6. Disclosed plans of naming new mayors in chartered cities where the appointive mayors are running for election in the coming November polls; and

7. Debunked the anti-administration charges aired recently by Vice-President Macapagal of the Liberal Party and Manuel P. Manahan of the “Grand Alliance.”

The President told newsmen he was not happy about the decision of Nacionalista leaders who proclaimed Manila a “free zone” for the three mayoralty aspirants. He said he was still for naming 3,164 delegates to an NP convention in Manila.

However, he said he was outvoted by the members of the NP executive committee” headed by Senate President Rodriguez.

“They (NP leaders) said, President Garcia told newsmen, that it is the best compromise solution under the circumstances.”

The President, however, said that under a “free zone” he would be free to choose his own candidate, and disclosed that he would reveal his candidate for the city “sometime when the need arises.”

He, however, refused to elaborate on what he meant by his phrase, “when the need arises.”

THIS evening the President expressed his concern about “the unreasonable increase in the price of small cars and spare parts” which are used by taxicab companies.

The President received the directors of the newly formed Chamber of Taxicab Services which comprise all taxi operators.

At the conference, the taxi operators presented the serious problems facing their business and voiced the fear that unless they were solved immediately they would mean the stoppage of this kind of public service.

The taxi operators stated that the prices of small cars, fuel, and spare parts have “increased to unreasonable proportions.”

Citing figures, the taxi operators alleged that the prices from 1957 of “Standard” cars have gone up to 37 per cent, “Austin” by 19 per cent, gasoline by 15 per cent and oil by 25 per cent.

In the case of tires and inner tubes which are manufactured locally, the taxi operators said that prices have increased by 12 per cent.

With respect to spare parts, the taxi operators informed the President that some items like generators have increased by 220 per cent, while other important spare parts have also increased from 120 to 145 per cent.

The President promised to look into this “apparently unreasonable increase in prices, which if true is tantamount to profiteering.”

Board members of the Chamber of Taxicab Services who saw President Garcia were Felipe Monserrat, Alfredo Olabarrieta, Alfredo Roldan, Benedicto Katigbak, Romeo Silva, Rufino Vital, Manuel Concordia, Johnny Lee, and Maximo Katigbak.

September 5.—THIS morning President and Mrs. Garcia honored Thai Foreign Minister and Mrs. Thanat Khoman at a breakfast attended by diplomatic representatives of Asian countries in the state dining room of Malacañang.

The Thai Cabinet member, who is here for a brief stopover, is on his way to the United States to represent his country in the United Nations.

In welcoming Minister and Mrs. Khoman, the President expressed hope that they would enjoy their short stay in the Philippines.

The Thai minister responded that he was glad of the opportunity to visit the Philippines and observed that this country and Thailand had many things in common. He cited as examples their recognition of human values and love for freedom.

After the breakfast, President Garcia presented a box of choice Philippine cigars to Minister Khoman while Mrs. Garcia gave a native hand-embroidered handbag to Mrs. Khoman. Minister and Mrs. Khoman reciprocated by presenting similar gifts to the President and the First Lady.

Also present at the breakfast aside from the Asian diplomats and their ladies, were Msgr. Salvatore Siino, Apostolic Nuncio and dean of the local diplomatic corps; Foreign Affairs Secretary and Mrs. Felixberto Serrano; Manuel G. Zamora, Malacañang protocol officer; Pedro Angara-Aragon, DFA protocol officer; Col. Jorge Delarmerte, senior presidential aide; and Ambassador Konthi Suphamonogkol and Ananda Palyanchun, members of the Thai foreign minister’s party.

Later this morning, President Garcia received Walter Killough, managing directors of the International Harvester Company of Australia, Pty., Ltd. who paid a courtesy call at Malacañang. He was accompanied by Paul Wood, president of International Harvester (Phil.), and former Press Secretary Antonio Arizabal.

The President was briefed on the political situation in the third district of Bohol by Rep. Maximino Garcia, who called on the President and presented several requests for financial aid from the Chief Executive’s contingent funds to repair and rehabilitate schools and public works projects in his district which were damaged by typhoons.

Rep. Jacobo Gonzales of Laguna also called to report on the current political situation in his province.

Before retiring for lunch, President Garcia signed two proclamations; the first, extending the Boy Scouts national fund campaign to September 15 this year, and the other, declaring Tuesday, September 15, also this year, a special public holiday in the provinces of Sulu, Cotabato, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Davao, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Bukidnon, and Palawan, and in the cities of Zamboanga, Basilan, Davao, Iligan, Marawi, and Cotabato.

The special public holiday was proclaimed to enable Muslim officials and employees of the government to celebrate properly the feast of Maulid-on-Nabi, one of the most important holidays for Muslims.

After lunch, the President retired to his Bohol Avenue residence in Quezon City, where he worked on some state papers he had brought over from Malacañang. He did not receive any caller in the afternoon.

President Garcia this day signed an administrative order providing for the celebration of Education Week, scheduled for the second week of this month under the auspices of the Department of Education.

At the same time, the President created a national committee headed by Education Secretary Jose Romero to draft the program of activities for the week.

In the administrative order, President Garcia specified that one of the features of the provincial celebration of Education Week shall be the holding of regional educational conferences in accordance with a plan approved in the recent Superintendents’ Convention.

Following is the composition of the national committee:

The Secretary of Education Chairman
The President, University of the Philippines Member
The President, Philippine Association of Colleges and Universities Member
The President, Philippine Federation of Parent-Teachers Associations  Member
The Chairman, Family Week Council Member
The President, Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines Member
The President, Philippine Chamber of Industries Member
The President, Chamber of Agriculture and Natural Resources Member
The President, Manila Rotary Club Member
The President, Lions Club of Manila Member
The President, Manila Junior Chamber of Commerce Member
The President, National Press Club of the Philippines Member
The President, Katipunang Manggagawang Pilipino Member

Source: University of the Philippines, College of Law Library

Office of the President of the Philippines. (1959). Official Week in Review. Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines, 56(36), ccclxiv-ccclxxiv.

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