Presidential Decree No. 388, s. 1974




WHEREAS, the economic and social stability of the Philippines depend in large measure upon the sustained growth and development of the sugar industry;

WHEREAS, due to chronic imbalance in production, the sugar industry is barely able to meet the requirements of the domestic and United States export markets while foregoing entirely new opportunities in the world market, notwithstanding the large investments made in new milling facilities in recent years with the government support;

WHEREAS, it has become necessary to organize a mechanism to give sustained support to the sugar industry in all phases of its operation and potentials, and moreover, to provide conditions needed for its continued development and growth with the end in view of optimizing its effectiveness as a factor for social and economic good;

WHEREAS, our sugar limitation laws when enacted were based on conditions existing in the years 1933 and 1935 and may no longer be realistic and adequate to promote the development and stability of the sugar industry;

NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution as Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, and pursuant to Proclamation No. 1081, dated September 21, 1972, and General Order No. 1, dated September 22, 1972, as amended, and upon the recommendation of the sugar planters, millers, and traders of the Philippines through their associations and cooperatives, do hereby decree and order the creation of the Philippine Sugar Commission as follows:

Section 1. Title of this Decree. This Decree shall be known as the Philippine Sugar Commission Decree.

Section 2. Declaration of Policy. It shall be the policy of the state to promote the integrated development and stabilization of the sugar industry so that it can properly discharge its economic and social responsibilities and contribute its share in the development of the national economy.

Section 3. Philippine Sugar Commission. In order to carry out the foregoing policy there is hereby created the Philippine Sugar Commission hereinafter referred to as the Commission which shall be organized within thirty (30) days after the issuance of this Decree.

The Commission shall be composed of one Commissioner, who shall serve as the Chairman and six (6) Associate Commissioners.

The Chairman and all the members of the Commission shall be appointed by the President of the Philippines. The members of the Commission shall be Filipino citizens, with sufficient experience in the sugar industry, and of proven honesty, integrity and recognized competence.

The Chairman and members of the Commission shall hold office for a term of four years unless sooner removed for cause.

The Commissioner shall receive an annual compensation of Fifty Thousand (P50,000) Pesos and a commutable representation and transportation allowance of One Thousand (P1,000) Pesos monthly. The Associate Commissioners shall receive an annual compensation of Forty Thousand (P40,000) Pesos and a commutable representation and transportation allowance of One Thousand (P1,000) Pesos monthly.

The Commission shall meet in regular session twice a month. It may be called by the Chairman to a special session as the need arises.

Section 4. Powers and Functions. The Commission shall have the following powers and functions:

(a) To establish policies pertaining to all phases of the sugar industry; and to inquire into other aspects of the sugar industry with a view to improving existing methods and systems;

(b) To enter into contracts, transactions, or undertakings of whatever nature which are necessary or incidental to its functions and objectives with any natural or juridical person and with any foreign government, private corporations, partnerships, institutions, or private individuals;

(c) To levy and collect charges, fees and contributions to finance its operation, for social amelioration of the workers in the industry, and for such other purposes as the Commission may determine. The amount of the fees, charges and contributions shall be subject to approval by the President.

(d) To act as the single buying and selling agency of sugar on the quedan-permit level, in order to promote the effective merchandising and distribution of sugar;

(e) To determine the floor-ceiling price of sugar which will ensure the planters, millers, traders, wholesalers and retailers a fair return on their investments; Provided, That such floor-ceiling price of sugar for any crop year shall be the total anticipated cost of production per picul of sugar as determined by the Commission plus a corresponding reasonable margin of profit set by the Price Control Council or any other government agency authorized to regulate prices of commodities and services after taking into consideration the effects of devaluation and other economic factors affecting production, processing, marketing, transportation and other related expenses including the minimum wage for agricultural and industrial workers: Provided, further, That the floor-ceiling price established by the Commission shall be adjusted in direct relation to significant changes in the cost of production as determined by the Commission and the Consumer Price Index prepared by the Central Bank of the Philippines;

(f) To promulgate rules and regulations to carry into effect the provisions of this Decree and impose penalties for the violation thereof;

(g) To assume control and/or supervision of any sugar mill or refinery that has failed to meet its financial and other contracted obligations for two years or has become inefficient in its operation;

(h) To organize cooperatives of sugar planters throughout the Philippines; and

(i) To perform such other functions as are necessary and incidental to its purposes and objectives.

The Commission shall submit to the President of the Philippines periodic reports of its survey, studies and investigations together with its recommendations, for appropriate action.

Section 5. Chief Executive Officer. The Chairman of the Commission shall be its Chief Executive Officer. The Chairman shall, on behalf of the Commission, have the direction and control of the business of the Commission.

Among others, as Executive Officer, the Chairman shall have the following powers and duties:

1. To prepare an organizational plan of the office and plantilla of personnel subject to the approval of the Commission;

2. To direct and manage the affairs and business of the Commission subject to its supervision and control;

3. To appoint necessary personnel and fix their salaries, which shall be exempt from the provisions of laws, rules and regulations on Wage and Position Classification except, clerical and janitorial services, with the approval of the Commission.

In case of absence or temporary incapacity of the Chairman, the Chairman shall designate from among the Commissioners an acting Chairman.

Section 6. There shall be Social Welfare Office under the Office of the Chairman.

Section 7. Capitalization, Special Fund of the Commission, Development and Stabilization Fund. There is hereby established a fund for the Commission for the purpose of financing the growth and development of the sugar industry and all the components, stabilization of the domestic market including the foreign market to be administered in trust by the Commission and deposited in the Philippine National Bank derived in the manner herein below cited from the following sources:

(a) Stabilization fund shall be collected as provided for in the various provisions of this Decree.

(b) Stabilization fees shall be collected from planters and millers in the amount of Two (P2.00) Pesos for every picul produced and milled for a period of five years from the approval of this Decree and One (P1.00) Peso for every picul produced and milled every year thereafter, Provided: That fifty (P0.50) centavos per picul of the amount levied on planters, millers and traders under Section 4(c) of this Decree will be used for the payment of salaries and wages of personnel, fringe benefits and allowances of officers and employees for the purpose of accomplishing the efficient performance of the duties of the Commission, Provided, further: That said amount shall constitute a lien on the sugar quedan and/or warehouse receipts and shall be paid immediately by the planters and mill companies, sugar centrals and refineries to the Commission.

Section 8. Audit Personnel. The Chairman, Commission on Audit shall appoint his representative to the Commission and the necessary personnel to assist him. The salaries of the auditor and his personnel shall be determined and paid by the Commission. The affairs of the Commission shall be audited in accordance with law and pertinent rules and regulations. A report of audit for each fiscal year shall be submitted by the auditor to the Chairman, Commission on Audit, to the Commission and the President of the Philippines.

Section 9. Financing. Until otherwise provided, the Commission shall continue to receive the proceeds of revenues and other impositions as are now granted by the law to the Philippine Sugar Institute and the Sugar Quota Administration.

Section 10. Transitory Provisions. The Philippine Sugar Institute and the Sugar Quota Administration are hereby abolished and absorbed effective upon organization of the Commission and all their assets, liabilities and records shall be transferred to the Commission. The Commission may retain the personnel of said agencies as it may deem necessary. Those of the personnel who may not be retained shall be entitled to retirement benefits, otherwise they shall be granted gratuity to be determined by the Commission.

Section 11. Miscellaneous Provision. All laws or parts thereof inconsistent with the provisions of this decree are hereby repealed or modified accordingly.

Section 12. Effectivity. This decree shall take effect immediately.

Done in the City of Manila, this 2nd day of February, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and seventy-four.

President of the Philippines

By the President:

Executive Secretary

Source: Malacañang Records Office