Official Week in Review: April 8 – April 15, 1983

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April 8—

THE FIRST LADY, Minister of Human Settlements Imelda R. Marcos, said yesterday that a “deep and abiding concern for human welfare” should temper the materialism of economic growth, in her speech key-noting the workshop on the New International Human Order at the University of Life.

She called for an uplifting type of development to enable a person to rise above conditions that degrade him.

The workshop, initiated by Mrs. Marcos at the 37th session of the United Nations assembly, was a two day affair. While opening ceremonies were held at the University of Life, the sessions were held at the Manila Hotel.

Mrs. Marcos, speaking to the 11 foreign and 14 Filipino social experts, stressed that true development “must render man in harmony with his environment . . . and should respect and reflect the interest of the people in that environment.” In other words, development must serve man.

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April 9—

PRESIDENT MARCOS has ordered the release of P75 million for drought victims in Mindanao and the Visayas—P35 million to buy rice and corn for food and P40 million to buy rice, corn, coffee, cacao, and vegetable seedlings to be loaned to farmers.

Victims are qualified for food loans upon certification by farm technicians, to be cross certified by the barangay captains—the certifications to be approve by the provincial governor or his representative.

The National Food Authority, upon being presented with the certificates gave one cavan of rice per month per family. This will be payable by the coming harvest or the second harvest.

In the case of sugar workers, like those in Negros and Iloilo, food loans was guaranteed by the sugar planters and were paid through salary deductions. The Philippine Sugar Commission assisted the NFA and the Ministry of Agriculture.

The President released the money after a meeting with 20 governors from Mindanao and the Visayas. Prime Minister Cesar Virata and members of the Cabinet attended the meeting.

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President Marcos looked into the performances of the members of the Board of Review for Motion Pictures and Television (BRMPT) to deter mine who should be reappointed.

The President told the new appointments are necessary because of the creation of a new office under Executive Order 876.

He said the present members of the BRMPT, led by Chairman Maria Kalaw Katigbak, are carrying over the functions of the previous board under the amended executive order.

He said that it is-not advisable at this time to make drastic changes in the membership of the board.

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April 10—

PRESIDENT MARCOS said that the country will develop into a modern, prosperous agro-industrial economy; in a few years. He stressed that the Philippines is now taking advantage of the world economic upturn by increasing the momentum of its economic program.

“I can tell you that we are going to be prosperous and that we are going to increase the per capita income to a point where it may even threaten our spiritual values,” the President said.

Hence, he added, his insistence; on the new Philippine ideology, “because to me, the spiritual base of nationhood must always be maintained.”

Meanwhile, with the country achieving self-sufficiency in all agricultural levels, he warned against a relaxation of efforts, calling instead of increased momentum.

The President said that it is just a matter of acceleration of momentum than of any specific growth ill any area, because the growth in mist of the areas has been deliberately brought about by agriculture and industry.

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April 11—

PRESIDENT MARCOS asked provincial governors of areas affected by the drought in Mindanao to coordinate with national agencies in extending assistance to drought victims.

He also sought the participation of other political leaders to immediately set to work coordinating centers in their areas.

The President reminded “the local officials of standard operating procedures which provide for the setting up of coordinating centers which would deal with any calamity that may occur in any locality.

This mechanism involves the participation of governors, assemblymen, mayors, barangay captains, and other local officials in coordination with national agencies concerned with extending emergency relief to calamity victims, the President said.

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President Marcos met with United States Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian Affairs, Paul Wolfowitz and discussed issues of mutual interest, particularly those relating to the security of the Asian Pacific region.

Wolfowitz arrived yesterday for an official visit from Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, aboard a Malaysian Airline jetliner, accompanied by his deputy Dan O. Donahue.

Wolfowitz was welcomed by the Philippine Ambassador to the US Benjamin Romualdez, US Ambassador Michael Armacost, and other Philippine and US government officials.

Wolfowitz is considered by some observers as “sympathetic” to the aspirations of developing.countries which seek to strengthen themselves economically and politically.

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April 12—

PRESIDENT MARCOS convened the National Security Council to a meeting at Malacañang to take up matters relating to global and national security in the light of the forthcoming renegotiations on American military facilities in the country.

The council is chairmanned by the President with Prime Minister Cesar Virata, Foreign Minister Carlos P. Romulo, Justice Minister Ricardo Puno, Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile, and Information Minister Gregorio S. Cendaña as members.

Technical advisers to the council are Prime Minister Virata, in his capacity as director general of the National Economic and Development Authority, and Gen. Fabian C. Ver, chief of staff of the Armed Forces and director-general of the National Intelligence and Security Agency.

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President Marcos said that he looked forward to the May visit of Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone to take up vital trade issues, such as aid for the distressed copper industry and the Japanese tariff on Philippine bananas.

The President bad a discussion with Japanese Ambassador Yoshio Okawa, who wanted to know the possible agenda to be taken up when his Prime Minister arrives.

Okawa said he would leave for Tokyo Saturday to report to Nakasone on his discussions with President Marcos.

The President has long pressed for some financing assistance from Japan for the copper industry, which supplies roughly 40 per cent of Japanese copper concentrate needs.

He is also interested in getting landing rights for Philippine Airlines, which now uses Honolulu as a stop-over in its Manila-West Coast flights.

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April 13—

THE FIRST LADY and Human Settlements Minister Imelda Romualdez Marcos approved in principle yesterday a seven year program aimed at installing half a million units of gasifiers in transportation and other industries by 1989.

The program also calls for the planting of about 750,000 hectares of fast growing trees to support the fuels needs of these gasifiers.

To convert wood to charcoal, 75,000 kilos requiring some 350 million bricks, would be needed.

Mrs. Marcos took this step during a meeting with officials of the National Dendro Development Corp. (NDDC), Gasifier and Equipment Manufacturing Corp. (Gencor), and the Federation of Electric Cooperatives of the Philippines (Fecophil) at Malacañang.

The First Lady is chairperson of NDDC and Gencor, the country’s two manufacturers of gasifiers.

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President Marcos, seeking to tightening government spending as well as the supply of foreign exchange, ordered all government offices yesterday to cut down importations, reduce foreign borrowing, and slash expenditures abroad.

In Letter of Instructions No. 1307, he said government agencies must maximize use of local products, limiting government purchases of motor vehicles only to those produced here.

Government offices must not make any investments, placements, or deposits with foreign enterprises without the approval of the Monetary Board of the Central Bank. The board would give due course to only extraordinary cases.

Officials must review membership in foreign associations, limiting such memberships only to those where direct benefit assures to the country.

The President reiterated a clampdown on foreign travel and attendance in seminars and training programs, limiting those to programs with substantial foreign counterpart and excepting scholarship programs lead ing to graduate degrees.

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April 14—

PRESIDENT MARCOS told a gathering of governors and mayors that local officials must not play politics with the administration’s anti-subversion campaign.

Citing some local officials who would make politics our of purely internal security affairs, he said they should help and protect the people instead.

“If any local official should want to side with any of the rebels and subversives, that is all right by us,” he said. “We will know what to do, but do not expect any support from me.”

Noting that many anti-subversion laws were not enforced, he pin pointed the law penalizing the giving of aid and comfort to the enemy.

The President is expected to reiterate this point when he meets the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan leaders in a caucus.

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President Marcos said that illegally built fishpens on Laguna Lake could be turned over to small fishermen, thereby democratizing the bounties of the lake as he had promised the fishermen.

Teodoro Rey, the new administrator of the Laguna Lake Development Authority, had reported to the President that all the fishpens in the lake were illegally constructed because they lacked valid permits.

Rey declared that the only legal fishpens were those under the Kilusang Kabuhayan at Kaunlaran livelihood program.

The plan calls for placing illegal fishpens under cooperatives composed or fishermen who are qualified under LLDA guidelines.

The President told Rey to set UP a navigational and access lane opening UP 5,000 hectares of communal fishing grounds.

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April 15—

PRESIDENT MARCOS has directed Justice Minister Ricardo C. Puno to oversee the settlement of land disputes arising on the barangay level in coordination with the government agencies.

Puno was also ordered to set up the mechanism and the procedure for the enforcement of land claims based on conciliation undertaken under the Katarungang Pambarangay Law.

Puno said he has invited the chief of the Constabulary, the director of lands, the representative from the Ministry of Local Governments and Community Development, and the commissioners of the Commission on the Settlement of Land Problems (COSLAP) to a meeting next week to carry out the presidential directives.

Under the presidential directives, Puno will establish an effective coordination link with government officials involved in the settlement of land disputes in the barangay level.

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Source: National Library of the Philippines

Office of the President of the Philippines. (1983). Official Week in Review. Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines, 79(24), cxxxi-cxxxv.