Civil Service Commission
SECTION 1. Declaration of Policy.—The State shall insure and promote the Constitutional mandate that appointments in the Civil Service shall be made only according to merit and fitness; that the Civil Service Commission, as the central personnel agency of the Government shall establish a career service, adopt measures to promote morale, efficiency, integrity, responsiveness, and courtesy in the civil service, strengthen the merit and rewards system, integrate all human resources development programs for all levels and ranks, and institutionalize a management climate conducive to public accountability; that public office is a public trust and public officers and employees must at all times be accountable to the people; and that personnel functions shall be decentralized, delegating the corresponding authority to the departments, offices and agencies where such functions can be effectively performed.
SECTION 2. Duties and Responsibilities of Public Officers and Employees.—Public Officers and employees shall have the duties, responsibilities, and accountability provided in Chapter 9, Book I of this Code.
SECTION 3. Terms and Conditions of Employment.—The terms and conditions of employment of all government employees, including those in government-owned or controlled corporations with original charters, shall be fixed by law. The terms and conditions of employment which are not fixed by law may be the subject of negotiation between duly recognized employees’ organizations and appropriate government authorities.
SECTION 4. Compensation.—The Congress shall provide for the standardization of compensation of government officials and employees including those in government-owned or controlled corporations with original charters, taking into account the nature of the responsibilities pertaining to, and the qualifications required for the position concerned.
SECTION 5. Definitions of Terms.—As used in this title, the following shall be construed thus:
(1) Agency means any bureau, office, commission, administration, board, committee, institute, corporation with original charter, whether performing governmental or proprietary function, or any other unit of the National Government, as well as provincial, city, or municipal government, except as hereinafter otherwise provided.
(2) Appointing officer is the person or body authorized by law to make appointments in the Philippine Civil Service.
(3) Class includes all positions in the government service that are sufficiently similar as to duties and responsibilities and require similar qualifications that can be given the same title and salary and for all administrative and compensation purposes, be treated alike.
(4) Commission refers to the Civil Service Commission.
(5) Chairman refers to the Chairman of the Commission.
(6) Commissioner refers to either of the two other members of the Commission.
(7) Department includes any of the executive departments or entities having the category of a department including the judiciary, Commission on Elections and Commission on Audit.
(8) Eligible refers to a person who obtains a passing grade in a civil service examination or is granted a civil service eligibility and whose name is entered in the register of eligibles.
(9) Examination refers to a civil service examination conducted by the Commission and its regional offices or by other departments or agencies with the assistance of the Commission, or in coordination or jointly with it, and those that it may delegate to departments and agencies pursuant to this Title, or those that may have been delegated by law.
(10) Form refers to those prescribed by the Civil Service Commission.