Briefer: Bintang Republik Indonesia (Star of the Republic of Indonesia)

October 10, 2014 – President Benigno S. Aquino III is in Indonesia to attend the 7th Bali Democracy Forum on the Evolving Regional Democratic Architecture, which he co-chairs with President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia.

Later in the day, President Aquino will be conferred the Bintang Republik Indonesia, with the rank of Adipurna, by President Yudhoyono. His support in enhancing the bilateral relations in every field, and mutual support between Indonesia and the Philippines are grounds for the conferment of the Bintang, as stated in Indonesian Presidential Decree No. 72/TK/2014.

Bintang RI Adipurna

The Bintang Republik Indonesia (Star of the Republic of Indonesia)* recognizes individuals who have rendered extraordinary service for the integrity, viability, and greatness of Indonesia. It is the highest honor conferred by the Indonesian government on citizens and non-citizens alike. In this respect, it is comparable to the Order of Sikatuna of the Republic of the Philippines. Notable recipients of the Bintang include Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain, King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand, and President Lee Myung Bak of South Korea.

Previous Filipino recipients of the Bintang Republik Indonesia include Foreign Secretaries Narciso Ramos (father of former President Fidel V. Ramos) and Carlos P. Romulo, each with the rank of Adipradana.

Legal basis

The conferment of the Bintang Republik Indonesia is based on Article 15 of the Indonesian Constitution of 1945, and Indonesian Law No. 20 of 2009 on Honours, Medals, and Declarations. The latter stipulates the current criteria for the selection of the Bintang Republik Indonesia’s recipients.

Classes

The Bintang Republik Indonesia is divided into five classes namely:

  • Class 1: Bintang Republik Indonesia Adipurna
  • Class 2: Bintang Republik Indonesia Adipradana
  • Class 3: Bintang Republik Indonesia Utama
  • Class 4: Bintang Republik Indonesia Pratama
  • Class 5: Bintang Republik Indonesia Nararya

Criteria

According to Indonesian Law No. 20, year 2009, the Bintang is awarded to citizens and non-citizens who passed the following qualifications:

  • possess good character, moral integrity, and loyalty to the country
  • contributed immensely in any field that has benefited the nation and state
  • rendered services that are widely recognized in the national and international level
  • have not been sentenced to imprisonment of at least five years for committing a criminal offense

Description

Bintang medal_close up

Photo by Megan C. Robertson, Medals of the World.

The badge of the Bintang Republik Indonesia is in the form of a seven pointed silver star embellished with gold rays, on which a superimposed golden star is framed in silver or white enamel and a silver pearl on each point. In the center is a medallion with the letters R and I (the initials of the Republic of Indonesia) in gold, superimposed on a blue enameled disk and surrounded by a gold wreath with 17 silver pearls.

The sash of the Order is yellow, with alternating red stripes that are distinct per class:

Ribbon_Bintang 1Class 1: wide red, medium wide red, narrow red, narrow red, medium wide red, and wide red

Ribbon_Bintang 2Class 2: wide red, narrow red, medium wide red, narrow red, and wide red

Ribbon_Bintang 3Class 3: wide red, narrow red, narrow red, and wide red

Ribbon_Bintang 4Class 4: wide red, medium wide red, and wide red

Ribbon_Bintang 5Class 5: wide red and wide red

Roster of Filipino recipients

Name Position Class Date Conferred Authorized by/date
Ferdinand E. Marcos President Adipurna January 12, 1968
Benigno S. Aquino III President Adipurna October 10, 2014
Carlos P. Romulo Minister of Foreign Affairs Adipranada February 16, 1979 BP Resolution No. 16
Narciso Ramos Secretary of Foreign Affairs Adipranada July 26, 1979

pcdspo.gov.ph

This entry was made in cooperation with the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia in the Philippines

_________________________________________________________________

References:

Diplomatic Agenda of Philippine Presidents, 1946-1985. Manila: Foreign Service Institute, 1985.

“Star of the Republic of Indonesia.” Medals of the World. Accessed October 8, 2014. http://www.medals.org.uk/indonesia/indonesia001.htm

“Tanda Kehormatan Republik Indonesia.” Kementerian Sekretariat Negara, Republik Indonesia. Accessed October 8, 2014. http://www.setneg.go.id/index.php?option=com_tandajasa&cat=33&Itemid=43