The movement for Philippine independence from Spain was a collective one—a national movement. This has been recognized by President Benigno S. Aquino III, as reflected in his Independence Day commemorations of the past years held in various crucial settings. This annual pilgrimage by the President emphasizes that the revolution was truly nationwide in extent and character.

On his last Independence Day, the President celebrates Independence Day in Rizal Park, Manila.

Learn more.

June 12, 1898

The Aguinaldo House

The Emilio Aguinaldo House in Kawit, Cavite, is the site of the proclamation of Philippine independence.

June 12 and the commemoration of Philippine independence

Today, the proclamation of Philippine Independence is celebrated on June 12—but before 1962, it was celebrated on July 4.

Flag Days (May 28-June 12)

In commemoration of the first unfurling of the Philippine flag in battle, the National Flag Days are celebrated from May 28 to June 12 to honor the national emblem that stood for the nation’s struggle for independence.

History of the Philippine National Anthem

Today is the anniversary of our National Anthem, which was played for the first time in public, in 1896.

Cuisine and the ratification of independence

Reputed pastry maker Juan Padilla and cook Emilio Gonzales prepared and served “high-style” courses at par with the finest European banquet, for the delegates of the Malolos Congress.

Songs of the Revolution

The Philippine revolution was accompanied by music: hymns and marches that express love for the motherland.

Philippine Revolution

Imprinting Andres Bonifacio: The Iconization from Portrait to Peso

The face of the Philippine revolution is evasive, just like the freedom that eluded the man known as its leader.

The Centenary of the Rizal Monument

The Monument, which was built as the tomb and memorial to Jose P. Rizal, has since served as the de facto symbol of our nationhood.

Founding of the Katipunan

The secrets of the Katipunan revealed. Learn more about the organization’s founding, membership, and structure.

Timeline of the Philippine Revolution

Learn more about the events that happened before, during, and after the Philippine Revolution, through this interactive timeline.

Evolution of the Revolution

The Philippine Revolution began on August 23, 1896, and lasted till the Proclamation of Independence on June 12, 1898. Its evolution tells of the Filipino’s unwavering spirit for freedom and independence.

Generals of the Philippine Revolution

Learn more about the commanders and generals of the Philippine Revolution through these trading cards, which may be printed, folded as instructed, and used as educational guides.


Araw ng Republikang Filipino 1898

The Malolos Congress ushered in the birth of the First Philippine Republic, a government republican in form, with power shared between three branches of government, and under the authority of a government with an army—full attributes of a modern state.

Philippine-American War

Map-based infographics to rediscover the bloody conflict at the turn of the 20th century, known as the Philippine-American War.

The Federal System

On a letter dated January 24, 1899, Mabini urged the Federal State of the Visayas to elect their own representatives to the First Republic.

Sta. Barbara, Jaro, Iloilo


The Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office and the Presidential Museum and Library would like to thank the following for their invaluable help and assistance in this project: Dr. Benito J. Legarda Jr., Mr. Paulo Alcazaren, Mr. John Tewell, Mr. Lou Gopal, Mr. Ino Manalo, Mr. Arnaldo Dumindin, Ms. Karina Constantino-David, Mr. Jim Richardson, Mr. Clinton Palanca, Mr. Raul M. Sunico, Technical Working Committee for Kalayaan 2015, Local Government of Cavite, Cultural Center of the Philippines, National Library of the Philippines, and the National Historical Commission of the Philippines.